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Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review



SCALARIES content, compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) are among the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Their mannerism and affinity with the elite Discus, give an aristocratic polish that is unique to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fishes for more than 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect. In addition to these advantages, scalarians have well-developed intellect, are not capricious in content, and are caring parents.

Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive chichlades.
Not compatible with: neon, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, nervous goldfish and scalars are chasing and plucking them), discus, too, though relatives, but in my opinion not the best neighbors - discus Dear, love warm water, they grow into large fish, capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping the discus separately in a species aquarium. See the article - compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live:
Angelfish are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum amount of aquarium for scalar

angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautiful

From 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them. About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for the care and conditions of the scalar


- scalar necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly replacement of up to 1/4 of the volume of aquarium water.
- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, the fish are not very mobile and do not jump out of the pond.
- lighting should be moderate. The aquarium is equipped with shaded areas, which is achieved with the help of aquarium vegetation. Fish do not like bright light and shy to turn it on. Vallisneria and other long stem plants are recommended as aquarium plants for scalars. The creation of thickets from such plants imitates the natural habitat of the angelfish.
- Aquarium decoration, at your discretion: stones, grottoes, snags and other decorations. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming. Shelters do not need scalars.

Feeding and diet of scalar

The fish are omnivorous and the feed is absolutely not whimsical. They are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. Like many aquarium scalar dwellers love live food: moth, artemia, choke, cyclops, daphnia. The feed by scalaries is taken from the surface of the water and in its thickness, the fish do not disdain to walk along the bottom after collecting the remnants of food.

The scalar has a peculiarity - they can refuse to eat for up to 2 weeks. So if your scalar does not eat - there is nothing wrong with that.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, scalars live in northern South America

in reservoirs with dense reed beds and with standing or slowly flowing water. Actually these natural conditions explain their flattened - disc-shaped body shape, which they need to maneuver among underwater reeds. Kept in nature in groups of 10 individuals.

Description of aquarium angelfish

The body is round and very flattened at the sides. It has a very elongated back and anal fin, which gives the fish the shape of a crescent. Natural - the natural color of the scalar is silver with black transverse stripes; however, as a result of successful selection, various color scales were obtained, for example, a marble scalar, a two-color, red, black, zebra scalar and others. In addition, the veil form of the scalar is derived - with even longer fins. Angelfish are large, sweeping fish, can reach up to 15 cm in length, and even more than 25 cm in height in the forest.
Story of the angelfish

The Latin name Pterophyllum was given by the famous Austrian zoologist I.Ya. Heckel in 1840 and it translates as "pteron" - a feather and "phyllon" sheet, and together with a "winged sheet".

Before Heckel gave the name Pterophyllum, this fish was already repeatedly described in 1823. Martin Heinrich Karl Lichtenstein, who gave her the name Zeus scalaris. And in 1931, the fish was described by Baron Jord Léopold Frederik Bagobert Cuvier. He called it Platax scalaris. It was the scalar and the market name "Blattfische", translated as leaf fish. This name was given by G. B. Sagratski, who first managed to bring these fish from Rio Negru to Germany.

Actually, under this name, for the first time, they found themselves in Europe, however, such a name did not eventually stick. Abroad, the angelfish is called "Angelfishes" or simply "Angel", in Germany "Segelflosser", which translates as a sail.
In some sources, it is said that for the first time the scalars appeared in Europe in 1909, but this is not the case. From this year, they "dovozilis", but alas, the dead. Only in October 1911 was it possible to bring a living scalar. And only from this moment on in Europe did the "aquarium-scalar boom" begin: description, disputes, articles in journals, attempts at breeding, etc.
The first successful breeding of scalar in artificial conditions occurred in 1914 at the aquarist from Hamburg - I. Quancar. His success was repeated only a year later by an aquarist from the USA, U.L. Polynn. It is worth noting that at that time the secret of reproduction was kept in the strictest secrecy - the scalar was very valuable. However, everything is secret when it becomes clear. Since 1920, breeding scalar gains mass.
In Russia, the scalars multiplied for the first time in 1928. This happened at our aquarist, Mr. A. Smironov - in the evening he went to the theater, and at home in the aquarium he had a hot water heater. The temperature of the water in the aquarium rose to 32 ° C and the scalar spontaneously began spontaneously. As a note of humor, I would like to say that the Russians are as always - at random and anyhow.
But, aquarists did not stop at the successful artificial breeding of scalar. The second half of the twentieth century was marked by inexorable breeding work on scalars. In 1956, a veil scalar was bred. In 1957, a spectacular black scalar was introduced in the USA. In 1969, again by the American Charles Hashem, a marble scalar was obtained.

Types and breeds of Angelfish

So in order to understand the scale of selection work, I’ll give only an incomplete list of other derived forms of an angelfish: half-hearted, smoky, albino, red-smoky, red, chocolate, phantom, two-spotted phantom, blue, white, zebra, lace zebra, cobra, leopard, marble red-gold, red-pearl, pearl, gold-pearl, red-pearl and others.
The latest achievements are scaleless and brilliant scalaries. Therefore, if we talk about the types of angelfish - they are just countless.

Here is a photo of some angelfish - Pterophyllum scalare











But, it is necessary to distinguish the species from the breeds of angelfish

The above scalar is a breed of the same species Pterophyllum scalare. But there are other types of scalar - the main ones are:
Pterophyllum altum (pterophyllum altum), Pterophyllum leopoldi (formerly Pterophyllum dumerilli - Pterophyllum Dymerilli), Pterophyllum eimekei
Here is
Photo of Pterophyllum leopoldi (as a separate type of angelfish)

and here is a photo Pterophyllum altum (as a separate type of scalar)

a photo Pterophyllum eimekei (as a separate scalar)

Scalar content
Taking into account the above mentioned breeding experiments for one hundred years, the scalar adapted so much to the aquarium conditions that their content does not pose any problems. Perhaps the main and prerequisite for their maintenance is a large and high aquarium. As previously mentioned, the minimum volume of an aquarium for a scalar should be 100 liters, but its height should be at least 45 centimeters. In this case, the fish is absolutely not important thickness of the aquarium, on the turn, they are accustomed to pour narrow ducts, thickets and crevices. From my personal experience I will say that the angelfish feel great, are angry with densely planted long-stem vegetation, in which they feel at home in South America.
The optimal temperature of water for scalars ranges from 22-27 ° C. However, these fish are distinguished by enviable frost resistance up to 16 ° C and endurance in the heat up to 35 ° C.
They are unpretentious and to other parameters of water can normally exist both in very soft and rather hard water. Optimum dH: up to 10 °, Ph: 6-7,5.
Angelfish love clean water, so the presence of aeration and filtration in the aquarium is necessary. Weekly need to replace the aquarium water to fresh before? parts.
Angelfish are very hierarchical fish. It is best to keep them with a flock, in which their own ranking will be established - large and strong pairs will dominate, and weaker ones will receive cuffs. However, such intraspecific aggression is not very scary, especially if you zoned the aquarium. For example, I have aquarium plants and decor planted and set so that the aquarium can be divided into four "adjacent rooms". Such a method helps to avoid excessive aggression and stalking of the weak.

Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalar

Sex differences between male and female scalar are weakly expressed. They can be seen only when the fish cut their mature age at 9-12 months of age. Up to this point, when you buy young animals in the pet store, no one will tell you who you take. When buying juveniles, the angelfish can be recommended to take two large individuals, most likely they are males and two small scalars, most likely they will be girls.
To determine the sex of the scalar need experience and practice. A full-time aquarist will distinguish a male from a female in two accounts, but for a beginner, it will be a bit hard for a beginner. For this you need to watch your scalar.
Below is a list of typical sexual differences between the male and the female scalar. Well, of course the photo!

The first sign is behavior. Boys behave like boys, girls like girls. This is especially noticeable when the angelfish are broken into pairs. The pair immediately see who the male and who is the female.
The second sign is the structure of the body. The male angelfish has a 100% distinctive feature - this is a fatty knob on the forehead - a hump. Females do not have it. The forehead of the male is convex, on the contrary vice versa in the female. In addition, the body of the male scalar is more powerful, their back has a fin longer and there are stripes on it (on the back).
The third sign is manifested during the spawning period. The male has a narrow and sharp seed tube, while the female scalar forms a wide and short ovipositor.

Here is a good photo of a male and female scalar

(male on the left and female on the right). Having received a review of this article from a fish breeding expert. Vitaly ChernyavskyI consider it necessary to supplement this part of the article with his answer, here it is:
"The article on the scalars looked. As for signs of differences between males and females - not quite right.
1) Behavior is not a criterion. Every now and then 2 females without a male completely even (and in turn) imitate the male's sexual behavior. Only if you look closely, you can see that the "male" and the female will then change places - and the roe (naturally unfertilized) will be put off by BOTH fish.
2) There are males without a forehead and females with a forehead.
3) The only clear criterion for sex differences in adult fish is line of the back and abdomen. In the male: the line of the back and dorsal fin form an ANGLE, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost the DIRECT line. And in the female, on the contrary: the line of the back and the dorsal fin form an almost DIRECT line, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost a direct ANGLE. "
Taking into account the expert's opinion, I add this drawing that will help determine the sex of the scalar, based on the angle of its fins.
!!!PAYING ATTENTION!!!
The fact that on the Internet this figure of an angelfish is everywhere spread with false information - the male and the female are confused. This drawing is taken from Ilyin's book Aquarium Fish Breeding. So there the fish were entangled by the artist.
Well, on the Internet, those who sculpt this picture on their websites ... they do not chop themselves, where the female is, where the male is, thereby misleading everyone.
!!! This picture is all right !!! With good and comfortable content angelfish spawning happens right in the general aquarium. The impetus for spawning is the replacement of aquarium water with fresh water and an increase in temperature of 2-4 degrees. A very important role in this process is played by the substrate for laying. Angelfish often prefer to lay eggs on a broadleaf plant, but they may like other places: filter tube, glass, grotto wall, etc.
The place chosen by the producers is thoroughly cleaned of any dirt, and then spawning itself follows. Over time, the female can sweep about 500 eggs, large and even more up to 1000.

Photos of scalar roe



The incubation period for caviar is 2 days; during this period, parents intensively fan the caviar with fins and clean it from litters, remove the whitened - dead caviar. After the larvae hatch from the calf, the parents transfer them to another leaf in their mouth. This is done for greater purity and the elimination of the possibility of catching the infection from the rotting shell of the calf.

Photos of scalar larvae



Over the next 7 days, the larvae, under the watchful supervision of parents, hang on a piece of paper. When the larvae run out of nutrients from the yolk sac, they turn into fry. From now on, they should start feeding.
Starter feed for young scalar should be of high quality, alive and well washed. Can advise - nauplii, nematodes. It is not desirable, but it is possible to feed the fry with any frayed dry food (the number of dead fry will increase with such feeding). It is also recommended to clean the spawning tank from food residue and other dirt twice a day.

Photo fry, young scalar


The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too. Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring. In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders. Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar



Recommended literature and books about scalars

A. N. Gurzhiy "Skalyarii" 2009 Kochetov Sergey "Skalyarii" 2005

Beautiful video with scalars









A selection of beautiful photos with scalars
















Angelfish Aquarium Fish - Maintenance and Care

In the overgrown reservoirs of South America with dense plants, a small fish was born and gradually acquired a rather fanciful shape. The unusual inhabitant gradually became a real decoration of the reservoirs, and therefore received a beautiful name: "Angelfish", which translates as a winged leaf.

Aquarium decoration - angel fish

In Europe, the little angelfish was named "angel", while also becoming quite popular as an inhabitant of aquariums among Europeans. Such fame of these fish is explained not only by the exotic shape and color. It is known that the majority of aquarium fish do not live long: no more than two years, however, an angelfish is considered a long-liver living in aquariums up to 10 years (with special care this period can last up to 20 years). The life span of an angelfish directly depends on the aquarist and his professionalism. Despite the fact that this fish belongs to non-hazardous species, it also requires proper care and a qualified approach to creating habitat conditions. Aquarists should not forget that this exotic baby comes from the southern continent and is used to living in an environment with dense vegetation. Therefore, the first condition contributing to an increase in the life span of the angelfish in an aquarium is their content in a properly organized habitat.

It is easy to care for these fish, the main thing is to observe a number of conditions for their comfortable stay in the aquarium:

  • saturation of the underwater environment with the necessary flora to create conditions close to natural ones;
  • organization of proper nutrition in compliance with the basic principles and dosage regimen;
  • the optimal neighborhood of a small scalar with other inhabitants of the aquarium world.

How many other representatives in the aquarium will depend on the volume of the water basin.

Conditions of detention

The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size. Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length. Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough - up to 100 liters. At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.

An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees. At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.

The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.

Nutrition

Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition. The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food. In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish. Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time. Approaches to the choice of live food are standard - this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food. Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.

It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed. It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity. Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.

Breeding angelfish

It is believed that the scalar reach readiness for reproduction by 10 years. Keeping these fish in the same tank in preparation for spawning can create a number of problems. Both male and female will do everything possible to protect the territory with deferred caviar, which will lead to conflicts between the inhabitants of the aquarium.

It is worthwhile to watch the scalars, as they spend a fairly visual and difficult period of preparation for spawning. Vigilant care of the aquarium will allow you not to miss this important period and in time to send the fish to another temporary dwelling of up to 80 liters. The water in it should be warm, the aquarium can be equipped with large-leaved plants to create optimal conditions for spawning. A few days later the fry appear in the water, after which the parents should be sent out from the babies. Little angelfish live in a separate aquatic environment until they grow up and get stronger, feed on ciliates or "living dust". It is recommended to feed babies as much as adults feed: up to 3 times a day.

Creating an optimal habitat

Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:

  1. In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
  2. The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
  3. The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
  4. Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.

Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them. It is advisable to breed many angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to "redistribute" the area near the feeder. While they are “dividing the territory,” the rest of the aquarium’s inhabitants have unhindered access to the feeder.

Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review



SCALARIES content, compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) are among the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Their mannerism and affinity with the elite Discus, give an aristocratic polish that is unique to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fishes for more than 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect. In addition to these advantages, scalarians have well-developed intellect, are not capricious in content, and are caring parents.

Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive chichlades.
Not compatible with: neon, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, nervous goldfish and scalars are chasing and plucking them), discus, too, though relatives, but in my opinion not the best neighbors - discus Dear, love warm water, they grow into large fish, capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping the discus separately in a species aquarium. See the article - compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live:
Angelfish are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum amount of aquarium for scalar

angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautiful

From 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them. About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for the care and conditions of the scalar


- scalar necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly replacement of up to 1/4 of the volume of aquarium water.
- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, the fish are not very mobile and do not jump out of the pond.
- lighting should be moderate. The aquarium is equipped with shaded areas, which is achieved with the help of aquarium vegetation. Fish do not like bright light and shy to turn it on. Vallisneria and other long stem plants are recommended as aquarium plants for scalars. The creation of thickets from such plants imitates the natural habitat of the angelfish.
- Aquarium decoration, at your discretion: stones, grottoes, snags and other decorations. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming. Shelters do not need scalars.

Feeding and diet of scalar

The fish are omnivorous and the feed is absolutely not whimsical. They are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. Like many aquarium scalar dwellers love live food: moth, artemia, choke, cyclops, daphnia. The feed by scalaries is taken from the surface of the water and in its thickness, the fish do not disdain to walk along the bottom after collecting the remnants of food.

The scalar has a peculiarity - they can refuse to eat for up to 2 weeks. So if your scalar does not eat - there is nothing wrong with that.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, scalars live in northern South America

in reservoirs with dense reed beds and with standing or slowly flowing water. Actually these natural conditions explain their flattened - disc-shaped body shape, which they need to maneuver among underwater reeds. Kept in nature in groups of 10 individuals.

Description of aquarium angelfish

The body is round and very flattened at the sides. It has a very elongated back and anal fin, which gives the fish the shape of a crescent. Natural - the natural color of the scalar is silver with black transverse stripes; however, as a result of successful selection, various color scales were obtained, for example, a marble scalar, a two-color, red, black, zebra scalar and others. In addition, the veil form of the scalar is derived - with even longer fins. Angelfish are large, sweeping fish, can reach up to 15 cm in length, and even more than 25 cm in height in the forest.
Story of the angelfish

The Latin name Pterophyllum was given by the famous Austrian zoologist I.Ya. Heckel in 1840 and it translates as "pteron" - a feather and "phyllon" sheet, and together with a "winged sheet".

Before Heckel gave the name Pterophyllum, this fish was already repeatedly described in 1823. Martin Heinrich Karl Lichtenstein, who gave her the name Zeus scalaris. And in 1931, the fish was described by Baron Jord Léopold Frederik Bagobert Cuvier. He called it Platax scalaris. It was the scalar and the market name "Blattfische", translated as leaf fish. This name was given by G. B. Sagratski, who first managed to bring these fish from Rio Negru to Germany.

Actually, under this name, for the first time, they found themselves in Europe, however, such a name did not eventually stick. Abroad, the angelfish is called "Angelfishes" or simply "Angel", in Germany "Segelflosser", which translates as a sail.
In some sources, it is said that for the first time the scalars appeared in Europe in 1909, but this is not the case. From this year, they "dovozilis", but alas, the dead. Only in October 1911 was it possible to bring a living scalar. And only from this moment on in Europe did the "aquarium-scalar boom" begin: description, disputes, articles in journals, attempts at breeding, etc.
The first successful breeding of scalar in artificial conditions occurred in 1914 at the aquarist from Hamburg - I. Quancar. His success was repeated only a year later by an aquarist from the USA, U.L. Polynn. It is worth noting that at that time the secret of reproduction was kept in the strictest secrecy - the scalar was very valuable. However, everything is secret when it becomes clear. Since 1920, breeding scalar gains mass.
In Russia, the scalars multiplied for the first time in 1928. This happened at our aquarist, Mr. A. Smironov - in the evening he went to the theater, and at home in the aquarium he had a hot water heater. The temperature of the water in the aquarium rose to 32 ° C and the scalar spontaneously began spontaneously. As a note of humor, I would like to say that the Russians are as always - at random and anyhow.
But, aquarists did not stop at the successful artificial breeding of scalar. The second half of the twentieth century was marked by inexorable breeding work on scalars. In 1956, a veil scalar was bred. In 1957, a spectacular black scalar was introduced in the USA. In 1969, again by the American Charles Hashem, a marble scalar was obtained.

Types and breeds of Angelfish

So in order to understand the scale of selection work, I’ll give only an incomplete list of other derived forms of an angelfish: half-hearted, smoky, albino, red-smoky, red, chocolate, phantom, two-spotted phantom, blue, white, zebra, lace zebra, cobra, leopard, marble red-gold, red-pearl, pearl, gold-pearl, red-pearl and others.
The latest achievements are scaleless and brilliant scalaries. Therefore, if we talk about the types of angelfish - they are just countless.

Here is a photo of some angelfish - Pterophyllum scalare











But, it is necessary to distinguish the species from the breeds of angelfish

The above scalar is a breed of the same species Pterophyllum scalare. But there are other types of scalar - the main ones are:
Pterophyllum altum (pterophyllum altum), Pterophyllum leopoldi (formerly Pterophyllum dumerilli - Pterophyllum Dymerilli), Pterophyllum eimekei
Here is
Photo of Pterophyllum leopoldi (as a separate type of angelfish)

and here is a photo Pterophyllum altum (as a separate type of scalar)

a photo Pterophyllum eimekei (as a separate scalar)

Scalar content
Taking into account the above mentioned breeding experiments for one hundred years, the scalar adapted so much to the aquarium conditions that their content does not pose any problems. Perhaps the main and prerequisite for their maintenance is a large and high aquarium. As previously mentioned, the minimum volume of an aquarium for a scalar should be 100 liters, but its height should be at least 45 centimeters. In this case, the fish is absolutely not important thickness of the aquarium, on the turn, they are accustomed to pour narrow ducts, thickets and crevices. From my personal experience I will say that the angelfish feel great, are angry with densely planted long-stem vegetation, in which they feel at home in South America.
The optimal temperature of water for scalars ranges from 22-27 ° C. However, these fish are distinguished by enviable frost resistance up to 16 ° C and endurance in the heat up to 35 ° C.
They are unpretentious and to other parameters of water can normally exist both in very soft and rather hard water. Optimum dH: up to 10 °, Ph: 6-7,5.
Angelfish love clean water, so the presence of aeration and filtration in the aquarium is necessary. Weekly need to replace the aquarium water to fresh before? parts.
Angelfish are very hierarchical fish. It is best to keep them with a flock, in which their own ranking will be established - large and strong pairs will dominate, and weaker ones will receive cuffs. However, such intraspecific aggression is not very scary, especially if you zoned the aquarium. For example, I have aquarium plants and decor planted and set so that the aquarium can be divided into four "adjacent rooms". Such a method helps to avoid excessive aggression and stalking of the weak.

Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalar

Sex differences between male and female scalar are weakly expressed. They can be seen only when the fish cut their mature age at 9-12 months of age. Up to this point, when you buy young animals in the pet store, no one will tell you who you take. When buying juveniles, the angelfish can be recommended to take two large individuals, most likely they are males and two small scalars, most likely they will be girls.
To determine the sex of the scalar need experience and practice. A full-time aquarist will distinguish a male from a female in two accounts, but for a beginner, it will be a bit hard for a beginner. For this you need to watch your scalar.
Below is a list of typical sexual differences between the male and the female scalar. Well, of course the photo!

The first sign is behavior. Boys behave like boys, girls like girls. This is especially noticeable when the angelfish are broken into pairs. The pair immediately see who the male and who is the female.
The second sign is the structure of the body. The male angelfish has a 100% distinctive feature - this is a fatty knob on the forehead - a hump. Females do not have it. The forehead of the male is convex, on the contrary vice versa in the female. In addition, the body of the male scalar is more powerful, their back has a fin longer and there are stripes on it (on the back).
The third sign is manifested during the spawning period. The male has a narrow and sharp seed tube, while the female scalar forms a wide and short ovipositor.

Here is a good photo of a male and female scalar

(male on the left and female on the right). Having received a review of this article from a fish breeding expert. Vitaly ChernyavskyI consider it necessary to supplement this part of the article with his answer, here it is:
"The article on the scalars looked. As for signs of differences between males and females - not quite right.
1) Behavior is not a criterion. Every now and then 2 females without a male completely even (and in turn) imitate the male's sexual behavior. Only if you look closely, you can see that the "male" and the female will then change places - and the roe (naturally unfertilized) will be put off by BOTH fish.
2) There are males without a forehead and females with a forehead.
3) The only clear criterion for sex differences in adult fish is line of the back and abdomen. In the male: the line of the back and dorsal fin form an ANGLE, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost the DIRECT line. And in the female, on the contrary: the line of the back and the dorsal fin form an almost DIRECT line, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost a direct ANGLE. "
Taking into account the expert's opinion, I add this drawing that will help determine the sex of the scalar, based on the angle of its fins.
!!!PAYING ATTENTION!!!
The fact that on the Internet this figure of an angelfish is everywhere spread with false information - the male and the female are confused. This drawing is taken from Ilyin's book Aquarium Fish Breeding. So there the fish were entangled by the artist.
Well, on the Internet, those who sculpt this picture on their websites ... they do not chop themselves, where the female is, where the male is, thereby misleading everyone.
!!! This picture is all right !!! With good and comfortable content angelfish spawning happens right in the general aquarium. The impetus for spawning is the replacement of aquarium water with fresh water and an increase in temperature of 2-4 degrees. A very important role in this process is played by the substrate for laying. Angelfish often prefer to lay eggs on a broadleaf plant, but they may like other places: filter tube, glass, grotto wall, etc.
The place chosen by the producers is thoroughly cleaned of any dirt, and then spawning itself follows. Over time, the female can sweep about 500 eggs, large and even more up to 1000.

Photos of scalar roe



The incubation period for caviar is 2 days; during this period, parents intensively fan the caviar with fins and clean it from litters, remove the whitened - dead caviar. After the larvae hatch from the calf, the parents transfer them to another leaf in their mouth. This is done for greater purity and the elimination of the possibility of catching the infection from the rotting shell of the calf.

Photos of scalar larvae



Over the next 7 days, the larvae, under the watchful supervision of parents, hang on a piece of paper. When the larvae run out of nutrients from the yolk sac, they turn into fry. From now on, they should start feeding.
Starter feed for young scalar should be of high quality, alive and well washed. Can advise - nauplii, nematodes. It is not desirable, but it is possible to feed the fry with any frayed dry food (the number of dead fry will increase with such feeding). It is also recommended to clean the spawning tank from food residue and other dirt twice a day.

Photo fry, young scalar


The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too. Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring. In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders. Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar



Recommended literature and books about scalars

A. N. Gurzhiy "Skalyarii" 2009 Kochetov Sergey "Skalyarii" 2005

Beautiful video with scalars









A selection of beautiful photos with scalars
















Angelfish: compatibility with other fish

Angelfish (Latin "angel fish") attracts with its grace and unusual shape. These pets are loved by many aquarists for their unique graceful appearance, original coloring, meek, peaceful temper. They are considered the most popular aquarium fish in the cichle family. What kinds of these inhabitants of domestic water bodies are best known, what are the conditions of their maintenance, with whom these representatives of cichlids feel comfortable in the neighborhood, let us consider further.

What are they - scalar?

These representatives of the underwater fauna come from South America, where their favorite habitats are leisurely flowing or even standing waters of local water bodies, densely overgrown with reeds.

The flat, as if flattened laterally, scalar body shape allows it to easily move between vertically growing stems of aquatic flora. Here they are comfortable: you can easily hide from predatory brethren, spawn caviar in silence. Usually they live in small flocks of 20 or more individuals.

The unusual shape of a scalar for fish, resembling a crescent, was formed by stretching the dorsal and anal fins, while the fins on the abdomen were transformed into threads that felt and recognized surrounding objects.

The natural habitat has formed the color of an angelfish: the light-silvery background of the body of the fish is crossed by vertical stripes of a dark color, constantly changing saturation depending on the degree of illumination. These transverse strips are nothing more than the protective coloring of the fish, making them invisible in the reed. Only the eyes are sharply accented with bright red spots.

This aquarium pets peculiar to:

  • graceful manner of movement;
  • unpretentiousness;
  • ability to coexist with non-aggressive species of fish;
  • reverent care for their offspring.

Species of exotic fish

Pterophyllum altum, Pterophyllum scalare, Pterophyllum leopoldi are positioned as the main types of scalar. They are in many ways similar at first glance, have a number of differences between them.

Angelfish altum (Pterophyllum altum) has a body as if elongated in height, prefers muddy water with decomposed plants. The size of the largest individuals is 18 cm in length and up to 25 cm in height. The traditional silver color of the body is complemented by three vertical stripes of brownish color.

Scalaria Ordinary (Pterophyllum scalare) is the most famous and common angelfish in the aquarium hobby, freshwater inhabitant.

Its main characteristics are not so different from the standard ones, but strongly depend on the environmental conditions where it is contained. Therefore, this species is of particular interest to aquarists, breeders, creating on its basis a unique color specimens.

So many variations of this species were created:

  • marble;
  • zebra;
  • golden;
  • leopard;
  • veil;
  • smoky-lace and other.

Angelfish leopoldi (Pterophyllum leopoldi) - the least common species among aquarists. Externally, it is different from other species with a slightly elongated body shape, differently located dark stripes on it and a slightly noticeable head hump.


Create the right conditions

The content and care for the scalar requires the same as the other tsikhlovym:

  • nutrition;
  • the size of the home water;
  • water quality;
  • breeding conditions must be acceptable and comfortable for scalar.

To make your pets feel good, have the opportunity to show off graceful swimming, giving you pleasure while watching them, they need to settle in a fairly spacious aquarium.

It should be volumetric (at least 50 liters), and sufficiently high (at least 50 cm), with a large number of plants planted rationally, so as not to interfere with the fish during swimming and at the same time serve them as an accessible shelter. It is not necessary to cover the domestic pond as these pets do not jump.

The parameters of the aquarium water should be close to the following indicators:

  • the water is clean but not filtered;
  • temperature - about 26 ° C (with spawning above);
  • stiffness - 10-12.

For scalar live food is preferred:

  • Coretra;
  • pipemaker;
  • bloodworm;
  • daphnia.

Comfortable conditions contribute to the regular spawning of the scalar right in the aquarium. The latter is stimulated by a simple water change, as well as a slight increase in its temperature.

The development of eggs lasts up to two days, after which parents put their larvae in their mouths. In order to preserve the offspring, it is better to plant it for this period in another reservoir. There in five days the fry will be able to swim and eat on their own. And parents will not worry about their safety.

Who can be a neighbor of a scalar?

It is impossible to say that the angelfish fully corresponds to its translated name of the angelfish: it, like many cichlids, is run by the predator's instincts.

Attempting to share this fish with some other aquarium dwellers does not always end successfully. Simply put, for example, every detail scalar easily eaten, and for adult members of other breeds there are some limitations.

Large breeds of aggressor fish themselves will attack the scalar. You can try to hook up to them fish that can quickly hide, for which our representatives of the Tsikhlovyhs will be dangerous only at night.

Based on the foregoing, these angel pets are compatible with:

  • catfish;
  • pseudotrophy;
  • danios who need to be able to dodge and quickly hide;
  • specialty partners;
  • Labo and tetra, if you grow them together.

In short, everything in relation to the compatibility of different breeds of fish is relative. Scalaria of the cichl breed. A priori, this means that it is a predator for which every small fish is food. And any larger fish with the same predatory inclinations will not miss the opportunity to pat the delicate antennae of scalar. Probably, it makes sense, buying this cichlid, to negotiate with the seller about the possibility of its return to the pet store in case of such incompatibility.

What is the temperature of the water like scalar?

Scalaria (lat. Pterophyllun scalare) is one of the most popular aquarium fish of the Cichlid family. Many species of this fish were removed from South American reservoirs, while others were bred by breeding one or more forms. The common angelfish is perhaps an example of a classic aquarium fish - a disc-shaped body shape, tall and slightly short, with lush sail-like fins. At first glance, it is not so easy to keep such a pet in an aquarium, but this opinion is wrong. They have a peaceful nature, non-aggressive. They can settle different types of fish of the same calm and medium in size: discus, festivals, crayfish, gourami.


It so happens that novice aquarists acquire a scalar without learning the main rules for caring for them. Run into a new aquarium, where the biological balance of the environment has not stabilized. Improper temperature, high acidity, hard water will quickly ruin the health of the angelfish. The presence of nitrates, nitrites, ammonia, and non-evaporated chlorine in water also negatively affects the quality of life of pets. With the fluctuations of such substances the scalars can not cope. This also applies to the parameters of the water in the spawning aquarium, where you have to follow the rules of keeping producers and their brood.

Watch the video story about the content of the scalar.

Therefore, it is important for scalar to maintain a temperature regime. As endemics of tropical freshwater, they are accustomed to warm water. Lowering the temperature of the aquatic environment leads to lethargy, disease, and, as a consequence, death. Hypothermia or too high a temperature is also harmful, as well as a sudden change of water to a new one. To maintain a full life of a pet, it is necessary to regulate the temperature of the water in the aquarium constantly.

Allowable temperature threshold for fish

Angelfish came to us from the warm-water rivers of South America, where heat reigns, so a heating system should be installed in the aquarium. The permissible minimum water temperature is 24 degrees Celsius, the maximum is 30 degrees. Overheating is undesirable, heat accelerates metabolic processes in the body, it quickly wears out and grows old. However, some types of scalar need temperatures above 27 degrees (black scalar), and 30 degrees when spawning. Increased to spawning speed up the process of ripening eggs.


The optimum temperature in the aquarium will provide sufficient space. The tighter the tank, the faster it heats up the water. The more fish live in it, the less free space to find a cooler corner. The flow of water should be average, many plants will provide them comfort.

The tank should be in a quiet, lighted place, so that no loud sounds or sudden movements in the room would come to it. Stress leads to a loss of bright color. Place with direct sunlight is not suitable. Lighting LB lamps provide the desired light and temperature.


Sudden fluctuations in water temperature should not occur. Short-term lowering of the fish will survive, but such a risk can lead to hypothermia. When replacing water, it is necessary to ensure that the level to be maintained so that the new water matches the old one.

Conclusions: in the general aquarium, the optimal temperature threshold for scalars is 24-30 degrees Celsius. Water should not get very hot and cool. Make every effort to prevent sudden changes in all parameters of the environment.

See how to quickly calibrate aquarium thermometer.

Temperature in the spawning aquarium for scalar

Angelfish begin to multiply with a gradual increase in water temperature in spawning. Temperature from 27 to 28 degrees - optimal for breeding almost all types of scalar. With her, the eggs will ripen faster, and the fry in such water will develop comfortably. Within a few weeks, the male and female will get used to the new parameters that will encourage spawning.After 2 weeks they will produce eggs on the surface of a stone or a plant. A few more days, the roe will ripen, then the fry will hatch. Unfortunately, at low temperature, the roe slowly ripens, or the larvae of the fry never appear. To avoid this, make measurements to water with a special thermometer. Having raised the temperature a little, some fry of an angelfish will be born.

Choosing Aquarium Neighbors for Angelfish

Angelfish are peaceful aquarium fish, which in some countries are called "angel fish". As representatives of the Cichlid family, they still possess the predator instinct. Is scalar compatibility with other fish possible? This is a controversial issue, since even schematically acceptable compatibility can end in disrepair for any aquarium fish. If you grow an angelfish with other fish, starting at a young age, they will get along in the future.

The main rule is not to settle them with predatory, fast and aggressive fish and those smaller in size. Who fits in the mouth, those scalar will eat. The compatibility of these aquatic organisms with: catfish, pseudotrophy, danios, petillia, labo and tetras has been proven. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the species compatibility table, which does not guarantee a peaceful settlement in one aquarium, but gives an idea of ​​who the scalars usually get along with.

Also the maintenance of this fish is permissible with those who will ignore its bright appearance, not to wag the fins. The first time after the launch of the fish in the tank, follow their behavior. If there are quarrels, fights, other forms of rivalry, immediately settle the roommates. Consider buying an additional tank.

Compatibility table: scalar and other types

What species do these pets live in peacefully? In order to avoid mistakes in the settlement, should be considered their compatibility with other fish. As a rule, they are livable with many peaceful species, however there are exceptions to the rules.

Look at the common aquarium with scalar.

Barbusses are small fish that strive to pinch the beautiful fins of any neighbors, be it scalaries or other beauties. Sometimes they live peacefully, but Sumatra barbs, cherry barbs, tiger barbs can constantly wipe beautiful cichlid angels. They demonstrate their superiority, and play catch-up, or hide-and-seek, which leads to stress. No shelter or relocation is indispensable. Barbus even though pretty creatures, but too annoying. In addition to them, even gourami, guppies or labo can become strongly unbelted.

Cichlids from Africa and South America - although they are close relatives of the angelfish, they can show territorial aggression and predatory behavior. Cichlids are single fish, or "family men," not many breeders manage to keep them in peace and harmony with other aquatic creatures. The scalar is uncomfortable with them, so the settlement is possible only with individual compatibility, which is checked at a young age.

The cockerels are good neighbors for small cichlids. Can live by themselves. Male males often conflict with each other than with other fish. One caveat - during spawning, the female and male scalar are aggressive to cockerels, if there is no place to move everyone, arrange additional shelters in the tank.

Somiki corridor - almost all of them live without conflicts and claims, the scalar is also no exception. Somiki live in the lower layers of water, scalars - in the middle. Each other can be ignored without interfering with living and eating.

Danio - if the fish grew together, very well. If danios are settled as new neighbors, they will be taken for food. It will not be possible to eat everyone, they will arrange unpleasant endurance tests, proving their superiority. Danio swims in the upper layers of the water, and the scalar well they get. You can install a lot of undergrowth, shelters, a spacious tank so that everyone hides. For small fish, constant stress is extremely harmful, so take a look at how cichlids react.

Goldfish - so luxurious fish can be maintained with a commensurate Karpov. And with the scalar content is unlikely to be successful. Goldfish live in cool water, and cichlids live in warm water. In addition, goldfish and scalar are incompatible in nature - a more active cichlid will tear off the fins of such a neighbor. And another important factor is that goldfish quickly pollute the water, while cichlids love cleanliness.

Guppies are small ornamental fish. Get used to scalars from a young age. But when matured, cichlids can harm guppies. In adults, the predator instincts wake up, which is extremely unpleasant for guppies - it is small, bright and beautiful. If the question arises - where are the guppies gone? The answer is obvious - they were eaten by scalar.

Can I keep in an aquarium with gourami? Quite, gourami are non-conflict fishes that can stand up for themselves. Rarely, territorial disputes arise between gouras and these cichlids, but they can be avoided if there is space for swimming and shelter for all fish.

Look at the confrontation of gourami and scalar.

Mollies are viviparous fishes of colorful color. Content with cichlids of this species will be successful if they grow together. Sometimes mollies gnaw the scalar fins. Over time, they get used to each other, but in case of prolonged conflicts they are better kept separately.

Thorns are small omnivorous fish. Naturally, the scalars will be perceived ambiguously, or rather, as food. According to the conditions of detention each other fit, they eat almost the same food. But terration may be physically affected by the harassment of cichlids. Compatibility can be called relative, because for sure there have been cases where ternation and scalar have gotten along. However, terntions are small hydrobionts, large neighbors are dangerous to them.

Discus - these aquarium fish can be good companions for cichlids. The scalar and discus have similar conditions and diet. Even their body shape is a bit identical - and discus and it is difficult for scalars to collect food from the bottom due to disc-shaped symmetry. Therefore, they and others will be able to eat with a special feeder. The differences between them are discus fish flocks, they feel comfortable in a flock of 5-6 individuals, and the scalars swim in a pair, they love a wide space. Having a large tank for both types will be a big plus.

Compatible with mollusks and crustaceans

Snails are not indifferent to the environment clams. Eat everything they see. This does not apply to fish that attack them themselves. However, due to carelessness, the snails launched into the reservoir ate fish eggs. If there is one, the snail needs to be relocated, at least for a while.

As for crustaceans - crustaceans and shrimps, they and tsikhlovye may well cohabit, phlegmatically ignoring each other. Shrimps and crustaceans will not touch the angelfish, because it is a big fish. But the shrimp themselves are not harmless, they are natural predators. Amano shrimp and Macrobenchium tsikhlidki can not offend, but still watch for a start, what they live together. Also, Amano and Macrobenchium shrimps should be settled with scalars in a common aquarium from a young age. Young tsikhlovy fishes are more livable, than adults.

Aquarium shrimp can attack a sick angelfish - they feel weak, so wounds, scratches on the body of scaly ones are formed through the fault of a small creature. There were precedents that a large shrimp finished off and actually ate the weakened fish. Therefore, watch out for all pets carefully, so that everyone will stay alive and healthy.

If you like scalar, look at the scalp Leopold.

What fish do the angelfish get on with in the aquarium?

To date, the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities. But for a beginner aquarist it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants. Many newcomers love the angelfish for their beauty and grace, combined with leisure. However, for the content in the aquarium is not the easiest fish. An important factor is the knowledge - with whom the scalar live well.

Characteristic view

Angelfish are a very common type of aquarium fish belonging to the tsikhlovyh family. Almost every amateur - aquarist can see these colorful, very graceful fish. The birthplace of the angelfish is South America, namely, calm, often standing bodies of water with dense vegetation.

In appearance, these are rather large fish, wild individuals have a fairly calm color of silver with black stripes. Their body is flattened in the form of a crescent. The nature of this color and body shape were provided as a defensive reaction: the dark stripes allow you to be invisible among underwater plants, the flat shape allows you to quickly and smoothly maneuver between them.


But the great advantage of this type of fish is that they are rather successfully and multifacetedly modified in the process of selection. So there were leopard, diamond, zebra, marble, gold and many other types of these fish. Their size is very large, about 15 centimeters, but may be more. The life expectancy of an angelfish is up to 10 years, but with good care this period of time can increase significantly.

Some features

To feed they are quite unpretentious, they feed on all its varieties. It is better to choose food that does not sink, since the angelfish mostly float near the surface, and will not collect it from the bottom. You need to feed 2-3 times a day. Do not overfeed in any case, as they are prone to obesity. This may lead to the impossibility of reproduction. It is useful even to arrange a fasting day for them once a week.

Another undoubted advantage is the affordable price of scalar, their relative simplicity in content, high probability of reproduction. These fabulously beautiful fish willingly get along with a lot of other representatives of the underwater world.

It should be borne in mind that the scalar is a predatory fish, therefore, almost all small fishes settled to it will be perceived as food. And for larger fish of the predator family, the scalar herself can become an object of hunting. Especially if you take into account its slowness when combined with a calm character. Another point is to move neighbors to these fish better from a young age; if they grow up together, they can coexist peacefully throughout their lives.

List of good neighbors

Let's look at what kind of fish can live with scalars in an aquarium?

  1. SomicsPractically all get along with these calm and sluggish fishes. Somiks are bottom dwellers, the angelfish simply will not notice them, since they absolutely do not care for the aquarium bottom. These fish live well together in the aquarium.
  2. CichlidsAlthough they belong to the same species, the ideal symbiosis is not always obtained. It would seem, relatives, what should they share? But the thing is that in contrast to the scalar, other representatives are more nimble and more aggressive. Most often, fights occur because of a place at the trough. There is a high probability of a certain confrontation between stronger fish from different schools in the aquarium.
  3. Barbusses.Very often it is advised to move the barbs. This is quite justified, they live well together. But there are several points: the temper of the barbs is significantly different, they are more active, they can easily leave scalar without lunch. Also because of their activity, these fish can offend calmer cichlids, and sometimes even manage to bite off their fins. Therefore, when you obselenie need to carefully observe their behavior.
  4. Gourami.These fish are also quite large in size and, together with the scalars, create a beautiful composition in the general aquarium. But you need to settle them together from the young age, then problems should not arise. Otherwise, you can not count the representatives of both species.
  5. Danio.It is believed that danios can easily coexist with scalars. Yes, it is possible. But it is possible that in the absence of light, scalaries can easily open up a hunt for them with the purpose of eating. Although danios are not that simple either. If this happens, they develop a reflex, and with the onset of the night the fish in the aquarium hide closer to the bottom.

See how the pink angelfish and danios get along together perfectly.

  1. PequillyExcellent live in the same aquarium. Angelfish more often than not just notice the representatives of this species. Therefore, these fish will be excellent neighbors.
  2. The irisFully compatible, when taken into account, if they grow with scalars since childhood. Although sometimes you can miss a pair of iris in an aquarium.
  3. GuppyWith varieties of guppies, scalars can get along, but they can - not. If they are lodged together with fry, then most likely they will be quite comfortable. But of course, newborn fry will be eaten by angelfish. But it is worth remembering that adult guppies are also sinning this way, so this is not an indicator for separate coexistence in an aquarium.
  4. NeonsThey can live together, since neons live mainly on the bottom, for cichlids they are invisible, but if they often catch the eye, then these predators can easily get a grudge like very small fish.
  5. Labo and tetras.It is believed that the union is quite possible if these little fish have grown together.
  6. Pseudotropheus.In practice, they showed good livability with scalars, but nevertheless there were cases when pseudo-feitas gnawed fins on other fish. So you need to observe their behavior in the aquarium.

Compatibility probability

Such fish as goldfish, piranhas, discus, and astronotus will not be suitable for scalar neighbors.


In general, it is impossible to claim perfect compatibility with any particular species. It is difficult to give a guarantee on what fish this or that species will live well with. Each fish has its own character, temperament, behavior. Therefore, it is impossible to predict how they will behave in any given situation. When purchasing neighbors to already living individuals for your aquarium, it is better to agree with the store in advance about a possible return if an incompatibility occurs.

Watch closely for the behavior of the fish during the day. Just in case, prepare a place in an additional aquarium or a container with water in order to separate the fighters in time.

Look at the common aquarium with scalar.

Instead of conclusion

Important conditions of detention. If the aquarium is spacious, there are enough secluded places for smaller fish, and the fish feed regularly and balancedly, then there are fewer reasons for aggression, each species simply lives its own life. Try to create the most favorable conditions for the inhabitants of your aquarium. In this case, they will please you, have a positive effect on health and emotional state, prevent the appearance of neurosis and depression, and also help your children to develop.

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