Glass aquarium do it yourself
Standard glass aquarium can be purchased at any pet store. But if you are sure that you can make it yourself, you should try using the necessary details and instructions. There are cases when it is inconvenient to transport a bulky product, especially over long distances - for sure it will be damaged.
Selection of materials for construction
To make an aquarium with your own hands, you will need the following tools and materials:
- Aquarium silicate glue;
- Gun with glue dispenser;
- Glass cutting file;
- Painting tape;
- Centimeter or ruler;
- Porous sponge 2 pcs .;
- Rag from natural fabric.
Now you need to decide what type of glass is suitable for the manufacture of structures. First of all, pay attention to the thickness of the product. When water is poured into the tank, all parts are installed, they will exert considerable pressure on the bottom and walls. In a large container, the glass thickness should be several centimeters more. If the width of the glass is insufficient, any mechanical damage will result in cracking and leakage.
Aquarium 50 cm long and 30 cm high should have a glass thickness of 5-8 mm. When gluing large capacity (100 cm to 60 cm), you will need a glass width of 10 mm. If you choose organic glass, you must apply the same calculations. Few people make their own plexiglass aquarium. The reason - its rapid turbidity, low quality. During the cleaning of algae with a scraper, noticeable damage is formed on the walls of the tank.
You also need to choose glass with great care. The recommended material is M1, which does not contain any impurities or microscopic air bubbles. Glasses of this type are often used when installing store windows. Then pay attention to the choice of glue. Superglue "Moment" does not fit - it is too toxic. Give preference to silicone aquarium glue. It is harmless and airtight. Check with the seller that it is made specifically for mounting aquarium glass and other hard surfaces. Do not buy cheap brands of glue, they are unlikely to be of high quality.
See how to make an aquarium with your own hands.
The first stages of manufacturing the structure
It is impossible to make an aquarium with your own hands without the use of tools, but if they are found, you have high chances. Rectangular glass container is prepared in stages. First you need to prepare the glass parts.
- You can make an aquarium with a volume of 20 liters. Successfully obtained designs volume of 50 liters. Professional masters can make 500-800 liter tanks, but the skill is gained with experience. Measure the glass for the bottom, end walls, rear and front sides. The edges of the glasses should not be ground.
- The product plan must be designed in such a way that the bottom of the tank is inside the vertical walls of glass. Silicone glue fastens better for stretching.
- All parts of the glass near the areas where the line will be glued, you need to glue on both sides with stripes of masking tape. Its edges should recede from the edge of the wall or bottom at the level of 5-6 mm. This will prevent the sealant from contaminating the glass during bonding. Plots of the future joint must be treated with acetone for degreasing.
- Apply a few drops of silicone around the perimeter of the bottom glass. After a few hours, cut it so that the frozen silicone was 1-2 mm thick. Points will be visible that determine the thickness of the glue seam. Avoid adhering the glass parts so that under pressure from the sides and the load, there is no damage.
- After that, gluing should be carried out on a table covered with plastic wrap. Attach and glue the front wall. So that she could not fall down, put props on both sides.
- With your own hands, squeeze out the aquarium silicone gradually so that the seam comes out of a uniform layer. Then attach and seal the end glass. Fix it with the masking tape against the front wall. Similarly, glue the second end glass, and the back wall. Carefully clean up the remaining amount of sealant with a sponge or a cloth dampened with water.
- After 2-2.5 hours, apply an additional ball of silicone glue to the joints to ensure the strength of the structure. After another 60 minutes, remove the masking tape, and evenly clean the seams with a razor blade.
Further, you need to arrange stiffeners with your own hands. They can be made from samples of the same type of glass with a width of 6-10 cm. Glue the ribs in the upper part of the vertical walls. The ribs with a length of 4-6 cm shorter from the length of each wall can provide uniform pressure over the entire surface. This stage is relevant for spacious tanks. After 24 hours, you can test the glued container under pressure. If no leaks are noticed, then the aquarium, made by hand, can be considered ready.
This method of bonding can be used in the manufacture of enlarged aquariums. But here you need to stock up on thicker glass, stiffeners at the top and bottom, as well as a system for fixing vertical walls when gluing the corner clamps. After the carried out manipulations, it is possible to build in aquarian designs.
Depending on the type of equipment used, holes should be made in the bottom or in the side wall, and short nipples should be glued in there. You can carefully cut off the necks from the glass bottles, insert them into the holes with the edge of the neck out, and hermetically fix with silicone glue in diameter. Hoses from external equipment are put on adapters made by hand.
How to make a tank cover
Aquarium cover with your own hands can be made of organic glass, plastic or silicate glass. Note the size of your new aquarium. Nowadays, the most popular cover material is PVC, or polyvinyl chloride (foam).
See how to make a cover for the aquarium with your own hands.
If you have a small tank aquarium, then the cover can be made of construction plastic with a thickness of 3-5 mm. But it is not recommended to lay on the glass. That is, initially it is necessary to prepare the sides of plastic, cut strips along the length of the walls with a width of 6-10 cm. This will be the height of the side. The frame can be glued with resin or plastic glue. The corner joint is reinforced with a glued metal corner. Then the cover can be mounted on the aquarium.
A good method of attaching the bumpers to the upper part of the container is obtained by means of a PVC cable channel. On both sides of the channel there are grooves where you need to insert both the walls of the tank and the lengths of the rim. Therefore, it must be selected in accordance with the thickness of the glass. All lines of the joint must be sealed with silicone glue.
Then attach the hinges to the rear edge to raise the cover. Hinges can be either glued or bolted together. In the plastic surface of the cover you need to make a square hole so that it is captured and lifted. Through this hole you will feed the fish. If you notice that the plastic bends, in the inner surface, along its length it is worth making a gain with a light corner of aluminum. The resulting corner will be mounting for lighting lamps.
In order to quietly go into the aquarium all the wiring and hoses from the equipments, at the stage of gluing the frame, carefully cut the holes in the side of the rim. This is done with a drill. You can make the same holes on the opposite side to improve ventilation inside the tank. After this stage, you can install aquarium equipment, and fix lighting fixtures inside the cover.
Light bulbs for lighting is recommended to choose in advance. New types - LED and fluorescent, in which the power of 0.4-0.5 watts per liter of water. The spectrum of light should depend on the type of fish and plants that will settle in the pond. It is not recommended to install a lot of incandescent bulbs with tungsten filament. They heat the water too much, which can lead to a deterioration of the condition of all living creatures. Lamps must be under special protective glass. If you wish, you can decorate the aquarium cover with your own hands, using a self-adhesive film. The resulting product will be much cheaper.
How to make an aquarium with your own hands?
If you carefully examine any rectangular aquarium, you can understand its simple design. In principle, this is an ordinary container made of pieces of glass. Make such a capacity is quite capable of a person who knows how to handle household tools. There are, however, some rules and subtleties that need to be known before work begins.
Acquisition of a finished aquarium of almost any form does not pose a problem: in pet stores their choice is quite large. At the same time, there are quite a lot of aquarists who independently make containers for ornamental fish at home.
There are various reasons for this. For example, a fish owner lives in a rural area, and transporting a large glass structure from the nearest city pet store can be quite problematic. Someone makes glued houses for aquatic life for sale. But most often the meaning of self-production of this item is the joy of creativity and the desire to save money the family budget.
Materials for work
Making an aquarium with your own hands requires the following tools and materials:
- special silicate glue;
- glue dispenser (so-called gun);
- glass cutter;
- masking tape;
- ruler or tape measure;
- rags from natural fabric.
The choice of glass for the aquarium
Especially it is necessary to dwell on the issue of quality and thickness of glass. In working condition, the bottom and walls of the banks are under considerable water pressure. Consequently, with increasing capacity, glass thickness should also increase.
For example, for a small aquarium with a length of 50 cm and a height of 30 cm, you should choose a glass with a thickness of at least 5 millimeters. And when you need to glue a large jar (1 m to 0.6 m, for example), you need a 10-mm glass.
If organic glass is chosen as the material for the walls, then the same calculations should be followed. However, master aquarists rarely work with Plexiglas, so it quickly becomes cloudy, and when cleaning the walls from algae visible scratches appear on it.
There is a requirement for the grade of glass. In our case, it is necessary to choose the material of the highest grade M1, without impurities and microscopic air bubbles inside. Glass of this brand is usually used in shop windows.
When choosing the appropriate adhesive, preference is given to a special silicone sealant for aquariums. You need to make sure that it is harmless to living organisms. Save on silicone should not be. Many aquarists recommend KNAUF 881 German sealant or Soudal Silirub Aquarium.
Making the simplest glue aquarium
It is impossible to make a round aquarium on your own without special professional equipment, but almost every home artist can make a rectangular jar.
Preparation of glass parts
After careful measurement, glass for the bottom, front and back sides, end walls are cut out. The edges of the glass need not be ground to ensure better adhesion to the sealant.
It is recommended to plan in advance so that the bottom of the aquarium is inside the vertical walls. The fact is that silicone sealant works very well for stretching.
All the glass parts around the places where the gluing will be done are glued on both sides with strips of painting tape, the edge of which should retreat 5-6 mm from the edge of the wall or bottom.
It is necessary that the glass does not get dirty in the process of applying sealant. Future docking sites should be degreased with acetone or white spirit.
Working with glue
Around the perimeter of the bottom glass, you need to put a few drops of silicone, wait 2-3 hours and cut so that the frozen glue was 1-2 millimeters thick. The peculiar beacons that determine the thickness of the glue line are obtained. It is very important that the glass parts do not touch each other in order to avoid breakage under the influence of load and lateral pressure.
Further gluing is performed on a hard surface covered with polyethylene. The front wall is attached and glued. So that it does not collapse, you need to put props on both sides.
Silicone is extruded evenly to the seam turned out the same thickness. Then end glass is attached and sealed. In relation to the front wall, it must be fixed with masking tape. In the same way glued second end glass and rear wall. Remains of excess sealant gently cleaned with a sponge or a damp cloth.
After about 2 hours, it is recommended to put another layer of silicone on the joints to ensure the safety margin. An hour later, the masking tape can be removed, and then the seams should be carefully cleaned with a razor blade.
Before you continue reading, watch the video tutorial, where the ways of gluing aquarium glasses are detailed:
The device of stiffeners will also be useful. They are made of strips of the same glass with a width of 6-10 centimeters and are glued in the upper part of the vertical walls.
The ribs, which should be 4-6 cm shorter than the length of each wall, provide uniform pressure of water on the entire surface. This measure is particularly relevant for large tanks.After a day you can experience glued can under load. If there are no leaks, then the aquarium is ready.
By this principle, you can glue an aquarium of increased volume. Naturally, this will require thicker glass, stiffeners at the top and bottom, as well as a system for fixing vertical walls when gluing with, for example, corner clamps.
How to build aquarium accessories?
Depending on the equipment used (false bottom, external aquarium filter, etc.), you need to cut holes in the side wall or bottom and glue short connections to them in the bottom.
Some craftsmen neatly cut off the necks from glass bottles, insert them into the openings with the edge of the neck out and seal her around the circumference with silicone. Subsequently, these self-made adapters easily fit the hoses of external life support devices.
Cover for aquarium do it yourself
The material for this important element can serve as plexiglass, simple silicate glass, plastic. It all depends on the size of the tank.
With the advent of new building materials, home craftsmen began to abandon heavy Plexiglas and began to use foamed polyvinyl chloride to create an aquarium cover, or more simply PVC panels.
Making frame cover
If the aquarium is small, the cover can also be made of ordinary building plastic with a thickness of at least 3 mm. In any case, it can not be put on the glass. Therefore, you first need to make the bead of the same plastic, cutting the strip along the length of the walls with a width of 6-10 cm. This will be the height of the bead.
The frame is glued with resin or special glue for plastic. The corner joint is better strengthened with a metal corner (also glued).
Fastening the cover to the aquarium
An interesting way to fasten the sides to the top of the can was invented by craftsmen: using PVC cable channel.
On both sides of the cable channel has grooves, which are inserted into the walls of the aquarium, and segments of the bead, so it should immediately be chosen under the appropriate thickness of glass. All joints should be smeared with silicone.
Hinges are attached to the tailgate to lift the lid. They can either be glued or bolted together. In the plastic surface of the roof is a square slot for its capture and lifting. Fish feed is also fed through this hole.If the plastic bends, then from the inside along the entire length it should be reinforced with a light aluminum corner. This corner will be at the same time fastening for lamps.
So that the wires and hoses go inside the aquarium space, at the stage of gluing the frame, holes are carefully cut in the side of the board. This can be done with a wide drill in wood. Some owners of ornamental fish drill the same holes in the opposite side, which contributes to better ventilation of aqua.
We build in lighting
Each aquarist chooses lamps to his own taste, but many craftsmen advise purchasing fluorescent lamps with a light transmission coefficient of at least 60 Ra. The presence of this technical indicator should be clarified in the store.
If desired, the outer part of the cover can be decorated to your taste with a self-adhesive film. The cover for the aquarium is ready.
Why do I need to make an aquarium myself, if it can be freely purchased at a pet store or in a bird market? Creative people can precisely answer this question, the pride of which are hand-made things. In addition, the cash costs of self-manufacturing glass containers for fish is almost half the cost of the finished product.
Video with instructions on how to make an aquarium with your own hands: