Aquarium

Content of gourami in an aquarium

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CARE CONTENT

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type of: Chord;

Class: Ray fish;

Squad: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Rod: Trichogaster;

International scientific name: Trichogaster Blochet Schneider, 1801;

Other names: Gourami, Trichogaster, Colisa, Sphaerichthys, Sferichtis, Colise, Khelostomy, Trichogaster, Nitenos.

Gurash are one of the popular inhabitants of our aquariums, despite their size, admires the gurash with its plasticity, it is especially interesting to look at them when they rise up, from the bottom of the aquarium and down, from the top of the luminous lamp as the race for the female is another sight to contemplate can be infinite.

Gurashi have labyrinth breathing, that is, they can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth, so they do not have to supply oxygen. The body reaches 10 to 12 cm in length and looks pretty impressive, these fish are not picky in feeding, they include almost all food, live, dry and vegetable, eaten both from the top of the aquarium and from the bottom, soma is shocked.

Two weeks without food, it’s not a problem at all for them, they endure a hunger strike with a bang in my opinion. They need at least 100 liters to complete the joy of life, but the individual is still quite large, as for compatibility, then gurashs are generally peaceful but during spawning they become aggressive, driving other inhabitants of the aquarium into a corner, but it does not come to the slaughter.

Well, that's the most interesting reproduction of gurash , in general, an aquarium from 30 to 40 liters is recommended for these purposes, well, I have 12 liters spawning perfectly in the spawning ... In general, they often say one thing, but you see something else, I even tried it in a bucket, but the female refused to give a cut so that the male chased her.

Distinguish female from male gourami can be on the upper fin, the male, he is longer and longer. The male and female do not differ in size, closer to spawning in females is a more rounded belly, and so the breeding process. We set up an aquarium, we place a male in it, then we feed the female a little bit with a very bloodworm, after a day the male will build a nest of small bubbles, the temperature in the aquarium is 28 degrees, then a spawn will happen next day and the spawn will be seen, the female should In any case, it is necessary to remove it as soon as the first fry appear, all this time it will carefully watch the caviar.

Compatible with other aquarium fish

Gourami are well compatible with scalars, barbs, danios, battles and mollies, Pelicia, catfish, iridescent races, labo, swordtails, tetras.
Limited compatible with discus and eel, guppy and shrimp.
Incompatible with cockerels, cichlids, goldfish, Koi carps, astronotus.

The most irreconcilable opponents for gourami are:

  • Goldfish,
  • Carps Koi,
  • Cichlids
  • Petus,
  • Astronotus,
  • Parrots
  • Labidochromis,
  • Pseudotropheus.

It is difficult to get along our heroes with:

  • Guppy,
  • Shrimp
  • Discussions.
  • Fish gourami - calm, peaceful, unpretentious. They themselves do not enter into conflicts, preferring to hide wherever they may be in plants. But very small fish or fry may well be perceived as food. Their movements are slow, smooth. Some species of aquarium fish, such as barbs, swordtails, can terrorize them by pulling filamentous fins. Such neighbors are best avoided.
  • An aquarium for keeping gourami is needed not very large, from 40 liters. The soil is desirable dark, the lighting is bright. In this case, your pets will get the most vivid color. Live plants should be planted in groups, leaving room for swimming. The presence of floating plants is obligatory, since even in the general aquarium among them, a male with gurus can start to cost a nest. Most of these fish species are not demanding for the amount of oxygen. If the aquarium has aeration of water, then it should not create strong currents. In their natural environment, these inhabitants of the aquarium are accustomed to stagnant water. Gourami fish prefer to swim in the middle or upper layer of water.
  • The temperature in the aquarium with their content should be in the range of 24-28 degrees. The composition of water in most cases is not critical. Gourami can eat almost any kind of food - live, frozen, dry, and additionally eat vegetable food. The only thing to consider is the small size of the mouth; they can choke on too large food.
  • If you need to go on vacation or a business trip, then adult fish may well endure a hunger strike for 1-2 weeks. Life expectancy in an aquarium with good care can reach 5-7 years.

    Types of gourami

    Currently, there are a lot of species of gourami.

    Here it is simply difficult to list them all, therefore only the most famous species are listed:

    • pearl;
    • chocolate;
    • marble;
    • lunar;
    • dwarf;
    • nagging
    • honey;
    • spotted;
    • brown;
    • ordinary;
    • Sumatran;
    • gold;
    • blue;
    • kissing
    • kissing pink.

    Gourami marble

    Gourami marble - aquarium fish obtained by crossing the spotted and blue gourami. Its color resembles polished marble. The fish is large, calm and peaceful. Her majestic slow movements calm and pacify the observer, no matter how stormy his past day may be.

  • The view is unpretentious. Does not need constant aeration of water, which makes it suitable for keeping in an aquarium located in the bedroom, as there is no noise from the compressor. A peaceful disposition makes it possible to contain it with many other species. And the endurance and unpretentiousness of the marble pets allow recommending it to budding lovers. A couple of gourai fishes can be kept in a container for 15-20 liters about 40 centimeters long. But it is better to keep in an oblong aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters or more. In this capacity you can keep 6 - 7 fish. The aquarium must be covered with a lid, or at least glass. The distance from the surface of the water to the glass is about 5 to 8 centimeters. This is necessary because the fish breathe atmospheric air. And if the air in the room has a temperature much lower than water, then picking up this cold air, they can catch a cold.

    As the soil, you can use small pebbles, granite chips, coarse river sand and even quarry seeding. It is desirable that the soil was a dark shade on which the color of the fish will greatly benefit. At the bottom it is advisable to arrange a small shelter of large stones or shards of pottery flower pots.

    Plants should form fairly dense thickets along the rear and side windows. You can use cryptocoryne, peristolistviknik, rogolniknik, elodeyu, vallisneriya. On the surface should float plants such as reach, duckweed, pistia.

    You can feed gourami with almost any kind of live, dry and frozen feed. Bloodworm, shaker, scrape meat, scalded chopped lettuce and dandelion leaves. A hungry pet, like many other types of labyrinth fish, is very quickly able to deal with parasites that have entered the aquarium with food, such as hydras, planarians. Just as quickly they will reduce the population of snails. He will cope with this no worse than the macropod, but he will not have to plant fish.

    When breeding gurashi, one should keep in mind that interspecific crossing occurs relatively easily. However, the color of hybrids, as a rule, is worse than that of pure lines. Therefore, it is advisable not to allow crossing, for example, marble with goosesticks with pearl.

  • Approximately a week before the intended spawning, males are deposited from the females and are fed abundantly by the producers with live food. Spawning is usually done in pairs, but since not every male is able to fertilize the spawn, they sometimes practice group spawning. But in this case the aquarium should be of sufficient size so that the males do not fight among themselves for the territory.

Reproduction gourami: what should I look for?

Males gourami monogamous, so each of them in the aquarium should have about 2-3 females. The ideal is a flock of 12-15 individuals, which from time to time need to be transplanted into a separate aquarium. This is done so that the female can calmly spawn, and the male - to fertilize her. Of course, gourami are quite unpretentious and can breed in the general aquarium, but there are cases when females refuse to spawn and die in the end.

Therefore, it is best to transplant a couple in a separate aquarium, long and shallow. It is important that its bottom is densely planted with low algae. However, they should not grow chaotically, but with "beds", between which it will be most convenient for females to spawn. Pottery shards and various decorative items should also be placed in an artificial breeding ground. They can be an excellent refuge for the female, which, during the period of spawning, can be attacked by a male, often showing aggression.

In gourami, the head of the family is rightfully considered to be a male, therefore after that As the eggs are swept away, the female must be returned to the general aquarium. The male remains to look after the future offspring and does so with special care. From the moment of spawning until the appearance of fry, no more than 48 hours pass, and during this period the male should be provided with the most comfortable conditions. The aquarium should be well lit, water - at the level of + 24-25 degrees.

These requirements must be met, as the fastidious papa-gourami can easily destroy the fertilized eggs, if he feels that the created conditions are not particularly favorable for the little ones. After the appearance of fry, the male gourami should also be returned to the general aquarium, since it can show aggression towards the offspring.

Fry are fattened by infusoria, which can be purchased at any specialty store. After about 2 months, the fry will grow up enough to join the “adult” family of gourami.

History gourami

The French scientist Pierre Carbonier dreamed of acclimatizing in France very interesting fish discovered in the tropics. Among them were wide-browed fish, constantly rising to the surface of the water and protruding the tip of the muzzle - gourami. However, they did not manage to get to Europe immediately. They were caught both in Thailand, in Vietnam, and on the islands of Malaysia, but the fish did not even survive the day and died.

In those days, the transportation of exotic fish was carried out in wooden barrels, filled to the top with water. During the voyage, the steamer often experienced rolling, and so that the water from the barrel, and with it the fish, did not fly overboard, the wooden circle was lowered onto the surface of the water in the barrel, so that it completely covered the surface. Few people knew about the features of the biology of labyrinth fish, although at this time in Paris, Carbonier studied and successfully spread out the macropod. Having no access to atmospheric air, the poor fish survived only until the end of loading the barrels onto the ship. After many unsuccessful attempts, they were categorized as problematic, and their distribution stopped for twenty years.

Eyewitnesses were perplexed: in nature, the capture of gourays was carried out in rain barrels, gutters, abandoned quarries with unthinkably dirty and muddy water - what did the fish lack during transportation ?! Only at the very end of the 19th century, a certain discerning European, watching the capricious creatures in a natural reservoir, noticed that fish periodically rise to the surface of the water behind an air bubble. On the advice of the Indonesian conductor, he filled the carrying capacity with water only two-thirds and did not seal them. As a result, several thousand immigrants were delivered to their destination without a single loss.

In foreign amateur aquariums, gurus appeared only from January 1896, but it came to us only in the summer of 1897 and, moreover, from two sources at once: from Matte from Berlin and from V.M. Desnitsky, who brought her straight from Singapore.

habitat

In nature, gourami live in Southeast Asia (Indochina and Malay Peninsulas, Kalimantan Islands, Sumatra and Java).

The pearly gourami Trichogasterleeri inhabit the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Borneo. Lunar gourami Trichogaster microlepis is found in Thailand and Cambodia, Serpentine gourami Trichogaster pectoralis in southern Vietnam, Cambodia and eastern Thailand. The spotted gourami Trichogaster trichopterus has a wide range - from India to the Malay Archipelago.

In different parts of this area there are many local forms that differ in coloring. In Sumatra, along with these forms, the blue gourami Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus dwells. The serpentine gourami, whose range approaches the oceanic shore opposite the island of Sri Lanka, has not moved to this island, however today it has mastered the Antilles reservoirs in Central America. Gourami are found both in stagnant and flowing waters, as well as in shallow streams, and in large rivers, and the spotted and brown gourami have mastered the tide zone and brackish estuarine waters.

VIDEO GURAMI

DESCRIPTION AND PHOTOS OF ALL SPECIES GURAMI.

BROWN HURAMS CONTENTS REPLACEMENT DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY FEEDING PHOTOS.

GROOMING GURAMI CONTENTS COMPATIBILITY BREEDING DESCRIPTION FEEDING PHOTOS.

CHOCOLATE HURAMES DESCRIPTION REPLENISHMENT FEEDING COMPATIBILITY PHOTO CONTENT.

MOON GURAMS DESCRIPTION CONTENTS REPLENISHMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO FEEDING.

Dwarf gurami CONTENTS DESCRIPTION REPLENISHMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.

KISSING GOURS CARE SPREADS PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION.

Gourami Marble: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami marble
Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.

Ph: 6,5-7,5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.

Compatibility Gourami marble: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Goura marble is a mutation of blue goura - an artificial selection form of goura blue. Big fish. Individuals of the species gourami marble in length can reach 13 cm. The body is oval, high, compressed laterally. Abdominal fins long, filiform. Anal fin wide. Marble body color: dark gray spots of irregular shape are located on a light gray background. Anal, dorsal and caudal fins dark gray, with numerous yellow specks. Pectoral fins clear, colorless. The male differs from the female by a narrower body, a bright color with elongated, more pointed dorsal and anal fins.

It is better to keep in a large aquarium with a volume of 40-50 liters. A couple of fish can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of 15 liters and a length of at least 40 cm.
Parameters of water, ideal for keeping the type of gourami marble: a temperature of about 24-28 degrees (withstands a significant decrease in water temperature in the aquarium, up to 16 "C.), a constant hardness of 10-20, an acidity level of 6.5-7.5. The bottom of the aquarium is placed dark ground of pebbles or gravel.You can arrange a few shelters at the bottom of large stones, shards from flower pots, koryag. . On the surface placed Ricci duckweed, Salvini, scribe. Aquarium placed in a bright, sunlit place. Top tank covered with a cover glass. It does not require aeration and filtration.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female gourami marble

You can determine the floor on the dorsal fin. The male gourami marbled dorsal fin is longer and pointed at the end, when the female is shorter and rounded.

It can be kept in a general aquarium with any peaceful fish: lyalius, spotted gouras, double-headed gouras, barbs, rassori, swordtails, catfish and others. Sexual maturity gourami marble reach in 6-8 months.

Photo selection of gourami marble

Popular video with gouram marble


Gourami - aquarium fish

For beginners in aquarium business, guppies, cardinals, swordtails or catfish are considered the most suitable. All these fish, of course, cute and unpretentious, but they do not cause much enthusiasm. If you want a bigger fish, but the colors are more original, pay attention to gourami. Despite their size and unusual appearance, it is easy to care for these fish, they eat almost everything and have a very pleasant friendly character.

Gourami in nature

Homeland of these fish are considered to be freshwater bodies of Southeast Asia with a slow current or stagnant water. They can be found on the Indochina Peninsula, Malay, the islands of Kalimantan, Java, Sumatra, in South Vietnam. And in different parts of the range, different forms of life live, which differ in color.

A bit of history

From Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia in Europe gourami did not get right away. At that time, all the fish were transported in wooden barrels filled to the top with water. The same ones died during transportation without having lived even a day. They could not find out the reason for a long time, because the water in which they were caught by gourams was very dirty and muddy. After numerous unsuccessful attempts at transportation, the traders considered the fish problematic and abandoned this occupation.

And only at the end of the 19th century, 20 years later, one observant European noticed that the fish regularly rise to the surface of the water and swallow air. This time the barrels of water were filled to the top and did not seal. So the fish finally overcame the ocean and got to Europe without loss. These were spotted gourami.

In Russia, they were only in 1912-1915. Today, the former popularity of gourami has faded, but they are still in demand. Perhaps due to the fact that breeders do not forget about them and display new color variations.


What do gurus look like?

These macropods have an oblong oval-shaped body. At length it is elongated, flattened at the sides. Pectoral fins filiform. From them to the tail is a solid lower fin. The dorsal and anal differ: in males, they are sharp and elongated, and in females they are short and rounded.

Coloring may be different, but spots and stripes are necessarily present. Natural color - light silver. The brighter the fish, the better its health.

As for the size of gourami, there are small individuals (4-5 cm) and there are small fish of medium size (about 10 cm). In the aquarium, the maximum size of these labyrinths can reach 15 cm. There is even a record - 35 cm!

Under good conditions, can live 5-7 years. There are also old-timers who have pleased their owners for 12 years.

These fish have amazing features that have appeared in the process of evolution: a labyrinth and an unusual organ of touch.

Labyrinth - this is an additional respiratory organ to the gills. It is located in the cavity above them and consists of the thinnest bone plates covered with a mucous membrane penetrated by a network of vessels. It develops only 2-3 weeks after hatching of larvae from caviar.

The labyrinth allows gourami to live in a small amount of water, in dirty water or even 6-8 hours without it. They must have the opportunity to rise to the surface and trap air, otherwise the fish will suffocate. This should be taken into account both when arranging an aquarium and when transporting pets.

Pelvic fins in the form of threads that gourami use for touch. In muddy and overgrown reservoirs, they can navigate easily.

Species diversity

The most famous representatives of these macropods are as follows:

Common (Spotted). The body is bluish or golden with a barely visible spotted pattern, not more than 13 cm long. There are black specks on the side and tail, pearls on the fins. Very peaceful and able to get along with all other species. They are the progenitors of marble.

Marble. Derived by breeding. Body length does not exceed 12 cm. In the back of the body there are spots of irregular shape in black.

Pearl. Their bodies are long (11 cm) and tall with a silver-violet color. The specks resemble pearls. There is a dark stripe along the whole body.

Grumbling. They make sounds like pigeon cooing.

Honey. They have the color of honey, which during spawning changes to red. By nature calm, but cowardly. In length grow no more than 7 cm.

Golden (sunny). Yellow-orange body with barely noticeable stripes no longer than 8 cm. Fins in red and yellow specks. On the tail is a red or dark rim.

Blue. Do not have spots on the body.

Kissing (pink). Their feature - thick lips, directly on which the teeth are located. Called so for the peculiarity of behavior - touch their mouths.

Flying tiger. They look very unusual due to the wings (growths) on the body.

There are many other varieties: chocolate, moon, dwarf, brown, Sumatran, rainbow, etc.

Who to choose as neighbors?

When choosing companions for gourami, it is worth considering their rather big size and temperament, namely non-aggressiveness, slowness, inability to stand up for themselves and curiosity. With their whiskers, they feel not only the objects around, but also other fish, which can react very nervously to such actions. Frisky and playful neighbors can simply pull and pull them for these mustaches, which causes serious injuries.

Compatibility of all fish can be divided into three groups:

  1. Nimble, carnivorous, viviparous and too small individuals: cichlids, a parrot, a goldfish, a barb, a swordtail, a cockerel, an astronotus, etc.
  2. There may be difficulties and conflicts with guppies, shrimps, discus.
  3. Excellent neighbors - neon, scalar, catfish, rasbor, minor, antsistrus, danios, tetra, etc.

In all disputable situations it is better to find a specialist and get his advice.

As for the relationships within their species, the main disputes arise when sharing females, therefore, in order to avoid conflicts, it is better to have 2-3 of them for each male.

What to look for when buying?

You should not refuse to buy if the fish has a faded color. This is not about the disease, but about stress. As soon as the gourams acquire a permanent home and get used to it, the brightness will return to it.

But special attention should be paid to the fins (they should not be torn, not battered and well-straightened) and whiskers (should not be shorter than the body or broken off).

Before replanting into the general aquarium with gourami (as well as other fish) it is advisable to place them in quarantine for a week. Without this procedure, if suddenly the fish is a carrier of the disease, it can infect the remaining inhabitants of the domestic reservoir. Baths (biomitsin + brilliant green + rivanol) are held daily for about 15 minutes this week. After the bath, the fish is placed back in clean, warm and fresh water.

Aquarium arrangement

Aquarium. On the choice of the size of the capacity in the sources can be found conflicting recommendations. Some authors recommend taking a vessel with a volume of 100 liters and consider that the bigger it is, the better. Others claim that 40 liters for 2-3 fish will suffice. I adhere to the golden mean and I consider the most optimal aquarium of 70 liters (for a flock of one male and three females). To protect against cold air and drafts from above, the aquarium should have a cover, but not glass! It does not allow air, which is vital for gourami.

Water. To the water, these labyrinth undemanding. There is an opinion that any water will suit them, the main thing is not to pour it right from the tap, but to defend it a little. But still, optimal conditions are considered to be 24-27 degrees (they can withstand short-term temperature drops without compromising health), pH 6.0-7.0 and hardness not more than 16. It is advisable to replace one-third of water weekly.

Filtration and aeration desirable but not necessary. Aeration should not create a strong flow.

Lighting better bright. In the morning you can use the natural. But if it is not enough, then you can replace the artificial. Round-the-clock is not required.

Priming better to choose the dark. Well suitable river pebbles and stones.

WITH seaweed do not overdo it, there should be space for swimming. Three types of algae can be used:

  • those that float on the surface, for example, duckweed or riccia;
  • those that grow on the bottom, for example, Javanese moss;
  • those that require rooting in the ground, for example, cabomb, cryptocoryn.

Decor. Decorate the aquarium can be snags. They are not only beautiful, but also provide water with humic substances, creating an environment close to natural, and maintaining the health of fish.

What to feed gourami?

These macropod omnivores. Dry, live, vegetable and frozen types of food take without problems. There are even cases when they savored cottage cheese, melted cheese, scalded with semolina, crushed canned green peas and skewered meat. But especially they love bloodworms, tube makers or daphnia, rich in amino acids and protein.

Basic rules for feeding:

  • gourami has a small mouth, so food pieces should be small;
  • it is necessary to diversify the diet;
  • can not overfeed;
  • it is worth remembering that these fish can endure a hunger strike for 1-2 weeks without damage to their health.

Breeding gourami

These fish are considered mature as soon as they turn one year old. Males are larger, brighter and have pointed fins. During the breeding season, they can be seen in all its glory.

It is necessary to prepare spawning in advance - a separate container for 20-30 liters with softer and cleaner water and floating plants. Reproduction can be accelerated by heating the water by 5 degrees and abundant supply of fish with live food.

Everything will start in about 1-2 weeks. The male proceeds to build a nest of pieces of algae and foam, which creates a mouth of air bubbles, not forgetting to periodically show off in front of the female. After construction, invites her to spawn, nudging. If the female is ready, she follows the nest and sweeps up to two thousand eggs over it. The male picks up the fallen and surfaced and attaches them into place.

All subsequent care for the nest, caviar and fry, he also takes over. Two days later fry appear. No later than 10 days after this, adult fish will need to be transplanted, as they lose their parental instincts and can damage or eat the young.

Malkov first time fed with infusoria, live dust and pounded egg yolk. As they grow, Artemia and nematodes are transferred to nauplii. Due to the uneven growth, they need to be periodically sorted, since the larger ones may not let the smaller ones to feed.

As for adults, 2-3 weeks after spawning, they are again ready for reproduction.

What are sick gourami?

It happens rarely. They can become infected from already sick fish or suffer from poor nutrition. Patients need to be isolated. The most common diseases are:

  1. Lymphocytosis. On the body there are open wounds, nodules and swelling, a flour patina is formed.
  2. Pseudomonosis. It appears dark spots, gradually turning into ulcers.
  3. Aeromonosis. The reason is the overpopulation of the aquarium. Signs: refusal to eat, care to the bottom, disheveled scales, swollen and bleeding abdomen.

A couple of interesting facts.

The larger the volume of the aquarium, the more gurus grow.

If the so-called mustache of these labyrinth, or rather pectoral fins, for some reason break off, they are able to grow back.

As we see, gourams are simple in content, beautiful and it is interesting to observe their habits. I think that they are able to decorate any home pond, especially an amateur fish lover's aquarium.

Video story about breeding gourami:

Gourami nagging: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Ghouls nagging

Trichopsis vittatus

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Radiopaque fishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

View: Ghurami nagging;

International scientific name: Trichopsis vittata, G. Cuvier, 1831.

Also known as: Osphromenus vittatus G. Cuvier, 1831; Ctenops vittatus (G. Cuvier, 1831); Trichopus striatus Bleeker, 1850

Parameters of water for keeping gurus grumbling in an aquarium

Temperature: 22-28 ° C,

Stiffness: 18 to 268 ppm

Acidity: pH 5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: from 10 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami grumbling

Currently, most of Indochina is populated: the Mekong River basin in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, southern Thailand, the lower part of the Salween basin in Myanmar. Meet on the peninsula of Malaysia and Singapore. In Europe, the fish were introduced in 1899.

Description of gurus grumbling

The body is elongated, slightly flattened from the sides. The fish has a pointed snout. The size in an aquarium is up to 80 mm, usually 60 - 70 mm.

Color: The main body color is golden. The sides are whitish with turquoise shine along which 2-4 longitudinal strips pass. Fins are translucent with greenish dots.

Sexual dimorphism by the ghouls of the grumbling - males are larger than females and have longer fins.

Compatibility of ghouls nagging

The fishes are peaceful and slightly fearful. They can easily be kept in a common aquarium with other peace-loving fishes. It is advisable to keep a small flock of 6-8 fish, in a ratio where there will be one or two females per male. If there are fewer fish, there will often be various skirmishes between them, and because of this they will have less time to grumble. It is also impossible to keep several pairs of fish in a small aquarium, as during spawning the males fiercely guard their territory and very often injure each other.

It is better not to lodge shrimps with grouse grumbling, the latter can become a source of food. Snails, these fish eat "by mood".

In spite of their peace-loving nature, the males with the ghouls nagging are quite aggressive towards small fishes of the same sex of their own species. Under the protection of the territory, the males do not fight to the death, but reward each other with butting and occasionally tear their fins to each other. During the clashes, the males loudly “grumble”, these sounds can be heard a few meters from the aquarium. Males can also grumble in front of females. Females are less aggressive. Fishes of the opposite sex are usually not touched, sometimes they are “overwhelmed by authority”, but they can be patted if they guard the nest. Fish of larger species can offend gourami, especially cichlids and large barbs - slow-moving labyrinths are a temptation for fans to tweak the fins. Small gourami grunts usually do not touch, although it is not necessary to sit down to them one or two centimeters fry. Best suited for a species aquarium.

What to feed gourami grumbling

In captivity, the ghouls grumbling eagerly eat dried food, but do not forget to include in the diet a sufficient amount of small live or frozen food, such as Daphnia, Artemia or chironomid larvae (the well-known bloodworm), which will allow to achieve optimal color.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of keeping ghouls nagging

Peaceful, fairly mobile fishes emit during the period of excitement, especially males, grumbling sounds. You can contain in the general aquarium, which it is desirable to close from above, so that warm air is above the water surface, otherwise, the fish will capture cold air and may catch a cold.

An aquarium with ghouls nagging densely planted with various plants, leaving room for free swimming. Since the fish do not like bright light, floating plants are placed on the surface, which serve not only as a source of dispersion of rays, but also serve as material for building a nest. Grateful fish will be for the presence of kryagi and a variety of shelters. It is preferable to use dark soil.

Breeding and breeding gouram nagging

The sexual maturity of the ghouls nagging comes after 9 months. It is better to carry out breeding in a spawning aquarium with a length of 200 mm. The aquarium should be equipped with narrow-fitting coatings (some breeders use food wrap / plastic wrap). The water level should not exceed 100 - 150 mm, as the fry need warm humid air, without which the development of the labyrinth organ can be disturbed. Water should be soft with a temperature of 27-30 ° C, which in turn will serve as a stimulus for the start of spawning.

There is no need to mate the male and the female. In turn, the male builds a nest of foam both under the leaf of plants, and near the surface, and sometimes in the water column. When the nest is completed, the male signals the female about this through the elongated dorsal, anal and caudal fins, and if the female approaches in an upright position "face up", it emits a series of 'purring' sounds.

The female spawns up to 700 eggs, after which it is removed. Male caring for caviar and larvae. The incubation period lasts about 48 hours, after which the fry are left in the nest for another 3 to 4 days, until the yellow sacs dissolve completely. When the fry begin to swim freely, the male is removed from the spawning aquarium. Starter feed for the first few days for fry - live dust (ciliates, rotifers).

Important!!! Water changes should be done frequently and in small portions, and in no case not rarely and in large portions.

Author Alexander Isakov

Beautiful photo collection gourami nagging

Popular video about gourami grumbling

Gourami chocolate: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Gourami chocolate

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Radiopaque fishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Kind: Chocolate gourami;

International scientific name:

Sphaerichthys osphromenoides, Canestrini, 1860

Water parameters for the maintenance of chocolate gourami in the aquarium:

Temperature: 23 - 30 ° С;

PH Acidity: for those grown in the wild from 4.0 to 6.5; in aquariums - 7.

Stiffness: up to 10 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%;

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 10-15% of water.

Habitat gourami chocolate

Chocolate gourami are found in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) and Malaysia. The species was first introduced to Europe by J. Reichelt in 1905. (copy did not survive). Re-introduced in 1934. and comes regularly since 1950.

Much of the chocolate gourams inhabit peat bogs, although they are also found in clear waters with similar chemical properties, in which they grow easily Cryptocaryns (Cryptocoryne), Blix (Blyxa), Barclaya, Eleocharis (Eleocharis), Utricularia (Utricularia) and Limnophila (Lymnophila). Habitat - wooded reservoirs with a high content of humic acids in the water, so that the water has a characteristic brown tint. The pH in such water is 3.0-4.0 units.

Description of chocolate gourami

The body of chocolate gourami has a red-brown or chocolate color, with a slight greenish tint. The whole body is crossed by several light yellow to white color transverse stripes of various widths and lengths. Anal fin with narrow yellow border. The size of the fish does not exceed 40-50 mm.

The genus Sphaerichthys (Canestrini, 1860) includes four types: Chocolate gourami S. osphromenoides (Canestrini, 1860), gourami Weilant S. vaillanti (Pellegrin, 1930), Bronze gourami S. acrostoma (Vierke, 1979), Cross chocolate gourami S. selatanensis (Vierke, 1979).

Chocolate gourah can easily be distinguished from the related species by the gails of Waylant and Bronze gourah, characterized by a more elongated body and head profile. A distinctive feature of the gourami Waylanta and the Bronze gourami is the brighter coloration of the females with a clear pattern, and besides, in these species, the males are bred in the mouth.

The chocolate gourami is very similar to the cross chocolate gourami, which differs only in the number of rays of the dorsal fin (9-10 for Chocolate and 7 for the Cross Chocolate), and anal fin (8 for Chocolate and 7 for the Cross Chocolate). And if the color of the Cross Chocolate Gouram is similar to that of the Chocolate Goura, the first view has an additional bright vertical strip starting from the front of the dorsal fin and ending behind the pelvic fins, which are either completely absent or splits into small spots at the front of the Chocolate Gumy dorsal fin.

Sexual dimorphism Chocolate gourami - male and female

The male has a straight lower jaw profile and has a sharper head than that of the female. In the female, the lower jaw is rounded due to tensile skin, due to the need to incubate the eggs. But so familiar to all the differences in the form of bright color and pointed elongated unpaired fins should not be relied on to determine the sex of these gourami.

Chocolate Goura compatibility

Good neighbors for chocolate gourami will be peaceful, pelagic carp, such as: Danionella, Microdevario, Trigonostigma, small species of Rasbora or some loach species (Pangio, Kottelatlimia). To avoid hybridization, it is not recommended to contain chocolate goura with a related species. The fish is not schooling, but it interacts well with the relatives, there is a hierarchy. The dominant individual develops the best color. It is recommended to contain at least 6 fish.

What to feed gourami chocolate

Due to the fact that chocolate goura is a micro-predator, their food ration consists exclusively of small aquatic crustaceans, worms, insect larvae. When kept in an aquarium, dry food may not be consumed, however, there are quite a few cases of habituation of this fish to this type of food, which is combined with microworms, Artemia nauplii, moth, etc.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arawan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Terms of maintenance gourami chocolate

Fish does not tolerate strong lighting, because of this feature, you must have floating plants that will scatter the light of lamps. Just take the trouble to create a sufficient number of shelters from the logs, grottoes, pots, coconut shells. And if you want to further emphasize the atmosphere of the natural habitat of the fish, then add to the aquarium dry beech, oak or almond leaves (on the forum Leaves of oak, almond, alder cones in an aquarium). The leaves will promote the reproduction of beneficial bacteria when they rot, which in turn will provide fry with food, as well as lead to the release of tannin, which gives the water a characteristic brownish tint. Leaves can remain in the aquarium until full decomposition or are replaced every few weeks.

The most spectacular chocolate gourams look in the diffused light created by the floating plants (duckweed, guns) and among the abundant amount of bottom plants, such as Microsorum (Microsorum), Moss Flame (Taxiphyllum), Cryptocoryne (Cryptocoryne) and Anubiaspreferring soft and sour water.

Cultivation and reproduction of chocolate gourami

Among labyrinth fish, only in Chocolate goura and Cross Chocolate gourami females take care of the offspring, whereas among other related species males are engaged in this. Breeding can be carried out both in a group of individuals, and in pairs. At the same time, it is only necessary to stimulate the producers by adding live feeds and create conditions favorable for the fish. Courtships are usually initiated by a dominant male, while maintaining a group. A mature male is easily identified by the appearance of a mating dress, including the darkening of body color and the presence of a grayish pattern. In females ready for spawning, the coloring becomes brighter, chocolate brown with light vertical stripes, casting a golden hue. Spawning sometimes lasts for several hours, during which spawning on the substrate occurs first, then fertilization of the eggs, and at the end the female takes the clutch in her mouth. The surrounding area is guarded by both chocolate goura individuals. After spawning, the female hides in a secluded place and does not eat. At this point, it is prudent to put the female into a separate aquarium to reduce the number of stimuli, and allow her to incubate the clutch quietly. Eggs and fry remain in the mouth for 7–20 days, after which 10–40 free fry emerge. In the transition to self-sufficient nutrition, the young are already large enough to consume the micro-worms and nauplius Artemia.

Interesting behavior of gourami chocolate

Chocolate gourah has a very interesting feature, and it lies in the fact that one of the individuals lies on its side and allows others to touch their fins or bodies with their mouths. This does not damage the fish and is not related to mating. There is an opinion that in this way hierarchy is established in the group.

Author Alexander Isakov

Photo selection gourami chocolate

Popular video gourami chocolate

Gourami Lunar: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami lunar Trichogaster microlepis

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Liverfishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Genus: Gourami-nitriform;

View: Lunar gourami;

International scientific name: Trichogaster microlepis, Guenther, 1861.

Also known as: Osphromenus microlepis Guenther, 1861.

Parameters of water for keeping gurami lunar in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23-26 ° С

Stiffness: up to 20,

Acidity: pH 6.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: 50 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami lunar

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

Description gourami lunar

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm. Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism of gurus of the lunar - male and female

The male gourami moon is larger than the female. His dorsal fin is longer and sharper. The male threadlike fins have an orange tint, but the female has a yellowish one.

And, of course, the male gives off a red-orange hue of the breast during the mating season.

Compatibility gurami lunar

Fish - peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium. But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

What to feed gurami lunar

In feeding gourami the moon is completely picky and ready to eat any food found. Like other fish, gourami will be very grateful to you for a varied diet consisting of both dry and live food (bloodworm, pipe builder, daphnia, etc.). Prone to overeating.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of detention gurami lunar

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. The presence of the aquarium cover is necessary, because Fish breathe atmospheric air and capture it from the surface of the water. Above the aquarium should not be cold air, and even more drafts.

Cultivation and breeding gourami lunar

Like all trichogaster, at the lunar gurus during the spawning process, the male builds a nest of foam. It consists of air bubbles and particles of plants, to give strength. However, it is quite large, about 24 cm in diameter and 14 cm in height.

Before spawning, a pair of producers are abundantly fed with live food. After a couple of lunar gourae are deposited in a spawning aquarium, with a capacity of 100 liters or more. The water level in it should be low, 15-20 cm, the water is soft, slightly acidic with a temperature of 28C. On the surface of the water you need to put floating plants - riccia, duckweed, and in the aquarium itself to establish dense bushes of long-stemmed plants, where the female can hide.

As soon as the nest is ready, the marriage games will begin. The male swims in front of the female, straightening the fins and inviting her to the nest. As soon as the female swims up, the male embraces her with his body, squeezing the calf and immediately inseminates it. Caviar floats to the surface, the male collects it and folds it into the nest, after which everything repeats. Spawning lasts several hours, during this time about 1000 eggs are deposited. After spawning, the female needs to be transplanted, since the male can kill her, although the male is less aggressive in the lunar gouras than in other types of trichogasters.

The male will guard the nest until the fry swim, which hops for 2 days, and after two days begins to swim. From this point on, the male should be transplanted, in order to avoid eating the young. At first, the fry is alive with dust, then it is transferred to the nautilia of Artemia. The fry are very sensitive to the purity of the water, so regular changes and cleaning of food residues are important.

Author Alexander Isakov

Interesting photo gourami lunar

Curious video about gourami moon

Gourami kissing: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami kissing Helostoma temminckii

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 23 - 27 ° С.

Ph: 6,0-7,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.

Compatibility Gouram Kissing: in fact with all the fish. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: For beginners and those who have not seen kissing gourami, ... it should immediately be said that the fish do not kiss))) Just the structure of its mouth and its movements create such an impression.

Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful, but sometimes aggression appears. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Gorami kissing inhabit Thailand and the island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. In nature, gourami inhabit the waters of India and Indochina.

The generally accepted name of the fish is associated with the characteristic "kissing" movements of the lips, which the fish produce during feeding, manifestation of aggression, as well as during mating.

Dorsal and anal fin long, low. Fins are greenish and sometimes yellowish. The color of the kissing gourami is variable: gray-green, golden-pink, as well as yellow. There are albinos.

Differs calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. Easy to get along with non-aggressive neighbors. However, with a lack of space, fish can fight for territory, opening their mouths wide.

Kissing goura can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters, densely planted with plants, as well as the presence of snags as a cover and a free swimming zone. The ground should be dark.

The temperature of the water for keeping Guram kisses is 23-27 ° C. Water parameters - hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Fish breathe atmospheric air, but light aeration will not be superfluous. Need filtering and weekly substitution of up to 30% water.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photos with gurus kissing

Interesting video about kissing gouram



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