How to care for a goldfish :: Hobby and entertainment :: Other
How to care for a goldfish
Goldfish are a species of freshwater crucian. They are very popular among fans of aquarium fish. However, not all of those who start a goldfish in their home care for it properly, although this is not difficult to do.
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There is a wide variety of breeds belonging to the species of goldfish, for example, "Ryukin", "Lionhead", "Vualekhvost", etc. Some of these fish reach 25 - 30 cm in length, so if you decide to have such fish, be prepared for the fact that you need a fairly large aquarium with a capacity of 100 to 200 liters. These aquarium sizes are necessary for the fish to live as long as possible. Small aquariums quickly accumulate ammonia, which causes fish to die.
When choosing a primer for an aquarium, remember that goldfish often burrow into it in search of food, this can cause pieces of stones in their mouths. If you keep these fish, it is advisable to fill the aquarium with large stones or very fine sand. Neither will harm the fish. Wherever you take the primer, you need to rinse it thoroughly before sending it to the aquarium. This also applies to special soil, which can be purchased in specialized stores.
Be sure to put in the aquarium real aquatic plants. They will help to effectively deal with ammonia and other harmful substances that accumulate in it over time. Also ensure sufficient light from the lamps. Goldfish on average require about 12 hours of light per day.
For the maintenance of gold fish aquarium must be equipped with a water filter. It will help to keep the water in maximum purity and will not allow the diseases of fish from harmful impurities, for example, from rotted food particles.
Regularly check the water for the presence of ammonia, its level should always be at zero. In addition, the content of goldfish imposes certain restrictions on the ph level of water, make sure that this figure is in the range from 6 to 8.
Try to regularly clean the aquarium from harmful particles that are not removed by the filter, do it at least once a week. If you do not drain the water to replace it, try not to take the fish out of the aquarium; use a vacuum pump to clean it. If you change the water, transfer the fish using the container, do not use the net for this.
Always prepare the water for the aquarium properly, use special aquarium conditioners for this, they help to bring the water to the desired state. Never use clean drinking water, it will lack the many nutrients needed by these fish.
Feeding and disease
Try to feed the goldfish twice a day at the same time. Also note that these fish may die from overeating, so give them food in small quantities. Be sure to clean the aquarium from the remnants of food immediately after feeding.
Carefully take care of the condition of the water in which the fish lives. Harmful substances that accumulate in it, can cause many diseases. Most often, fish become infected with various parasites that appear on the surface of the body in the form of white and red spots. If you find similar, immediately isolate the fish in a separate container and keep it there until complete recovery.
How to care for goldfish :: how to care for aquarium fish :: Aquarium fish
How to care for goldfish
Chinese and Japanese breeders developed several famous species of goldfish. Some people think that it is very easy to care for them, because of their great popularity. Sometimes a person can simply give a goldfish for some merit or simply as an innocent gift, which will inevitably make a person think about how to care for goldfish so that they can live well in his aquarium.
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It should be said that in cases where the fish do not receive proper care, it dies rather quickly. Sometimes she lives only three or four days. To ensure proper care for goldfish, you must take into account what your aquarium, as well as know what to do with water before you run it into it. It is also important to decide what to feed the animal. If we talk about the choice of the required aquarium, it is worth saying that in small aquariums these fish die. The larger the fish itself or the greater the number, the larger the volume of the glass dwelling should be. Also, future owners should know that water must be enriched with oxygen. The important point is the choice of “content” of the aquarium. For example, you need to put gravel on the bottom, because bacteria live on it, which absorb ammonia and its level decreases in water. Regarding the temperature that must be maintained to contain a goldfish, it should not be less than or more than 21 degrees.
In order to contain one goldfish you need:
Aquarium filter, with the ability to pump air - 1pc.
Somiki - 2 individuals
Special food for goldfish
Literature on the content of goldfish
1. Install the aquarium in a suitable place in your home or apartment.
2. Lay on the bottom of the aquarium gravel medium size.
3. Install a filter that pumps air.
4. Install a special thermometer.
5. Fill the aquarium with clean water.
6. Run into the aquarium snails and catfish.
7. Wait a few days or even a week.
8. Make sure the temperature in the aquarium is 21 degrees.
9. Run the goldfish.
10. Control how much a fish eats food at a time.
11. Never overfeed a goldfish!
12. Never use small aquariums for keeping a goldfish.
How to contain goldfish
Aquarium fish - telescopes
Fish telescope - a kind of goldfish, in the wild is not found. As is known, goldfish appeared as a result of selection of wild carp. According to reliable data, the telescope fish was bred in the XVII century in China, from which it came to Japan. The most prominent part of the animal's body is large, bulging eyes located on the sides of the head. Due to the unusual shape of the eye, the fish got its name. Unfortunately, these eyes themselves are very vulnerable in the aquarium, they can be damaged by random objects. For this reason, keeping a pet requires maximum care. Caring for fish imposes some restrictions and rules that help protect its health.
The telescope of the fish has an oval shape, identical with other representatives of the tail specimen. The symmetry of the body is short and wide. The head is large with bulging eyes, lush fins.
Modern razvodchiki sell small telescope fish of different colors and shapes - with short or long fins, red and white flowers, and, of course, black ones. With age, black telescopes change color scales.
The size of telescopes varies on average from 15 to 20 cm within the aquarium. They live in captivity for a long time, about 15 years. Fish living in artificial ponds, can live up to 20 years.
Similar to their relatives, goldfish, telescopes get along in cool water, but they are not recommended to be bred for beginners in aquarism. The point is in the vulnerable eyes, which in addition to the large eyeball, they see almost nothing. Its content is not so simple: you have to look for special food, plants and soil that would not damage the pet's tender body.
On the other hand, caring for telescopes is not difficult if you are extremely careful with them. Like other types of goldfish, they are tolerant of changes in the aquatic environment, can live both in the garden pond and in the glass aquarium. Compatibility is possible with slow, peaceful fish that do not take away their food. It is recommended to settle in spacious aquariums at the rate of 50 liters for 1 fish and more than 150 liters for several individuals. The tank should be safe, without a large number of kryag, sharp objects. They use rounded pebbles of medium size or coarse sand as soil - telescopes like to rummage in the ground. It is important that they do not swallow large parts. Soft plants gnaw, hard-leaved plants - a good choice for their "house".
Watch the video, revealing the features of the content of the fish telescope.
In the aquarium, you should install a powerful external filter that will remove numerous wastes after pets. The flow is important to pass through the flute, as we know, telescopes float badly. Choose wide containers with a large surface area - through it there is a constant gas exchange.
Do not forget about updating 1/5 of the water once a week. Permissible water parameters: temperature 20-23 degrees Celsius, hardness - 5-19 o, acidity - 6.0-8.0 pH. Not particularly sensitive to the conditions of detention, but quality care for them involves clean water and the absence of sharp surfaces.
What to feed?
Aquarium telescopes are unpretentious in feeding: they feed on live, frozen and artificial food. You can give granules, artemia, bloodworm, tubule, daphnia. Due to poor eyesight, they do not always notice the food without eating it. When feeding fish with artificial food, it is possible to ensure maximum saturation, as they find food for a long time at the bottom of the tank. And such feed slowly disintegrates and does not rot.
Who can live in captivity?
Telescopes can be called friendly fish that behave adequately in relation to their neighbors. Compatibility is proven with related species of fish: voile tail, shubunkin, oranda, goldfish. Such cold-loving fish, not aggressive, do not leave behind a lot of waste.
Compatibility is negative with Sumatran barbs, ternets, burbusi denison, tetragonopterus. These fish can intimidate them, tear off their fins.
Admire the bright telescopes.
The reproduction of telescopes is possible in an artificial reservoir in the springtime, when the water is warming. As in the reproduction of goldfish, the female and the male telescope are planted for two weeks in separate aquariums, giving live and artificial food. Before settling in spawning, they are satisfied with the fasting day. Spawning occurs in fresh and softer water with a temperature of 23-25 degrees.
The required spawning volume is 50 liters, a separator grid and several stile-leaved plants are placed there. Usually one female and 2-3 males spawn. The female lays many eggs - more than 2000. Incubation lasts 3-4 days. 5 days after spawning, the larvae will hatch, which will swim in a few days if the water temperature is from 21 to 26 degrees Celsius. The fry are weak and helpless, barely noticeable. Starter feed - live dust. Later you can eat artemia and rotifers. Caring for fry requires constant observation in the spawning aquarium - in order to prevent cannibalism between brothers, large fry should be separated and settled separately from smaller ones.
How to care for goldfish?
Goldfish can be fed with all kinds of food, since they eat almost all food.
You can feed them with ready mixes and homemade food. If you prefer the second option, throw small pieces of food to the fish. You should not overfeed them, no matter how hungry they looked at you through the glass of the aquarium.
Fry and young animals are usually fed dry and live food. Vegetable food is the basis of nutrition for adult fish.
Additionally, fish can be given in a small amount of shrimp, squid, as well as small pieces of fish fillets.
It is not recommended to give fish the meat of warm-blooded animals and offal (liver, heart, etc.)
Adult fish can be fed with live food, but their share should be no more than 10%. The most recommended feeds are: earthworms, tubule, bloodworm, daphnias, corret.
Dry feed goldfish need to fill in dosed portions several times a day. If you pour a lot of dry cereal fish, they do not have time to eat them immediately and the food swells. If a fish eats such swollen flakes, it can get sick. You can feed and cereals, boiled in unsalted water, for example, semolina, millet, rice, buckwheat. Do not forget to thoroughly wash the cereals before cooking.
Goldfish have a great appetite, but feeding them is not worth much. It is best to give them food no more than twice a day in small portions. It is recommended to alternate food, it is necessary to give dry food, both live and vegetable. Live and vegetable food fish should eat in twenty minutes, dry food - ten minutes. If the fish feed is not finished, it should be removed immediately. Long-bodied goldfish take a little longer to eat than short-bodied fish.
Determination of single portions can be very simple. First you need to throw a small amount of food, then look at how the fish will take over the food. If they become calmer, you need to stop feeding.
You should know one more rule, it is better to feed the fish rather than feed them.
Goldfish remember their master and even take food from his hands.
Who would have thought that the progenitor of a goldfish - the favorite of many aquarists - is a common crucian, and even a silver one? The whole pedigree of goldfish with all its varieties began with it.
If you decide to purchase these pets for maintenance in your aquarium, then you better choose a larger capacity. There is an opinion that the aquarium of a classic round shape, which opens from above or without a lid at all, is “the most it” for goldfish. But it is not. It is recommended to use four or hexahedron with a lid under which the lighting fixtures are attached.
Therefore, for the maintenance of goldfish is better to buy an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters - they are easier to maintain biobalance. It can contain 6-8 fish, if you provide your pets with continuous air blowing, and the water depth will not exceed 30 cm. In an aquarium of 10 liters you can keep no more than two adult fish.
All types of goldfish love to dig in the ground at the bottom of the aquarium. To prevent the soil from being scattered in a chaotic manner, use materials that are not very light - for example, large pebbles. In an aquarium with goldfish, it is recommended to plant plants with hard, large leaves and a good root system (for example, valisneria, nugget, sagittarium, elodea).
Optimum for goldfish is a water temperature of 18-21 degrees. You can add salt to the water - for the best well-being of fish - 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water, especially if there are no devices for aeration — then 1/3 of it should be replaced, and the more often the better.
Goldfish can rightly be called gluttons. They eat everything and in large quantities. As a rule, they consume food of both plant and animal origin. There are ready-made feed specifically for goldfish in the form of flakes and pellets. They are good enough to use, because in addition to the essential nutrients with a large part of carbohydrates, these feeds are balanced and contain natural additives that improve the color of yellow, orange and red colors.
Remember that when feeding with dry food of any kind they should be given in small portions several times a day. After all, they have a feature when they swell into the fish's esophagus, significantly increase in size, cause constipation and dysfunction of the digestive organs. You can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in the water, and only then give them to the fish.
For a change in the diet, goldfish are given live food. Coretra, pipe clerk, large bloodworm, earthworms - all this goes away in seconds. But remember that in no case should a goldfish overfeed. Do not throw her food more than she can eat in 3 minutes. A good time to determine the amount of feed - this is the first feeding of your pet. You only need to watch her and determine how much food she has eaten during these three minutes.
Sexual differences in goldfish are weakly expressed, and it is possible to distinguish the male from the female only during spawning, when the male has a “file” on the front rays of the pectoral fins and warts on the gill covers. Goldfish are ready for reproduction after a year, but it is better to wait for their full development, the maximum brightness of the color and the fineness of the fins is about 2-4 years old, and then breed. Males begin to actively pursue females. At this time, they need to plant and feed a variety of fortified foods.
You come up to a goldfish, and politely ask, "a goldfish, a magic one, I want you to take care of all the living creatures in the house!" ... and look in a dream, the wish will come true. But when you wake up remember to remember, it was just a dream.
How to care for goldfish?
Goldfish like other fish and plants in captivity require careful and amorous care. But love alone is not enough. A certain amount of knowledge and experience is required ...
Goldfish is one of the most common and famous aquarium fish.
Nowadays, it can be seen in any pet store. But in pre-revolutionary Russia, in the 70s-80s of the 19th century, only rich people could boast an aquarium or a pool with goldfish.
The inhabitants of medieval Europe knew these fish only from drawings on vases, fans and caskets brought by merchants from the East along the Great Silk Road. It was believed that the images of bright, big-eyed and magnificent-tailing creatures are the same fruit of the artist's imagination as the images of dragons. The first European to tell his fellow citizens at the end of the XIII century about a fancy fish was the famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo.
Many centuries passed before the reservoirs with goldfish ceased to be a kind of "state secret", "secret objects" hidden from the eyes of foreigners behind the high walls of Chinese and Japanese palaces. Alfred Brem wrote that the first goldfish were brought to Europe in 1611. According to other sources, this happened later. Gold fishes came to Russia as a strange gift to the father of Peter I - Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov, a great lover of animals and plants. Due to improper maintenance, the fish soon died. It was believed, for example, that they feed on water.
In those days, goldfish were surrounded by a halo of legends, attributing to these creatures a heavenly, supernatural beginning. However, the true history of the origin of goldfish is no less interesting. Thoroughly examining the ancient literature, examining the structure of the fish and conducting experiments, ichthyologists found out that the ancestor of the aquarium beauty is the Chinese subspecies of silver carp, common in small, well warmed by the sun reservoirs of China, Korea and Japan. Fishermen lovers of our country are familiar with another subspecies of goldfish, inhabiting the territory from the Amur River basin to the western border of Russia. These fish should not be confused with the golden crucian carp (it is ordinary, or broad-bodied), which is not related to the goldfish by any kindred ties ...
Important conditions for proper maintenance ...
Goldfish are best kept separately from other species of fish, especially small and fast ones, which can intercept most of the food, and pugnacious ones, such as macropods, cychlasmas and barbs, which can damage the large eyes and fins of their clumsy, innocuous neighbors. For a pair of two - three-centimeter fry small vessels, containing a bucket of water (10-12 liters), are quite suitable. However, the larger the aquarium, the better the fish feel and the easier it is to take care of them. If in a four-buried aquarium, voiletails or telescopes grow in length up to 10 -12 centimeters and can multiply, then in a bucket aquarium they will forever remain dwarfs ...
It is harmful for goldfish to be in a round aquarium: there is not enough space for them to swim, there is not enough oxygen for breathing, and they can become blind from abnormal refraction of light by a convex glass. In a round aquarium it is difficult to place a filter and an air dispenser without spoiling the decorative appearance of the vessel. Fish feel much better and are less sick in a spacious rectangular aquarium, which is easy to decorate with smooth stones and aquatic plants ...
Goldfish (Carassius auratus) was one of the first domesticated fish and to this day remains one of the most popular for keeping in aquariums and water gardens. A relatively small representative of the carp family, the goldfish is a domesticated version of the goldfish, which was brought to Europe in the seventeenth century, as a result of the work of Chinese breeders. The maximum size of a goldfish is 59 cm., The maximum weight is 4.5 kg. The record of life expectancy of a goldfish is 49 years, although it usually lives up to 20 years, and in conditions of aquarium maintenance it is from six to eight years.
During the reign of the Chinese dynasty Tang it was very popular to grow carps in ponds. As a result of mutations golden carp appeared, as this is a rare species, it soon became more desirable than silver species. Goldfish ancestors were not kept in containers, but in ponds. But since the beginning of the Sang dynasty, people outside the royal family have been forbidden to grow goldfish. The presence of other colors of the goldfish was discovered only in 1276, the first voiletail fish appeared during the Ming dynasty, and in 1502 the goldfish arrived in Japan. In 1611, the fish travels through Portugal to Europe, and in 1850 it goes to America.
Goldfish are usually classified as cold-water, they can live in an unheated aquarium. Like all carp-shaped goldfish produces a large amount of waste. She has a small digestive tract and she can not digest the excess carbohydrates. If you do not clear the aquarium of such waste in time, it can lead to premature death of the fish. The popular image of a goldfish in a small ball-shaped aquarium is an advertising hoax. A small aquarium can cause lack of oxygen and ammonium poisoning, so it was even banned in some countries through official channels.
A goldfish is considered a cold-water type of fish, but this does not mean that it easily tolerates temperature extremes. Temperatures above 25 ° C can be dangerous for goldfish. The notoriety of goldfish, as those who have not lived for a long time, arose because of not enough good care for them. Goldfish are omnivorous, but prefer red worms and green leafy vegetables. Not bad add to the menu and shrimp. Goldfish are terrible gluttons to avoid obesity and infertility they need to be fed no more than once a day.
Goldfish quickly get used to people. After a few weeks, they no longer perceive a person as a danger, and then they can be fed from the arm. Some time after landing in an aquarium, goldfish can show aggression towards each other, but then they get used to it and different species even acquire similar behavioral responses. Goldfish can become sexually mature only with proper care.
The behavioral reactions of goldfish and crucian carp are very similar: how can an ancestor. In addition to petty mischief in an aquarium (digging up plants), goldfish repeat the behavior of crucians in grooming, scaring off enemies, and so on. In fact, unlike the same guppy, a goldfish is an innocent creature in everything that does not concern food. More active species, such as comets, are so voracious that they can leave all other fish in an aquarium without food.
According to the Chinese classification, there are about a dozen types of goldfish, which, in turn, obey four groups, here they are:
- Dragon Eye: goldfish with bulging eyes, such as a telescope, water eyes or astrologer,
- Egg-shaped: round-bodied fish lacking a dorsal fin, such as a lionhead. A telescope without a dorsal fin also belongs to the egg-shaped ones.
just feed her 2 times for a few they keep in mind the gluttons and my for example almost always asks to eat but once so obelas that almost burst so the main advice does not overfeed and change the water every 1-2 weeks
Yes, nefig care for them - the less attention, the more alive they are. So enjoy watching from the couch.
According to the content you can google - a lot of things.
Common to all, the bigger the aquarium, the harder it is to unbalance it - the better there is for the fish.
Do not overfeed the fish, but they will die of obesity.
do not overheat water - they will be dull
big fins - keep with peaceful fish
large - not a trifle to sit down - shake off
Completely change the water only in the event of an epidemic, and so replace by 0.25 or 0.33 parts ...
In general, everything is quite simple, even if it seems difficult :)
I want a goldfish in a round small aquarium, how much will it cost to enjoy? How to care?
however, the goldfish will be crowded. maybe better cock they are very beautiful and do not require large amounts of water, as they breathe atmospheric air. You can also put there:
1 lalius or 1 gourami or 1 macropod. just not all together :)
decently, I had goldfish, but everyone died ((
By the way, a round aquarium is harmful to fish, even though it is very cool)
care needs constant - water change, filters, oxygen include, plants to buy, feed ... small, small, and care like an elephant)))
pleasure is not very expensive ... about 1500-2000r. In this amount, you buy an aquarium + a goldfish + a compressor and a water filter / heater ... as well as the ground and a few water industries must be kept up))) just care to feed ... follow the water temperature ... and clean the aquarium ... all procedures are measured how to do it more precisely, you can learn from the special booklet usually in the ZOO store such are sold ... and care for Golden Fish is called so)))
1000 -1500 Rubles Goldfish are best kept separately from other fish species, especially small and fast ones, which can intercept most of the food, and pugnacious ones, such as macropods, cychlasmas and barbs, which can damage the big eyes and fins of their clumsy, harmless neighbors. . For a pair of two-three-centimeter fry small vessels, containing a bucket of water (10-12 liters), are quite suitable. However, the larger the aquarium, the better the fish feel and the easier it is to take care of them. If in a four-buried aquarium, voiletails or telescopes grow in length up to 10-12 centimeters and can multiply, then in a bucket aquarium they will forever remain dwarfs.
It is harmful for goldfish to be in a round aquarium: there is not enough space for them to swim, there is not enough oxygen for breathing, and they can become blind from abnormal refraction of light by a convex glass. In a round aquarium it is difficult to place a filter and an air dispenser without spoiling the decorative appearance of the vessel. Fish feel much better and are less sick in a spacious rectangular aquarium, which is easy to decorate with smooth stones and aquatic plants.
Good aeration (air blowing) and water filtration are important conditions for proper keeping of goldfish. 1/3 of the total volume of water should be, regardless of the work of the aerator (microcompressor) and filter, weekly change to fresh. In an aquarium with a volume of 40-50 liters (with a water layer of no more than 30 centimeters), 6-8 fish can be kept while continuously blowing water through the air. Since the main saturation of water with oxygen occurs through its surface, it is advisable to calculate the surface area per fish. A decimeter of body length for short-bodied rocks requires at least two square decimeters of the water surface, and for long-bodied rocks - at least one and a half square decimeters. If there is no purge, but the water is partially replaced with fresh daily, this rate should be doubled, and if the water does not change at all, it is tripled. The norm relative to the surface of the water should be considered as approximate, since it depends on the number of plants, water temperature, etc.
If the fish swim, raising their mouths to the surface, trying to capture the air, then the water is not sufficiently saturated with oxygen. It is necessary to increase the purge or change part of the water to fresh.
Partial replacement of water in the aquarium is better to make tap water in a separate container for 24 hours. With a large non-blown aquarium and a small number of fish (if each has about 15 liters), it is recommended to replace about 1/10 of the volume with water taken directly from the aqueduct daily.
The cooler the water, the more oxygen can be dissolved in it. Therefore, in hot weather, the fish may experience oxygen starvation. The best water temperature for them is 15-20oC. Plants play a major role in supplying oxygen to water in an aquarium without purging. However, the surface of their leaves is contaminated by suspended particles in the water, and tender plants are simply eaten by goldfish. Plants with rigid leaves and a good root system are suitable for an aquarium: Vallisneria, Japanese sagittarius, Anubias - or the most hardy, for example, Elodea. As a soil for plants, it is better to use fine (with a pea) gravel or pebbles, which are almost not scattered with fish.
It is better to place an aquarium with goldfish near a sunny window: without sufficient lighting, the bright coloring of the fish dims, the plants wither. Natural lighting can be replaced by electric.
Feed the goldfish need a variety of foods. In the diet should include plants: chopped lettuce, Riccia, wolfia, duckweed. The best food is the bloodworm, the earthworm (too large specimens cut into pieces), daphnia. Live food can be replaced with meat that has been scraped or rolled through a meat grinder, made in half with white bread into small balls. It is permissible to feed fish cooked steeply, crumbly, washed in fresh water cereal: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet
The smaller the aquarium, the more the fussing with it, and the round aquarium is generally a solid hemorrhoid. After such a headache for 20 years, I did not dare to start a water. Now I have 180 l., Rectangular — always clean, always pleasing to the eye.