Types of aquariums


A variety of underwater worlds

Types of aquariums are a variety of types according to classification and scope. When choosing an aquarium for your office or home, you must carefully consider all the wishes and purpose of the acquisition, as there are many types of aquariums. The most correct thing is to combine the size and design of the house and the aquarium itself with its design. And also take into account the necessary conditions of detention for the selected fish. All types of aquariums are divided according to their characteristics on different subspecies.

Seawater aquarium

Water composition

According to the characteristics of water and habitat, aquariums can be marine, freshwater, pseudo-marine or brackish. The necessary tools of such aquariums include various devices that ensure the maintenance of the necessary parameters of water and the correct microclimate.

  • Freshwater - widespread aquariums, contain freshwater types of fish and plants. Maintenance of these aquariums is much easier to ensure marine. They can be of various shapes and sizes, perfectly fit into the interior.
  • Marine - intended for the habitat of plants and fish, accustomed to the conditions of salt water. Large aquariums, as sea fish are large. Quite difficult to care for and require the necessary skills to create the right chemical composition of water.
  • Brackish-water - an intermediate type of aquariums, serves as a habitat for fish and plants desalinated areas estuaries and bays, able to live in brackish waters. These subtropical inhabitants have managed to adapt well to changes in temperature, and can live in both cold and warm water.

By type of construction

If we consider the classification of aquariums by design and manufacturing technology, then there are frameless, frame and seamless types.

  • Frameless - limited in size, made of organic glass. Possess high reliability, are maximum transparent. They have a lighter weight and do not require a massive stand. Eliminate the effects of harmful impurities and metal.
  • Frame - the design is made of a special metal frame, can be of any size. The condition of such aquariums is the constant presence of water in them, otherwise they may become unsuitable.
  • Seamless - most often these round-shaped aquariums made of glass, acrylic, plexiglass and plexiglass. May have a curved shape. Used for the maintenance of gold fish. The positive qualities of such aquariums include leakage, high transparency and thermal insulation of water.
  • Asbestos cement - in its composition have asbestos fiber, cement and water. Can be built into wardrobes, plastered or tiled.

By location

By location, aquariums are also divided into floor, wall, screens, and diaramas. The design of such aquariums is designed for the size and shape of certain rooms or houses. These types are used for interior decoration.

  • Aquarium picture is a type of wall-mounted aquarium framed in a frame that creates a picture effect. Requires proper placement and thinking through care.
  • Built-in - are planned at the stage of building the premises and are used both in private and public institutions. Can be built into the wall, arch, furniture and serve as a specific partition-screen for zoning rooms.
Dutch aquarium

By scope

By application, aquariums are divided into decorative and special types.

Decorative aquariums play the role of a design decision in the interior of the house, where the design and the population of the aquarium are carefully considered, ensuring good gas exchange is calculated. These species are suitable for keeping adult fish. These include:

  • common or standard - suitable for beginners with its versatility. It can adjoin different types of fish and plants from different geographical areas;
  • collection - consists of representatives of fish of the same family. Designed for aquarists who monitor the development and growth of a certain species of fish;
  • geographical - the type of such aquariums recreates the geography of the water world, supporting the ethnic style of the interior design of the house in the general concept. For maximum realism used wallpaper on the back of the aquarium and the decoration of various kinds of decorations;
  • outdoor decorated - specialized design of the aquarium without a cover and cover glass, composed of a kind of collage of plants, a fountain and the aquarium itself. Plants can grow and bloom above water;
  • Species - contains one or more related species of fish, suitable for observing the behavior and relationships of fish;
  • Biotope - the difference between such aquariums is achieved by the fact that they reproduce a copy of a certain part of the natural environment in the smallest detail. This freshwater aquarium is usually populated by tropical fish species;
  • Dutch - implies the primacy of vegetation in the aquarium, where the presence of fish is optional. Such an aquarium has an elongated shape and simulates underwater landscaping;
  • paludarium - is a kind of water greenhouse, combines underwater and surface plants. Differs in high humidity;
  • aquaterrarium - serves to keep both aquarium and terrarium animals leading to semi-aquatic life;
  • nano-aquarium - a modern miniature tank, mainly with ornamental plants and fish;
  • Japanese "Amano" - a minimalist-style aquarium that conveys elements of the decor of the wild Amazon and accurately reproduces the ecosystem of this area;
  • mixed - a subspecies of an amateur aquarium, containing several species of plants, fish, and decorative objects, combined in terms of content.

Special aquariums are designed for the special tasks of life support of the roe and young fry. Usually a small rectangular shape, where the water level is up to 35 cm. In turn, are divided into:

  • spawning - are used for breeding fish. The spawning grounds and all the necessary conditions for keeping are selected individually depending on the types of fish. In such an aquarium, sterility is important. The size of the spawning aquarium should be less than the main for ease of catching eggs or removing dead eggs;
  • incubators are needed to support and develop caviar, fish larvae. The main condition of these aquariums is the optimum temperature and oxygen regimes, the correct hydrochemical composition and purity of the water;
  • quarantine and medical isolators or jigs are intended for the treatment or adaptation of new inhabitants. Parameters and design depend on the size of the fish. Conditions include hygiene, spaciousness and water quality control;
  • nursery - such containers look in the form of a trough and serve for growing fry transferred from spawning fish in large quantities. The optimal size of such an aquarium is 150/45/60 cm. For even and healthy growth, the fry will need regular replacement and the correct parameters of water, varied food;
  • cultivators or feed - designed for the production of live food for fish in the form of crustaceans, rotifers, ciliates, algae and others. What is important is the correct selection of food and their growing conditions;
  • breeding - by appointment resemble quarantine and therapeutic aquariums. They carry out breeding work on the breeding of new breeds, where you can simultaneously breed and treat fish.
Panoramic Aquarium

In form

Types of aquariums come in a variety of forms: panoramic, rectangular, square, angular, in the form of a tower or table, many-sided, triangular, hexagonal, spherical and hemispherical, in the form of cylinders. They are offered a suitable stand, designed for their load and placing the items of care and aquarium equipment.

  • Panoramic - modern and stylish, allow you to use them for decorative purposes. Panoramic glass increases the viewing angle, opening up opportunities for enjoying the view of the underwater world from all points of the room.
  • Corner - suitable for small spaces, at the same time becoming a fashionable element of home decor. There are hemispherical and trapezoidal shape.
  • Cylindrical - attractive and decorative, require proper placement in order to avoid visual image distortion.

When choosing the type of aquarium for your home, you should not rush into his choice; it is better to study the information in advance and consult with experienced aquarists. Having defined all the advantages and personal needs, you can make an amazing accent in the interior by the presence of an aquarium with its beautiful inhabitants.

The main types of aquariums

Creating a common aquarium with different types of fish, often living at different ends of the globe, is an opportunity to make your own, unique underwater world. But sometimes, the difference in nutrition, behavior, size, make the fish incompatible. Further you will learn about the main differences in the types of fish and conditions suitable for a particular species.

Creating an aquarium of different types of fish, you can not approach on the principle - bad / good fish. Often, they just need different housing conditions - live beasts are kept in groups of the same sex or with a predominance of males, some schooling, some nocturnal, other species of fish can change their behavior depending on the neighbors inhabiting the aquarium. To successfully create a common aquarium, you need to understand the difference in the behavior of fish and their needs. The term “common aquarium” is used rather vaguely and can be applied to different situations. Many fish species are described as suitable for a common aquarium, which often means that they are small and peaceful. However, the same African cichlids can not be called suitable for a common aquarium, although there are such statements.

The choice of fish for a general aquarium depends not only on its aggressiveness, but also on the size, requirements for conditions of detention, and how they get along with other species.
Of course, the most common type of aquarium is a common place where fish of different waters live, they are peaceful and adaptable to different conditions. For such an aquarium, it is better to use different fishes - schooling, living near the surface, bottom, feeding on algae. In the aquarium should be living plants and a few shelters.

Which can distinguish the main types of fish:

Soft water loving fish

Many popular and beautiful aquarium fish love soft water (water with a low salt content), such as in their natural habitat. The most beautiful tetras, cardinals, rodostomuses will reveal their color only in soft water. Other species of fish, for example, small American cichlids also prefer soft water, these include apistograms. For an aquarium with soft water, you can pick up a lot of fish - peaceful, but with a unique behavior and color.

Fish loving hard water

Zhivorodki - guppies, molly, partily live in nature in hard water, but despite this, get along well in any conditions. Also such water is preferred by iris and barbs.
African lake cichlids need very hard water, but these fish can not be attributed to the species suitable in the general aquarium. They are quite aggressive, territorial and water is needed very hard.


A real herbalist is an aquarium in which plants cover every square centimeter. Since in herbalist the fish itself is a supplement, each aquarist chooses what he needs there. As a rule, they stop at tetras or viviparous species, they are small, bright, they adapt well (and in a vegetable aquarium conditions even during the day can vary greatly) and like these types of biotopes.
Labyrite the same get along well in herbalists. And of course, herbivorous catfish - antsistrusy, otzinklyusy, girinohaylusy.

American Cichlid Aquarium

These fish are often aggressive, territorial, and large. Maintaining an aquarium with these fish is difficult, but impossible, although cichlids rarely live in a common aquarium. The main thing is to carefully select the types of fish, after learning about them as much as possible. Choose American cichlids that grow to the same size and buy the youngest fish you can. Avoid keeping two males at once. The aquarium should be equipped with a powerful filter, as the fish is gluttonous and creates a lot of waste. The aquarium is spacious with large and heavy stones and other shelters, when the fish grow up they can move the decor elements. Very few plant species will survive the neighborhood with these fish, so choose large and sturdy species.

African Cichlid Aquarium

Very beautiful fish - bright, visible, active. But also very aggressive, territorial and difficult with other types of fish.
For African cichlids need a spacious aquarium, with a large number of shelters, rocks, where their aggressiveness will be less apparent. Ideal to keep with similar fish (Tanganyika or Malawians), and again, buy fish while they are teenagers. As already stated above, they love hard water. Sometimes you can keep large catfish with them.

Malawian Aquarium

Biotope of a certain area

In your aquarium, you can create a corner of nature exactly like a real one somewhere on the other side of the world. For many aquarists, creating such a biotope is a real pleasure. It should contain fish that live in this area, endemic. Biotope implies the creation of an aquarium with plants and fish exclusively from natural conditions. The appearance of the aquarium should also be as close as possible to the natural biotope. That is, if in nature it is a river with a sandy bottom, snags and large catfish, then this is exactly what the aquarium should look like. Finding information about these places and creating your own part is a whole process, the pleasure of which is no less than the result.

Types of aquariums

It is important to know what aquariums are in order to make the right choice. Before you buy, decide for yourself what you want, think over everything, only then you can buy everything you need. Species depend on the type of water and the future inhabitants. Based on the habitat, you can choose a freshwater aquarium or marine aquarium. Freshwater aquarium is designed respectively for freshwater fish and plants. Many aquarists choose freshwater aquariums because of the simplicity of its content, compared to the sea.

But the simplest division is division into small (volume 25 l and less), medium (volume 25-50 l) and large (volume 100 l and more). But do not save on the size, since there are more problems from a small aquarium, and the appearance of a large aquarium is much more effective. Do not forget that the size of the fish should fit the selected size of the aquarium. Also note that the width of the fish habitat should be greater than the height.

By purpose, the types of aquariums are divided into:

  • Decorative aquarium (used for keeping fish). This type of aquarium has a variety of forms, for example, spherical, triangular, hexagonal, etc.
    A decorative one, in turn, is subdivided into a collection aquarium (that is, it contains certain groups of fish, mostly one family), a species aquarium (considered a special case of a collection aquarium, that is, one type of fish or several closely related species inhabit it) -biotop (represents the original copy of a locality or a section of nature, for example, the coastal zone of the Nile river, rocky reliefs, etc.), a Dutch aquarium (this is the perfect combination in one aquarium of different size and color in species of aquatic plants, that is, the Dutch aquarium is more focused on flora than on fauna), paludarium (in such a capacity submarine and surface vegetation connects, tropical and marsh plants can harmoniously grow and develop there, aquaterrarium (this species is intended for the maintenance and demonstration of aquarium and terrarium inhabitants who can live together), an invertebrate aquarium (a tank designed to display and maintain only invertebrates and plants).
  • Quarantine aquarium (used for temporary quarantine content).
  • The nursery aquarium (used to grow fry).
  • Spawning aquarium (this type of aquarium is needed for breeding fish).
  • Special aquarium (used to solve certain problems, such as incubating eggs, growing young stock, breeding or treating fish, conducting experiments and various experiments).

A little about the equipment

As soon as you select the appropriate type of aquarium, you can already begin to make various improvements. The main elements of the aquarium are water, with appropriate temperature, as well as chemical composition, suitable lighting and a constant source of oxygen.

Having established an aquarium, it is better not to rearrange it in the future. Желательно, чтобы он не освещался естественным светом, так вы сможете правильно регулировать освещение в аквариуме. Но для некоторых видов рыб естественный свет просто необходим, в таком случае рекомендуется ставить аквариум примерно на несколько метров от окна. Лучше всего, чтобы окно выходило либо на восток, либо на запад.

Если вы являетесь начинающим любителем, то лучше всего выбрать стандартный аквариум. It will be convenient for you to clean it and perform other necessary procedures, as well as fish will be easily viewed in it.

As you have seen, the types of aquariums are very diverse. Therefore, it is very important to decide on all the questions and your desires, so that the inhabitants of the aquarium can live and develop in it as comfortable as possible.

What are aquariums?

Aquariums for fish are represented by a huge variety of shapes and volumes, many of them require special installation and maintenance. Beautifully designed and successfully integrated into the interior of the aquarium will complement your design, as well as emphasize the individual style and taste of the host.

Design a corner aquarium

At room arrangement almost always there is an empty corner into which the aquarium will perfectly fit.

The corners of the room are usually darkened. It must be remembered that exposure to direct sunlight adversely affects the vegetation and the inhabitants of the aquarium, so it is desirable to exclude this phenomenon, choosing the right place to install an artificial reservoir.

Choosing a corner aquarium

Angular aquariums come with a panoramic (convex) and straight (trapezoidal front view) glass. Panoramic glass distorts the actual size of the fish, and also flashes in the daytime at any viewing angle. Therefore, it is best to install aquariums with panoramic windows in the darkest part of the room. When choosing a straight glass, you need to take into account the width of the edges - the narrower they are, the more general the view for the review.

In the corner aquarium, the weakest point is the furthest seam, which is outside the field of view. If the leak is on it, it will show up at the very last moment. Accordingly, the aquarium and its seams should be of high quality, excluding any flow.

Accommodation and arrangement

The side walls of the aquarium are decorated with a background with different images or from the inside with decorative walls to the taste of the aquarist. All equipment (heater, aerator, filter, etc.) is hidden in the far corner, only the thermometer is installed in a convenient place for the review.

The visually distant lower angle seems lower and deeper than the bottom, therefore the ground (actually, like in other types of aquarium) is laid down with a hill with an increase in its thickness from the viewing glass to the rear wall.

Plants are planted in the same way: first small, and to the far walls of the largest. They will create a forest that will help to hide all the equipment that will bring the reservoir closer to the most natural look.

Inhabitants are selected by an aquarist according to their preferences.

Aquarium built into the wall

Installing an aquarium in the wall allows you to fully reveal its beauty and make originality in the design of the room.

Types, types and precautions for installation

Wall mounted aquariums have an overview of one, two or three sides. If the installation of an aquarium is initially planned in the wall, then it is necessary to take into account the laying of supply wires for aquarium equipment, supply and discharge of water, as well as the placement of an external filter. It is recommended to invite specialists in the arrangement of the reservoir so that they can make their corrections at the design stage of the wall. But you can already build an aquarium in the finished wall, taking into account its design. When self-installing it is worth considering that:

  • increasing the height of the aquarium increases the load on its bottom, so the installation surface must be made of materials that do not shrink, leading to an ideal, horizontal plane (unevenness will cause chips, and shrinkage will result in distortions, as a result of a sharp decrease in operation time);
  • installation of an aquarium without lining under the bottom is strictly prohibited, because due to the heavy load, any grain of sand can cause glass cracking;
  • strength and reliability of the structure for installation in plasterboard walls provide special welded structures made of metal;
  • at the top of the aquarium, allocate space for equipment and its maintenance (at least 50 cm), which leads to an increase in the opening in the wall. The greater the height, the greater must be the technological gap.

Selection of fish for a good review

When choosing inhabitants it is necessary to take into account their lifestyle and behavior. So, if you have a through freshwater aquarium, then it is better to choose fish that do not dig in the ground, because it will seem that the water in the aquarium is always muddy.

When choosing marine fish water will always be clean and clear. Today's equipment makes their maintenance not very troublesome, and living corals and reefs will surely rivet the eyes of guests and highlight the beauty of water landscapes.

Decorative aquarium with fish

The main purpose of decorative aquariums is to belong to the interior, that is, it is not an ordinary jar of fish, but becomes the object of increased attention. If a typical aquarium is characterized by an approach to keeping conditions to the most comfortable existence of its inhabitants and, as a result, to reproduction, then decorative aquariums simply delight the view of those who are in the room.

Varieties of decorative aquariums

Decorative aquariums can be both small (from 1 l) and large (from 500 to 2000 l). Small ones have the form of glasses, paintings, lamps, sneakers, televisions, etc. Large or huge aquariums can be designed as living tables, portholes (if the room is decorated in the style of a ship), dog booths, etc. Moreover, huge decorative aquariums can be a bedroom, a room or a corridor. Additional originality brings them the decor inside: snags, glass rock, the design of the rear wall in the form of a waterfall and other uniqueness.

In general, a decorative aquarium is, above all, an unlimited flight of fancy. Designers are invited to design such an element of the interior. Decorative aquarium is performed in a certain style: sunken Atlantis, flat, reduced in size, the base on the surface of the moon, forest glade, etc.

Recommendations on the content of fish

When selecting fish, they are guided by color, various combinations of their shapes and sizes, not paying attention to kinship, origin and compatibility with various plant species. General recommendations for the settlement of fish:

  • schooling fish is best kept in a group;
  • you need to pick up fish of the same size;
  • the number of species is desirable to do less, and individuals - more;
  • one large fish often looks less impressive than a school of small ones;
  • at the content of several types the color of each of them is selected with the maximum contrast.

When arranging a decorative aquarium, a black or dark background is used, which illusively increases the depth. Soil pick up dark colors, sometimes use bright shells and stones that stand out on it (at the same time to put freshwater elements in the marine aquarium and vice versa is undesirable).

When caring for a decorative aquarium as well as for ordinary, the necessary equipment is used - lighting, filter, aerator, thermostat, etc. Only it is very carefully hidden, so that the aquarium looks as close as possible to a living corner, pond or something other, according to the intended style.

Species Aquarium

This type of aquarium is interesting to more experienced aquarists. Its presence implies the study of a particular species or several species of one kind of fish at all stages and stages of development of their life activity.

Design and creation of conditions for fish

The maintenance of a species aquarium in the arrangement requires:

  • selection of soil and plants according to the conditions of the natural habitat;
  • compliance with water parameters (density, acidity, etc.);
  • having good filtration and aeration.

When arranging it is necessary to take into account the nature of the inhabitants, the conditions of detention (the number of plants, snags, shelters or free space for swimming), the brightness of the light. Feeding also needs to be organized according to the preferences of the living fish species.

Vital and observation species

The behavior of fish in a species aquarium is very different from their behavior in general. Due to the absence of stronger rivals, they need to be less wary of their safety, while they occupy the entire habitat. Relationships find out only between individuals of their own species.

If you take young specimens for settlement, then you can observe the stages of development from the young adult producers. Stages of puberty (formation of secondary sexual characteristics, development, change of color, etc.), childbirth or laying of eggs and fry out of it, growth of young animals and other components will be available only when the species aquarium is maintained.

Over time, the fish can be distinguished individually according to physical data (there are specks, there fin is different, etc.), as well as by their nature. Many of the owners of the aquarium in the presence of their children give the names of the fish, while children always correctly called the name of the fish and perfectly distinguish it from other members of the same species in the aquarium.

The more an aquarist does with his fish, the better he understands them. Some species play with their fingers through the glass, others rub their backs against the fingers, recognize the owner, know the time of the feed perfectly. These and many other observations will allow you to make only a specific aquarium.

If you really want to have pets, and not just decor, then this type of aquarium is perfect for this purpose.

Round aquarium for fish

Round-shaped aquariums have been popular for over 50 years, while they look beautiful and fit into almost any interior - from a child’s room to a business office.

Difficulties in choosing for an aquarist

In the content it is rather complicated, but modern technologies allow the fish to create quite comfortable conditions. The main problems are:

  • small size of aquariums (from 1 to 50 l);
  • equipment placement (filter, aerator, heater);
  • wrong selection of inhabitants (many species of fish require much more).

Small volumes of aquariums have a fragile biosystem that needs to be stably maintained in order to ensure optimal conditions for the living fish. Due to the small size of the tank, the water quickly changes its parameters (due to the vital activity of the inhabitants). The balance can be successfully maintained with the help of aquarium equipment.

Basic principles when choosing equipment

Aquarium equipment must be selected special, for round aquariums, while it should not be cumbersome, occupying all the space in the field. In aquariums up to 15 liters, it is better to keep a shrimp or a frog.

The filter should be installed bottom, which will remove dirt from the water through the gravel, and additionally clean it with a filter.

The lighting installed in the lid (the lid allows you to avoid jumping out of fish) is available throughout the area. The main thing is that it is not very bright, bringing discomfort to the inhabitants of the aquarium. They try to hide aeration near the filter or behind the plants (depending on the location of the reservoir in the room).

The choice of fish - the most significant for a round aquarium

When selecting fish for a round aquarium, it is very important to know the required volume for a particular type of adult and the minimum number of fish in the flock (group for maintenance). The most common misconception about a round aquarium, which has become the dream of many novice aquarists, is the content of goldfish or angelfish in it.

Aquarium for gold should be at least 70 liters, and for scalars at least 100 liters, while the water column or height of the aquarium needs more than 45 cm. Of course, a goldfish can be held in 10 liters, the only question is how long you will be tormented in torment until death. If you want to contain a goldfish, then get an aquarium from 100 liters. And do not worry that this is a large capacity. If you like the fish, you will soon have to acquire a much larger aquarium.

Some lovers say that they have golden fish that live up to three years. But they probably do not know that the average duration of these beauties is up to 15 years, and long-livers please their owners for about 20 years. At the same time, for a year, with sufficient litrage, a goldfish grows up to 12 cm, and for a small one, no more than 4 cm.

The most optimal solution for a round aquarium with a volume of 25 liters for the selection of fish is: 1 cock, 5 neons, 2-3 lines. Other types of fish can be settled, but before that you should consult with a specialist, indicating that you have a round aquarium.

It should be noted that the leading manufacturers of aquariums and equipment offer a range of complete round aquariums, which already have a backlight, a filter and a thermostat. It is simple to maintain them, moreover, they selected the optimal parameters of fish life support devices.

Closed aquariums

During the space weapons race, a series of studies of systems that did not require recharge from outside was carried out. As a result, more than 20 years ago, aquariums with a closed ecological system appeared that did not require special equipment and care.

Description of marine akvamira

To date, manufacturing companies offer closed aquariums in the shape of a ball, pyramids, amphoras, ellipsoidal. The main inhabitants of them are shrimp (from one to three) and filamentous algae. The system is selected so that algae, through photosynthesis, produce oxygen, and shrimp ate algae and produce carbon dioxide and various trace elements necessary for the growth of greenery.

When creating a closed ecosystem apply sea water. Watching shrimp is very entertaining. They pinch algae and eat, sometimes move the sand grains. The color of the shrimp is red, but if they are frightened, they become transparent, and after a while they again take on their permanent color.

The maximum lifespan of an aquamira is 12 years, although the average is 5 years. In a closed aquarium shrimp do not multiply, although such cases have occurred.

Terms of content

Closed akvamir quite suitable room temperature and light. This version of the aquarium can be found in children's rooms and offices. Algae should be green, and if they darken and become a color closer to brown, you need to add light. You also need to avoid direct sunlight on the aquarium, so as not to cook the shrimp. Sometimes aquariums overgrow with small cell algae. To remove them, use scrapers on magnets.

Useful video from which you will learn which aquariums today can be bought in Russian stores:

Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options


Making an aquarium is a worthy and fertile topic for conversation. This is not surprising, because this is the primary question asked by people who have just bought an aquarium.
Unfortunately, on the Internet, this question, surprisingly, is poorly lit, briefly or fragmentary. We hope this article will reveal all aspects and nuances of the design of the aquarium and will help you create your aquarium kingdom.

In connection with the volume of this issue, let's divide the article into two sections:
1. MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM: soil, stones, grottoes, snags, background, artificial and live aquarium plants, aquarium lighting, shells, castles, ships.

Materials required for decoration of the aquarium

And so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms. It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish. Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond. And this is very important! Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And just under them you need to build an "aquarium house", it is from this that you have to make a start. For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium ... You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task. The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tanganiki, there are no plants, no algae - this is the “stone desert”. If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because, in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life. It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil. On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read - HERE.
Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” - fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES. An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials. If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water. Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels !!!
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take a "living space" in the aquarium - living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves. In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background. Do not put a huge castle in the middle !!! This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner. Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important. In fact, the fish can live without it. The background is more important for a person, it can be said - these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium "window" will look like. We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic - HERE.

The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants - this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps. Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators. Here they are.

REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc. In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety. Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope - such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch - Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. This aquarium is popularly called "herbalist". The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical - such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet "household aquarium" - where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc. In addition, there is a whole industry children's aquariums. Here is an example:

There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let's see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums - the seabed. The prefix "pseudo," says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish. Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.

Dutch aquarium "light option" Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but "in a lightweight form." Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist. Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.

True Dutch aquarium - herbalist
These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies. To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.

Household, children's, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.

Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus. Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night. More about Glo-fish is here.

Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes. The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.

Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK - cichlids in the aquarium

Also there are industrial and show aquariums

We wish you success in the design and creation of your own individual aquarium kingdom, below is an additional photo that clearly demonstrates the diversity and flight of the aquarium thought in the lit question.

Video on the design of the aquarium