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Predatory fish aquarium with photo, name and links


Predatory aquarium fish

Quote: "Who wants to live - he must fight. And who does not want to resist in this world
the eternal struggle, he has no right to life. "

Dear reader, this article is devoted to predators of the freshwater aquarium. On the Internet, there are a lot of tales about this issue, to the extent that the Angelfish are ferocious predators of the aquarium.

Therefore, before you lay out our selection of predatory fish, let's determine with you in terms.

All animals can be divided into predators and herbivores:

Predatory - These are those who eat only meat.

HORROWAYS - These are those who eat only plants.

Now it is worth noting the fact that in nature it is very rare to find a PREGNANT ANIMAL, which feeds exclusively on meat. For example, cats! Cats are predators, but all happy owners of Barsik and Murzikov know that their pets love to chew grass and home plants.

The same situation is with the fish. In a huge aquarium kingdom it is very difficult to find a meat-eating fish. Perhaps this is not. I do not renounce, but the diet of all aquarium fish includes both vegetable and animal feed.

From the above we can conclude - Of predatory aquatic fish in the true sense of the word does not exist. Speaking of the predatory nature of fish, the word aggression is most likely appropriate. But with aggression there is its own catchup - after all, even guppies show intraspecific aggression, although they don’t pull on predators at all.

Thus, it is possible to deduce a certain vector of understanding of the phrase: "PRESENT AQUARIUM FISHES" - these are overly aggressive, large, territorial aquarium fish, in the diet, which mainly includes meat food.


SELECTION OF PREDICTIVE AQUARIUM FISHES (with photo and description)
CICHLIDES

Many people know that the family of cichl fishes are for the most part aggressive, territorial fish, especially this statement applies to African cichlids. In some species of cichlids, there is even the most severe intraspecific aggression, which is manifested not only in males in relation to each other, but also between the male and female, for example, as in Labeotrofeus Arevavas. Sometimes it comes to the fact that the joint maintenance of the female and the male becomes simply not possible, since the latter slaughters an individual of the opposite sex to death.


Astronotus

Astronotus - the most popular and common cichlid, having a predatory disposition. Large, aggressive fish, which is best kept in the species aquarium and a pair. Astronotuses are perceived by all small neighbors as food. And with large types of clashes occur constantly. For an adult couple, it’s almost unreal to plant someone.

Fish can reach 35 cm. Astoronthus is the birthplace of the Amazon, the system of the rivers Paraná, Paraguay, Rio Negro. The volume of the aquarium for such tsikhlin need from 300 to 500 liters.

Water parameters: pH 6.0-8.0, temperature 22-28 ° C. Of course, aeration, filtration, and regular water changes (weekly 30%) are necessary. Particular attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp.


CYCHLIDE KNIFE Haplochromis long-nosed

It has a territorial character and is jealous of those who come to its territory. Long-range cichlus rushes to various shiny objects. In clashes with other fish catches the eye, for which he received the nickname "eye eater". These fish in nature are fierce "killers."

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 25-27 ° C, dH 8-20 °, pH 7.5-8.5. aeration, filtration, weekly substitution? parts of fresh water with the same parameters.

PIRANIA

Piranha predators are literally armed to the teeth. Teeth lamellar and sharp as a razor. Piranha's jaws are powerful, an adult can bite a wooden stick as thick as a human finger.

It should be noted that aquarium piranhas lose their natural aggressiveness, while maintaining their formidable appearance. But for some reason people’s fear of this does not disappear.

Piranhas are a great aquarium fish, therefore it is better to keep them with a school of 5-8 fish of the same size and age.

BARRIER SOM

These somas are not just predators, but "fierce killers." In their homeland, in Asia, they exterminate all the fish that are in their reservoir, and when no one is left, they crawl out onto dry land and crawl to the nearest new reservoir behind the “new victim”, while eating on land "insects and small frogs. We must pay tribute - in the aquarium, these somas behave much calmer.

TETRADON

The fish is not livable grumpy character, shows aggression. You can keep a tetradon with large mobile fish. Some authors recommend keeping this fish only in a species aquarium.

For a flock of tetradons you need a large volume of aquarium from 150 liters. Fish leads a twilight lifestyle and is afraid of bright light. Therefore, the aquarium is equipped with a variety of stones, caves, snags and floating plants.

AKANTOFTALMUS

Toward the close of the article, I will give an example that clearly shows the rapacity of any living creature, even the most innocent.

Akantoftalmus - a small loach wormfish. Peaceful harmless inhabitant of the aquarium bottom. But ... in nature, if an acantophthalmos is caught by a medium-sized predator, a sharp spike will cause it to immediately spit out and remember this striped fish. Big birds or catfish often swallow Acantophthalmos completely. What, very sorry then !!! A small fish breaks through the stomach wall of the animal, and sometimes goes outside. The obscene predator dies.

The struggle for life, alas, many forces to be predators and cold-blooded killers. And the world of aquarium fish - this is just a small springboard for fighting for life and procreation.

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


fanfishka.ru

Carnivores of the aquarium

Predatory aquarium fish bring the sharpness of sensations and bright colors to the home underwater world. These fish will require more attention, and in return will deliver unforgettable emotions to the owner due to the manifestation of their predatory habits and natural instincts.

Predatory fish are larger in size and can show aggression among their relatives. The most popular are aquarium cichlids, piranhas, polypteruses, astronotus, discus and scalar.

Astronotus

Cichlids

Perch-shaped cichlids are among the widespread aquarists' favorites around the world. The fishes come from African and South American countries are divided into Malawian, South American, in groups there are mbuna and utaka cichlids. These predatory fish have a beautiful color and developed intelligence, depending on the variety, their length varies from 7 to 80 cm. They are characterized by unusual behavior, cichlids are able to observe the actions of a person, recognize the owner and react to his hand movements.

These aquarium fish love a large space, but rarely get along with other fish. Cichlids can seriously damage living plants, so it is better to place artificial decorations and plants in an aquarium.

Turquoise akara

Turquoise akara

These South American cichlids are quite common among aquarists who call them "green terror". In length, their tall body reaches up to 30 cm, males are larger than females and have a turquoise hue with a pearl shade. The head is large with thick lips and medium eyes. On the sides there is a black spot, and on the gill covers there is a drawing in the form of strokes of green-pearl color.

Males have a massive forehead with fatty growth that increases with age. These aquarium fish are territorial, their contents is possible with cichlids of similar size. Fish are susceptible to disease if the temperature is below 24 ° C. Akars have a tough character, but are not outspoken fighters. It is not recommended to share them together with citrons and horn.

Krenitsichla cardiac

Krenitsichla cardiac

For the maintenance of these fish, capable of growing up to 25 cm, will require a large aquarium of 400 liters. These predatory fishes have an elongated body, on which a longitudinal dark stripe is located, and there are spots on the sides with a light rim. These cichlids feed on small fish, amphibians and crustaceans.

Krenichichla differs in that, having not found a free refuge, she chooses any shelter she likes and expels the previous owner. During the hunt, the fish first lurk at the bottom, and then with lightning attack the victim.

Long-nosed haplochromis

Long-nosed haplochromis

This representative of the cichl family is also called the knife cichlid. Aquarium dlinnorylye haplochromis reach in sizes up to 18 cm, the body is sky-blue with a red-orange border on the fins. The following behavior is typical for this fish in the event of a conflict: when it clashes with other fish, Haplokhromis catches their eyes, for which he received another name "eye eater". These cichlids are also partial to the shiny objects in the aquarium.

Fishes are aggressive towards small neighbors, large males can live peacefully with medium-sized fish such as scalar and barbs. The aggressiveness of the long-eared haplochromis can be reduced by increasing the volume of the aquarium and placing more shelters in it.

Content in an aquarium

To begin with, the aquarium should be positioned correctly, as this is important. It is best to place it in a well-lit and quiet place. Capacity dimensions also matter, the bigger the better. Predatory aquarium dwellers require optimal water parameters, the joint keeping of cold-water with warm-water fish is not allowed. Water should be saturated with oxygen in sufficient quantities, as well as important filters and aeration.

As a decoration of the water landscape, you can use snags, stones, algae, pots. Plants are needed with large roots or planted in a pot, suitable broadleaf sagittariya and ekhinodorus.

Cichlasomes and Akaras are the easiest to keep, while smaller cichlids require skills and experience in keeping aquarium fish. In no case should you put a hand with fresh cuts into the aquarium, as predatory fish can attack and cause serious damage. Basically aquarium predators are unpretentious in care and rarely get sick.

Blue discus

Compatibility

Predatory fish usually run into an aquarium with similar fish in size and conditions. Usually, predators do not just attack their fellows and peaceful fish, there are a number of certain factors:

  • satisfy hunger;
  • division of territory;
  • during the spawning period;
  • male conflict (natural selection).

But sometimes for other incomprehensible reasons, predators such as catfish, flip-flops and black-striped cichlids can attack small fish. And some fish and in particular sea predators are aggressive towards fish that are similar in color to them.

African cichlids can more or less get along with South American cichlids, eels, the catfish and the astronotus. Dwarf cichlids, which can coexist with pelmichromis, apistogram and lamprologus, are relatively peaceful-minded.

It is necessary to take into account the factor that Cichl fishes may experience stress if there are no other inhabitants in the upper layer of water. For the top layer, we can recommend a group of Australian iris irons such as glazolepis, melanotenii iridescent and three-stripes.

Breeding

Practically for breeding all types of predators a separate spawning is recommended so that the fish can safely and safely breed. Aquarium water parameters must comply with the required indicators for the possibility of reproduction. It is better to fish the fish several weeks before spawning and feed them well with live, high-quality food.

Cichlids also have unique parental qualities, most species bear eggs in their mouths and caring for their offspring with care. Formed fry grow fairly quickly and feed on small cyclops, daphnia and artemia. After hatching, the fry of the parents are deposited in a common aquarium so that they do not eat their offspring.

Polyperus

Feeding

Aquarium predators require adequate nutrition, otherwise they will attack their neighbors, pulling out their fins to each other. It is necessary to provide them with quality food with live food, sometimes replacing it with raw meat and other surrogates. The best food for them is live fish, which should be regularly included in the diet of predators. It is not advisable to feed them the meat of mammals, predators and birds, as this leads to fish obesity. Beef heart and liver can be given in small amounts. But the best fit is shellfish, shrimp, frozen fish, tadpoles.

There is an unspoken rule in aquarism: in the aquarium should be released as many small fish as food for predators, as they eat them at a time. Small fish should not be among predatory fish until they are hungry again. The size of the small fish should be such that the predator can swallow it whole.

You can not overfeed fish, it can lead to toxic aquatic environment and the reproduction of parasites. The dosage of feeding depends on the type of fish, most often they are fed in small portions several times a day.

The behavior of carnivorous inhabitants of the aquarium during feeding is an interesting sight. Some predatory fish wait in ambush and slowly approach the prey, while others actively catch up and seize the prey.

Predatory aquarium fish always attracted aquarists with their exotic outward beauty, but they were especially interested in intriguing behavior. It is much nicer and more fun to watch the big fish, as they are like real aquatic pets.

Popular aquarium fish


POPULAR AQUARIUM FISHES

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world. They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium - he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food. The activity of these catfishes is manifested with the onset of twilight or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind - the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Order, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch. Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums. Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 26 ° C.
Ph: 6,5 - 8,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland - the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish - artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5-7.5, water hardness: 5-15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Order, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5,8-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care - for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters. However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone. After all, even with mother's milk, we all heard the fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish - silver carp.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish. They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty - anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Order, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable - Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium - by keeping them with "Goldfish" you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition. Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price. May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Order, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 - 25 ° C.
Ph: 7,0 - 7,5.
dH: 5-20°.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name. In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
Stiffness dH: 5-20° .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors. Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive cichlids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium. Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature - deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Order, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 - 24 p.
"Acidity" Ph: 5,7 - 7,0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin "thorax" - the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Order, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph "acidity": 5,8-7,5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish - these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma - one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words "nigro" - black and "fascia" - ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30°.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


Cichlids are predators of the aquarium.

CYCLIDE DESCRIPTION

But the main condition is necessary - the presence of a pair (male and female). All South American cichlids are monogamous, i.e. form stable pairs without taking other fish into their family. Cichlids are the most beautiful aquarium fish. They are very diverse in color and body shape. In some, the body is oblong, as in the loach (teleogram), in others, on the contrary, it is strongly compressed from the sides, disc-shaped (symphysodons and pterophyllus).

In most species, the body is massive, slightly compressed from the sides and extended in length. The head is large, with a steep forehead, and with males the forehead becomes even steeper with males. In most cases, cichlids belong to territorial species, differ in aggressive behavior towards their relatives and other fish, but they are caring parents, which is nonsense for fish .

Magnificent color forms, curious behavior and relative simplicity in content determined their success among aquarists all over the world. Fish from the tsikhlov family are perhaps the most intelligent among all other species. Almost all cichlids spawn in an aquarium where they live. If the conditions are good, there is a constant and diverse food, then sooner or later these fish will spawn.

COLIDS - What to feed

A healthy diet of aquarium fish - a guarantee of well-being and active life. For many, this is not a secret, and real aquarists try to feed their fish only with natural food. I do not argue that the dry combined food is convenient, practical, does not particularly pollute the aquarium, and probably has a lot of advantages. But, there is one more thing: you do not know what is stuffed into this dry food, right? Fishes will surely eat him, because there is simply no other food in the aquarium. A hungry fish of choice in this case does not have.

So I used to feed my cichlids only dry food. I was glad that Akaras, labidochromis, dolphins eat the entire one-off portion well. But after a while she began to notice that cichlids began to tear off the plants in the aquarium and eat. Maybe the grass is edible, or the fish lacked something, but it became a matter of concern for me. The appearance of aqua rapidly deteriorated.

Immediately I began to look for the reason for such barbaric behavior of my fish and, having scrolled through several sites in aquarism, I found that all self-respecting aquarists make up food for cichlids themselves. The composition surprised me a little, but I decided to try.

Here, it turns out how to feed the cichlids, or rather the list of products:

- 100 g of any fish (I used pink salmon, as there are few small bones in it)

- 100 g of green peas (took frozen and thawed)

- 100 grams of corn (as well as peas)

- 1 teaspoon of semolina

- a quarter of the cabbage of cabbage (you can use any other lettuce leaves)

- 100 g shrimp

I boiled the fish and separated it from the bones. Peas and corn thawed and excess moisture poured. The leaves of Beijing cabbage scalded with boiling water. Boil the shrimp for 10 minutes without salt and peel.

Then all these prepared products skipped through a meat grinder with a fine mesh and carefully mixed with semolina. Then she took a simple plastic bag, laid it on a cutting board and laid out the prepared food in the bag. Distributed the entire mix of the package so that the width of the plate of feed for cichlids does not exceed 3-4 mm, because it is easier to break off and feed the fish. Then the package, along with the board, was put into the freezer and then it got out, snapped it apart and fed it with its balanced natural food to its cichlids in the aquarium.

I will say right away: such an abrupt change of food was not to the liking of the fish, they grabbed the food and immediately spat it out - they got used to dry substitutes. But after a week (and the features of Akara), already by the rustling of the package, they understood that now they would be fed and swam closer. Thus, having transferred my cichlids to natural food, I began to notice that their behavior had changed noticeably. The lethargy disappeared, the fish became more curious, more active, and surprisingly, both the labidochromis, the blue dolphins, the akaras, and the angelfish immediately began to spawn! This is some kind of miracle!

I would venture to suggest that changing feed so dramatically affected the behavior of cichlids. And now if anyone is interested in the question: what is the right way to feed a cichlid in an aquarium? I answer immediately: only natural food! No dry mixes!

But every aquarist decides for himself what is better for his fish, although you have tried to eat dried fish or dry salad or peas? Fu, disgusting! And fish have to eat this in the form of substitutes, because they have nothing else to do. In the wild, CICHLIDES can find everything they need, but in an aquarium, all useful products to fish must be provided by an aquarist, otherwise the fish begin to hurt and that the consequence is to die. But I think it's up to you to decide.

Reproduction and breeding

Spawning in cichlids can occur at any time of the year, but it is desirable that it be spring or summer, as in ordinary water bodies it is possible to catch living dust or cyclops. If the eggs are removed from the producers, spawning can occur at intervals of 15 days, and if the eggs and fry are left, the gap can be up to two months.

In each cichlid species, fertility varies considerably. In some, it may be 100 fry, as the parent bears the spawn and fry in the mouth, and for those who spawn at a stone or a plant, the number of descendants is measured in thousands.

Most species are simply diluted; it is enough to raise the water temperature to 26-32 degrees. The composition of water does not play a role for many fish, although for some species soft water is needed. When picking up neighbors for your pets, you need to consider not only who the cichlids live with, but also the temperature range, the size of the fish, their aggressiveness, and food. Most cichlids only spend their youth in flocks.With the onset of puberty, they are divided into pairs.

In a large aquarium, where there are many shelters, cichlids spread in the corners and the victims can be avoided. Malawian cichlids can be kept in flocks, if you give them the likeness of a reef. For the Tanganyik trophies, shelter is strictly contraindicated. And the maintenance of small fish living in schools, together with most cichlids, is simply impossible! Cichlids are, first of all, a predator, eating any fish less than itself.

CONTENT AND CARE

Since one of the largest schooling inhabitants of your reservoir is aquarium fish, cichlids, their maintenance implies a large “pool”. It should be at least 100 liters, and not at the expense of height - these fish are kept at the bottom or in the middle layer. The main thing in the aquarium - the length and width. The second prerequisite is continuous aeration and filtration; in a little saturated with oxygen and not too pure water, cichlids at first lose the brightness of the coloration, and then start to hurt.

As the soil is better to choose sand. Thanks to him, again reduced turbidity. The layer of soil should not be thicker than one and a half centimeters. All aquarium fish cichlids need shelters, and some species, especially when spawning. Clay shards from pots with stowed edges, snags and decorative stones with caves are quite suitable.

It is better to choose the latter so that they almost reach the water's edge - then the cichlids will develop the upper layers of their reservoir. If you live aquarium fish Malawian cichlids, vegetation should be almost completely absent, as in natural habitats. Let the bottom be better sown with stones. For those species of cichlids that dig the ground, algae must be chosen with powerful roots, and even planted them in low pots so that their fish do not pull out of the soil.

Stroking the big cichlid

List of all aquarium fish alphabetically, with a link to the photo and description


List of all aquarium fish alphabetically,

with a link to the photo and description

Fishes on letter a

Agamiksis white-blooded Asian pikes
Amphiprion
Anabas
Anadoras
Anoptihtis or Blind Fish
Anostomus
Ancistrus
Apistogramma agasitsa
Borelli Apistogram
Cockatoo appistogram
Reisig's Appistogram
Arnoldihtis, Tetra red-eyed or Congo yellow
Astatothilapia Burton
Astronotus
Afiosemiona Gardner
Afiosemiona two-way
Afiosemione Calliurum
Afiosemiona filamentoza
Afiosemiona South
Afioharaks Ratbun or ruby
African pikes

Fishes on letter b

Barbus Scarlet

Barbus Arulyus

Barbus butterfly

Cherry barbus

Two point barbus

Barbus green

Barbus clown

Barbus lateristrig

Fire barbus

Barbus Oligolepis or Island Barbel

Barbat sumatran

Barbus black

Four Line Barbus

Bedotsiya

Belonesox

Belontia or Ceylon macropod

Botsiya Baia

Botsia Modest

Brachidanio leopard

Brahidanio rerio

Brahidanio pink

Bricinus long-fusible or Congo's brilliant

Bricinus Nursee

Brochis or Catfish Green

Goby pale

Goby

Fishes on a letter AT

Verkhovka

Seaweed Siamese

Water eyes

Vualekhvost

Fishes on a letter R

Gambusia

Brazilian geophagus

Geophagus Steindahner

Geterandria bimakulata

Geterorabdus

Girardinus

Gyroshima

Glossolepis red

Blue dolphin

Gulyaris blue

Gulyaris yellow

Guppy

Gourami grumbling

Gourami blue

Gourami Pearl

Gourami golden

Gourami moon

Gourami marble

Kisses kissing

Gourami chocolate

Fishes on a letter D

Danio devario

Danio equipinus

Dermogenis dwarf or Poluryl fighting

Dianema Longibarbis

Discus blue

Brown discus

Dragon or Corynopom

Fishes on a letter F

Pearl

Fishes on a letter H

Astrologer or celestial eye

gold fish

Golden parrot

Fishes on a letter TO

Calico

Calicht and Kallichtis

Silver carp

Cardinal

Carpet Eliotris

Comet

Congo

Copella Arnold

Corridorus arquatus

Mottled corridor

Mesh corridor

Schultz's corridor

Elegant corridor

Brown fairy

Queen Nyasa

Royal tetra

Rudd

Red neon

Xiphohorus or Pecilia

Ctenopoma

Fishes on a letter L

Labeo white

Labeo two color

Labeo green

Labeotrofeus Arevavas

Lamprologus Apelsin

Loricaria

Lionhead

Lyabioza

Lyalius

Fishes on a letter M

Macrogatus Siamese

Macropod

Mastamembelus Thai

Bosmana melanotenia or bicolor uterine

Melanochrome golden

Johan Melanichromis

Swordtails

Mecherot, Mecherotny pike or Peacock eye

Minor

Mollies high ceilings

Mollies sailing

Mollies sphenops

Fishes on a letter H

Nannostomus Aripirangsky

Nannostomus marginatus

Neolebias Anzorg

Neon

Notobranchius Güner

Notobranchius Rahova

Fishes on a letter ABOUT

Oranda

Orizias or Japanese Medka

Hornatus

Ototsinkus catfish

Fishes on a letter P

Panhaks

Pachipankhaks or Pleifer

Pelmatohromis or Parrot

Cock, Betta or Boytsovskaya fish

Peciclobricon

Piracy

Platidoras

Platipecilia

Polycentrus or Fish Stump

Princess burundi

Pristela

Psevdotrofeus Zebra

Psevdotrofeus Pindani

Psevdotrofeus raznotsvetny

Pulcher

Fishes on a letter R

Ranchu

Rasbor heteromorph

Rasbora spotty

Rivulus green

Rodostomus

Fish chameleon or badis badis

Fishes on a letter WITH

Serpas

Synodontis Greshoff

Scalar

Blind fish

Sunny Bass

Fishes on a letter T

Thayeria

Telescope

Telmaterina

Telmatohromis temporalis

Ternesia

Tetra makeup

Tetra lemon

Tetra Rio

Tetragonopterus

Tetradon thai

Nile tilapia

Torakatum

Trachycourt

Trichopsis or Gourami grumbling

Star trophy

Fishes on a letter F

Fallotseros

Philomena or Moenkauzia red-eyed

Formosa

Fundulus

Fishes on a letter X

Haplokhromis Boadzulu

Hasemania or Tetra copper

Khilodus

Gunther's Chromidotilapia

Chromis butterfly

Chromis handsome

Fishes on a letter C

Zyfrotilapia zebra

Cyclose barton

Wine or Smaragdine

Lemon Cychlasma or Citron Cychlasma

Tsichlazoma mesonuat

Cyclose octofasciatum

Tsikhlazom Salvini

Cyclosend gray or Cychlosome spilurum

Tsikhlazom Sedzhika

Tsikhlazoma tetrakantum

Cychlase Fatsetum

Tsikhlamoza diamond

Tsykhlamoza eight-strip

Tsikhlamoza managuanskaya

Tsikhlamoza meeka

Tsikhlamoza nicaraguan

Tsykhlamoza severum

Tsikhlamoza black-striped

Cichlid

Fishes on a letter H

Black neon

Fishes on a letter Sh

Shubunkin

Fishes on a letter Uh

Epiplatis Schaper

Erythrosonus

Etroplus spotted

Fishes on a letter YU

Yulidohromis Maskov

Yulidohromis Regan

Formosa fish: content, feeding, photo


Heterandria formosa

Comfortable parameters for water content: dH to 15 °; pH 6.5-7.0; t 22-26.

Description:

The homeland is the USA (the states of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida).

Small not whimsical in the content of the fish. Males up to 2 cm, female up to 3.5 cm.

Color: body color is olive-brown, has a pearly luster. A wide, black stripe and up to 15 transverse strips run along the body. The fins are brown, at the base of the dorsal fin and anal fin on the black spot. Dorsal fin with orange border.

Fish are relatively peaceful, mobile, sometimes biting large fins of other fish. Can be kept in a common aquarium, preferably with fish grown together.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Formosa fish video

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