Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options
Making an aquarium is a worthy and fertile topic for conversation. This is not surprising, because this is the primary question asked by people who have just bought an aquarium.
Unfortunately, on the Internet, this question, surprisingly, is poorly lit, briefly or fragmentary. We hope this article will reveal all aspects and nuances of the design of the aquarium and will help you create your aquarium kingdom.
1. MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM: soil, stones, grottoes, snags, background, artificial and live aquarium plants, aquarium lighting, shells, castles, ships.
2. MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION.
Materials required for decoration of the aquariumAnd so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms. It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish. Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond. And this is very important! Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And just under them you need to build an "aquarium house", it is from this that you have to make a start. For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium ... You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task. The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tanganiki, there are no plants, no algae - this is the “stone desert”. If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because, in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life. It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil. On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read - HERE.
Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” - fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES. An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials. If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water. Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels !!!
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take a "living space" in the aquarium - living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves. In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background. Do not put a huge castle in the middle !!! This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner. Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important. In fact, the fish can live without it. The background is more important for a person, it can be said - these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM OF LIVING AND ARTIFICIAL PLANTS.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium "window" will look like. We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic - HERE.
LIGHT REGISTRATION AQUARIUM
The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants - this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps. Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators. Here they are.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc. In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety. Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope - such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch - Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. This aquarium is popularly called "herbalist". The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical - such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet "household aquarium" - where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc. In addition, there is a whole industry children's aquariums. Here is an example:
There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let's see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums - the seabed. The prefix "pseudo," says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish. Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.
Dutch aquarium "light option" Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but "in a lightweight form." Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist. Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.
True Dutch aquarium - herbalist These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies. To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.
Household, children's, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.
Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus. Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night. More about Glo-fish is here.
Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes. The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.
Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK - cichlids in the aquarium
Also there are industrial and show aquariums
We wish you success in the design and creation of your own individual aquarium kingdom, below is an additional photo that clearly demonstrates the diversity and flight of the aquarium thought in the lit question.
Video on the design of the aquarium
DIY Aquarium Decorations
As a rule, aquarists are very enthusiastic people who, for their silent pets, are ready to do anything, including creating an exclusive decorative design for a water house. Decorating an aquarium is a creative process, entirely dependent on the aesthetic taste of its owner, and each person is particularly proud if the unique decorations are made with their own hands.
Wanting to decorate your aquarium, creating a unique atmosphere in it, an aquarist can use individual elements and parts sold in stores, as well as natural items and materials. Scenery can be both the most simple and complex. For example, it can be models of ancient buildings of ancient times or knightly castles, a simple hill of neatly folded stones, or a fancy cave with several entrances. It all depends on the person. Of course, these or other decorations must necessarily correspond to the character and habits of the aquarium inhabitants.
It is clear that ornamental fish do not care what this background will be like. However, for people the background that creates a water perspective or, for example, an imitation of rock, is a very attractive detail. Properly and beautifully decorated back wall of the aquarium with proper illumination gives a three-dimensional view of the whole composition, emphasizes the characteristic features of the internal elements of the water world.
Some make the background absolutely black, seeking the visual depth of space and imitation of the ocean water environment. And someone makes a bright blue background, more like a lake illuminated by the sun. How many people, so many options.
One of the options - painting the outer part of the back wall or drawing some patterns on it. But many create a similar background with a self-adhesive film, which comes in a variety of colors. For example, cast polyvinyl chloride film ORACAL allows you to make a background with any pattern. It is only necessary to make a sketch, and the employees of the advertising firm will print the idea on film for a small fee.The most important thing is to securely attach the finished film to the back wall of the aquarium. To do this, the glass surface should be carefully degreased, otherwise the film will quickly fall off. Then the defatted surface is moistened with clean water from a spray bottle and the film is applied evenly. After that, carefully squeeze out from under her water and air bubbles with a special tool. However, for this you can use a regular plastic card.
Another way - creation of volumetric background using a sheet of foam. In principle, it will not be a background, but a screen, which can be removed at any time. Such a screen is made as follows: first you need to cut a sheet of foam to the size of the rear window, then lightly burn one side on the fire until bubbles appear, and then apply a thin layer of cement to the burned side. After it dries, it turns out a relief gray surface resembling a section of rock. By attaching the decorated side of the foam to the glass with scotch tape, you can end up with a fancy background.
Coconut as aquarium decorative element
Actually, we are not talking about a palm nut, but about a coconut shell, from which you can independently make an original shelter for fish.
In the grocery store you need to buy fresh big coconut and combine the healthy with the pleasant. On the surface of the bark of the nut, you should find three notches, make holes in their place (with a screwdriver, nail, drill) and enjoy drinking flavored juice.
Then, with a jigsaw, the shell is cut in half, and the white flesh is eaten with the same pleasure.
To destroy unwanted microorganisms, the shell is boiled in water for 5-7 minutes. Further, as far as fantasy allows, you can cut notches along the circumference of the shell cut or make additional holes.
The two halves are laid on the ground of the aquarium, and curious fish immediately begin to explore the new cave. In addition, the pile on the shell of some fish consumed as food. Not a month later, as a solid walnut shell will be completely smooth.
Wooden elements of decor
The tree looks very natural in the aquarium. From this material, you can even make a grotto, which will become a natural refuge for fish and a place for their rest. However, not every tree is suitable for home artificial pond.
For example, oak cannot be used in any way, as it releases into the water so-called tannins - organic acids of a phenolic nature.
Conifers are not recommended due to the high resin content.
A wooden grotto is not at all difficult. It is necessary to choose a suitable stump, rinse it thoroughly, and remove bark. Then boil the workpiece in brackish water for 30 minutes.
In the side surface of the hemp cut holes or one large hole, the edges of which burn. Stump once again cleaned from the remnants of the bark, which were peeled off after cooking. It will be better to hold the finished wooden product for a week in ordinary cold water, changing it daily.
After all these procedures, the wooden grotto can be fixed at the bottom of the aquarium with the help of special silicone or pressed with stones.
In the same way, the snags that are treated in an artificial home pond are treated very effectively.The most important thing is not to use rotting wood, as rotting products can spread throughout the aquatic environment.
This material is present in almost every aquarium. The ease of use, ample opportunities for creating decorative figures - this is what makes it indispensable when designing the internal space.
Flat stones of rocks are well suited for the manufacture of hills, grottoes, caves. The same decorative structures made of smooth pebbles look very nice. In this case, the stones should be glued to each other with special aquarium silicone.Before placing stone elements in an aquarium, they, like wood, must always be prepared.
Stones are thoroughly cleaned of dirt and then boiled in water for at least 10 minutes.
Crafts from those stones that emit a lot of alkali should be avoided, as this drastically changes the chemical balance of water, which can lead to the creation of conditions unsuitable for pets.
By the way, it is very easy to check pebbles for alkalinity: it is enough to drop a few drops of vinegar on their surface. If sizzling bubbles appear, an alkaline reaction occurs. Consequently, these stones contain limestone and cannot be used.
The same applies to shells and corals, which can be used when the inhabitants of the aquarium are some of the African cichlids living in natural conditions in weak alkaline water.For all other cases, ideal rocks such as basalt, granite, sandstone, sea pebbles. You should only avoid decorating the interior with stones with sharp edges and edges.
Ceramic products as decorations
Ceramic pots fit perfectly into the aquarium interior. True, many experts do not recommend the use of Chinese ceramics, emitting harmful chemicals into the water.
If there is still free space in the water house, then you can purchase a real clay pot or a deep bowl at a folk arts fair or from villagers.
The pot is usually placed on the bottom of the banks to the side and fixed with stones. And you can cut several holes in different places, carefully rounding their sharp edges.
Some general rules for decorating
No matter how much you want to decorate your aquarium with various crafts, do not overly clutter up the interior space. It must be remembered that its inhabitants need more space for swimming.
It is recommended to place home-made decorations in the background or on the sides, since the basis of any aquarium is its inhabitants, not crafts. In addition, such an arrangement will help to hide technical devices from the eyes to ensure the vital activity of the fish (filter, aerator, thermometer). In the central part of the aquarium composition it is desirable to leave only low decorative elements.
In pet stores you can easily buy almost everything you need to design a house for fish. But only well-hand-made decorations can serve as the object of pride of any aquarist and give the internal space a unique look and beauty.
We build a grotto in the aquarium of stones, clay, wood
For the aquarium fish lover, the most important principle is a comfortable and safe pet life.Those who are seriously interested in issues of a comfortable settlement and well-being of a water nursery are constantly interested in issues of beauty, cleanliness and safety of a home pond. Each fish, shrimp, snail needs its own shelter, where it can protect itself from prying eyes or aggressive behavior of neighbors in the house.
The grotto for the aquarium is an indispensable item of the underwater world, but getting a quality product is not so easy. You can buy it in the store, make it yourself, but no one can protect the lives of pets like you do. Any available material is not always suitable for the construction of a fish dwelling. Poor quality glue, toxic materials and parasites can be on any surface.
Grottoes are great as decoration for any aquarium.
A kind of refuge for the fish just do it yourself, after selecting the appropriate starting materials. Eliminate construction glue, paint, plastic, glass and sealants. Firstly, they are malicious, and secondly, if improperly treated, they can injure a pet. How to make a grotto for an aquarium, as well as examples of grottoes from stones and other useful materials are given below.
How to make a grotto of stone
You can easily make a grotto for aquarium out of stone with your own hands, for this you will need:
- Steam-treated sea or river stones (pebbles) of the same size;
- Silicone aquarium adhesive sealant with a gun;
- Stand for stones.
Put on the stand the first layer of stones in the desired shape so that it looks like a horseshoe. On each layer of stones apply sealant in such quantity that the stones are well attached to each other. Avoid glue leaking from the holes.
Watch a short video on how to make a cave of stone.
To make the outlines of the grotto, you must take any cone-shaped packaging or roll, and place it in the center of the structure. Let it stay there until the outline of the shelter appears. Some aquarists recommend putting crumpled paper in it to build the roof of the structure, but this is not always a convenient solution. It is easier to lay out the pebbles layer by layer, attaching it with glue.
After the seams are dried, the cave should be placed in water for several days, replacing it daily. It is necessary to flush out harmful compounds from stones and glue. After the entire procedure, the cave can be run into the aquarium. It will turn out to be a beautiful, massive and mysterious grotto, where your fish will live with pleasure.
How to make a grotto of wood
A grotto made of wood can also be made by hand. The material handling procedure will take much longer, but its look and benefits are worth it. Do not use water-staining wood (for example, oak), or rotten snags.
Using the available tools (hacksaws, saws, drills) make the required number of holes in the tree. All openings with channels must be set on fire so that the wood does not start to rot in the future. Using emery paper, clean the surface of the material to remove all scuffs and splinters. Place the tree for how many days in a separate tank of water to process. The tree softens the water, the fish in such a grotto will be very comfortable.
Clay is a natural eco-material from which they make useful things with their own hands. Some use pots of clay and process them with boiling water, placing them in an aquarium, others mold the structures themselves.
If you buy clay, let it be of high quality and without dyes (blue, yellow, black, red clay will not work). It is possible to make a construction of any size and any shape, the main thing is that the opening for entry should correspond to the size of the fish. After modeling, clay is burned at a high temperature in the oven or stove. You have to be a good master so that the material does not fall apart after production.
Look at the grotto of the original form.
Some fish lovers prefer to bring corals from the resorts, and place them immediately in the aquarium to the fish. Such a decision is not always correct, since untreated corals can injure fish, and microorganisms that have settled in their channels can become a source of disease.
Cement and concrete have a strong alkaline reaction - in acidic water with a pH of 7.0 and below, structures made of these materials are permissible. However, in neutral and alkaline water, cement will spoil the water, and it will be unsuitable for fish. In addition, to make high-quality grottoes with their own hands from such durable materials is quite difficult. Simple and proven materials guarantee your life and health to your fish.
See also: House of the mowed shell - how to do it yourself.