Aquarium background - do it yourself
Aquarium decoration cannot be imagined without such an important detail as the background. With him home water corner looks much more beautiful, neater and more alive. To choose this element of decor today is not difficult - the range in pet stores is impressive. Here and film of all shades, which is easy and simple to glue on the aquarium, and finished bulk designs. But still, sometimes it’s impossible to find what the soul desires, and then a simple decision is made - to decorate the background for the aquarium with your own hands.
Why do I need a background?
Before discussing the advantages and disadvantages of self-made backgrounds, it is useful to find out why an internal background is needed. Moreover, you should immediately make a reservation: what kind of décor you will glue on your aquarium, you need to take care in advance before you start planting trees and settling the tank.
The background has a number of positive qualities, thanks to which you can call it an integral element of the aquarium. In general, its background performs the following functions:
- Practical function. The background can be used as a completely utilitarian detail. Especially if it is a volumetric background. If you stick such a background in the aquarium, you can mask the wires and hoses from the equipment and "fill" the tank if you are experiencing a lack of decorative elements.
- Decorative function. Not only the shape of the tank, the exoticism of the plants and the brightness of the fish affect the appearance of the aquarium - it also depends on your decision - which background you decide to glue. Properly chosen decor will hide some flaws and vice versa put an emphasis on the pros, make the coloring of rare and exotic fish brighter, give your aquarium exclusivity.
As you can see, the aquarium background really plays an important role in the design. But each aquarist has his own wishes and requirements for the appearance of his corner. Therefore, there are different types of backgrounds, differing in both the material of manufacture, and the structure and qualities.
- Ready background. Such a voluminous background can be purchased at the pet store - it is made of polyurethane and can repeat the texture of various materials, from stone to wood. It is easy to glue it, and with proper care during installation, it will last a long time.
- Paint. The most old-fashioned method of decorating the back wall of the aquarium. This method has a whole list of disadvantages: the uneven distribution of paint leads to the appearance of gaps in the background; paint toxicity can be a threat to fish; the process is long, tedious and too troublesome.
- Film. Sold in the form of sheets, presented in a wide variety of designs and easy to use. You just need to gently stick the film onto the wall so that there are no bubbles and ... everything! This process of creating a colorful background ends. The film can be selected as monophonic - from white to black, and with various photo collages and drawings.
Variants of making a homemade background, there are many, as well as materials that are suitable for creativity. Armed with quite affordable and simple materials, you can even make a 3d background for an aquarium with your own hands.
The background for the aquarium with your own hands can be made of the following materials:
- polyurethane foam;
- stones, snags and other natural materials.
To make the background of the foam, you will need:
- tile adhesive;
- silicone glue;
- acrylic paint;
- stationery knife.
- Do not look for smooth and smooth foam - the more bumps and corners, the better. It must be broken down into uneven pieces and also glued unevenly to each other - up to the size of the rear aquarium wall.
- Cover the panel with tile glue (2-3 layers). After it dries, you can start painting. Paint choose on the basis of the texture that you gave the background; brown and gray tones are usually appropriate.
- It is better to apply paint with a sponge - so it will be distributed unevenly, which will give the panel more naturalness than an even layer.
- When the background dries out thoroughly, immerse it in water for three days, with water replaced every 24 hours. This will get rid of potentially harmful impurities in the paint or other components of the background.
The background of the foam is almost the same as the background of the foam. The only difference is that the process is a little longer due to the drying of the foam.
- polyurethane foam;
- putty knife;
- acrylic paint;
- epoxy resin.
How to do:
- Spread plastic wrap on a flat surface and press the mounting foam onto it to match the size of the back wall. Gently smear it with a spatula.
- Pour a thin layer of soil onto the not yet frozen foam - this is necessary to make the structure heavier. After that, apply another layer of foam and leave to dry.
- Paint mix with epoxy. Everything must be done carefully, but quickly, because the resin hardens quickly. Covering the panel with a mixture, make sure that the paint goes smoothly and does not leave gaps.
The use of foam and paints for many aquarists is considered unacceptable - because they may contain toxic substances, which in the case of cracks in the structure will fall into the water and harm the fish. In this case, it would be ideal to make a panel of natural materials, usually stones.
To create such a construction you will need:
- PVC plate in the size of the back wall;
- silicone glue;
- polyurethane foam;
- epoxy resin.
- Using silicone sealant, it is necessary to glue the stones to the PVC panel in the order you need, creating a relief. At the same time, deep gaps, which in any case remain, are filled with mounting foam.
- When everything is dry, cover the construction with epoxy resin - a uniform smooth layer.
- You can add dry twigs, artificial plants, shells and other decorations to the stones that you want to add to the background of your aquarium.
How to glue?
Making the background may not be so difficult compared to the next step: stick it in the aquarium to the back wall. This question is especially important if you are the owner of a large aquarium, which stands firmly against the wall, and it may be simply problematic to glue the background again.
Depending on the material and structure, the background can be fixed with silicone sealant, glycerin or scotch tape.
If we are talking about the film, then attach scotch - the easiest option. But you need to purchase a film with a margin - so that it protrudes several centimeters from each side of the aquarium. The background must be taped to the back wall on one side, then neatly smoothed and attached on the remaining three sides.
Glue a flexible background glycerin more reliable than one tape. To begin with, the surface of the aquarium wall is carefully wiped, then one edge of the background is glued with tape. The back wall of the aquarium is smeared with glycerin - evenly distributing it with your hands or a brush. On the greased surface gently begin to impose a background - smooth out the irregularities and bubbles with a spatula. With the help of adhesive tape you need to attach the edges - for greater reliability.
A volumetric background made of material that is heavier and denser will have to be attached to the inner surface of the aquarium with the help of a silicone sealant. This background must be glued properly, because it is inside, and the remaining gaps can cause injury to the fish.
Aquarium background - an integral element of the aquarium, especially if it is standing against the wall. You can choose a variety of options: attach a finished volume panel or stick a beautiful film with a photo collage. You can also make the background yourself, having on hand quite affordable tools. However, if you are not 100% sure of your abilities, it is better not to risk it - a poorly made construction can cause illness and death of the fish.
In the aquarium, it is important not only to think over the internal design and select the fish and plants, but also to complete the complete impression of the aquaddesign with the help of the background. Decorating the back wall of the aquarium will allow him to create the look of a real corner of wildlife.
Non-volumetric ways to design the background of the aquarium
The easiest way is to paint the outer side of the back wall with a paint of the chosen color: blue, dark green, black, or brown-beige. Monochrome backgrounds are used by amateurs who want to pay attention to the beauty of fish, plants and interior decor.
The black background is most often used for an aquarium when decorating the back wall in solid colors. With such a background, the viewer's attention is focused on fish and plants, the details of stones, snags are visually highlighted. Black color creates depth, and the interior of the aquarium looks more natural. Juicy green algae and bright colors of fish on a black background look just great.
Blue or green background color adds brightness and creates a depth effect, often used to decorate saltwater aquariums. All types of fish on this background will look very beautiful.
On the modern market offers a large number of backgrounds made of film. It can be monophonic or with original images (views of the seabed, underwater landscapes, algae, fish). Background film is attached to the outer side of the back wall with a special glue to simulate underwater landscapes, rocks and marine plants in an aquarium. The advantage of this design is that it can be easily replaced when it gets bored. They are very inexpensive and look pretty impressive.
Volumetric views of the background design of the aquarium
Now on sale, embossed backgrounds have appeared that can give volume and make the underwater landscape more natural and realistic. Polyurethane structural backgrounds for an aquarium are attached to the back wall with silicone glue, imitate the natural habitat - stony and short-haired landscapes, corals and create a fascinating effect.
Relief (volumetric) flexible backgrounds from polyurethane will be the best effective decoration for a marine or freshwater aquarium. Such design maximally imitates natural elements - rocks, stones, snags, shells, unique underwater landscapes. Polyurethane copies of natural elements do not differ from natural ones. Inside they are completely hollow and allow you to hide the internal communications of the aquarium.
A background with a 3d effect for an aquarium is created using an external dry glass box with backlight. Inside it creates an imitation of the sea or herbalist, highlighted by lamps. Such a vessel is glued behind the aquarium, visible through the water column and gives a volumetric effect. 3d effect can be done inside the aquarium with colored foam, moss, stones.
Background for the aquarium, collected from various elements, is called decorative. This design is created using various decorations: moss, stones, bamboo, snags, shells, underwater castles, sunken ships, coral reefs. They can also mask the aquarium equipment.
Which background is better to choose for the aquarium, each fan chooses himself, considering all their advantages and disadvantages. Film and painted monochromatic backgrounds are inexpensive, do not become dirty, and do not occupy space in the aquarium; they can, if desired, be painlessly replaced. Volumetric backgrounds - the most beautiful, but not cheap solution. They become dirty and difficult to clean. In any case, the aquarium will look spectacular, and the background will emphasize the beauty of the fish and the decoration of the home pond.