The best filter for aquarium: types of filtering, photo-video review
Good filter for aquarium Which is better to choose?
As a rule, such a question arises from a conscious aquarist before purchasing and choosing a filtration system for your water body. Of course, it is possible to let everything take its course, as many do - go and buy a filter in the pet store, which is available and offered by the sellers. But, only then do not have to complain about the sellers and regret their wasted money. Sellers have such a job - to sell the product and it doesn’t matter your fate and the fate of your filter.
Glad you looked at this page! This means that you approach this issue correctly - first read, learn, and then make a decision. After all, this approach to the business level almost all the risks of acquiring a not-good aquarium filter.
In this article, we will not tell you in detail and boringly the details of the various aquarium water filtration processes, but try to focus on the quality characteristics of the filter and the nuances of its choice, to give advice. To the same readers who are looking for where to buy a good filter for an aquarium, at a reasonable price, we recommend you pay attention to the time-tested aquarium shop ReefTime.ruthere is just a huge selection of filters. From recommendations we suggest to pay attention to a line of filters from Hydordetails of which are written here!
So, before choosing a filter, you must understand, and which filter is good for your aquarium ?! For this you need to think about what fish, what plants will live in your pond, how many will be. If the aquarium is large, there will be a large number of large fish swimming in it, there will be a lot of plants, then the filter should cope with this and most effectively remove all "sewage" from the aquarium water. But, if it is a small aquarium, and you are not going to breed “sharks” in it, then I personally do not see the point of taking a powerful filter filter, you can do with a “standard” filter and thus save a considerable amount of money.
I think everything is clear here, so let's move on to the next question.
Before buying an aquarium filter, you need to find out what filtering mechanism is used in it.
There are four MAIN TYPES OF AQUARIUM WATER FILTRATION:
- MECHANICAL FILTRATION;
- CHEMICAL FILTRATION;
- BIOLOGICAL FILTRATION;
- COMBINED FILTRATION;
Let's briefly review the principles of each filter with a specific type of water filtration.
Mechanical filters and aquarium filtration
- These are the simplest and at the same time effective filters for an aquarium. Some "old fashioned" call them "glasses." The essence of their work is very simple - the filter has a pump (motor) and an absorbent sponge. The pump pumps the aquarium water, which passes through the sponge, is cleaned. Such filtration effectively copes with the removal of large contaminants: food residues, fish excreta, residues of dead organisms, etc.
If you have a small aquarium and not very large fish swim in it, such a mechanical filter will be quite enough.
Chemical Filters and Aquarium Filtration
- These are filters that provide filtering through various absorbents. The most common absorbent is aquarium coal. Also in the aquarium used and other absorbents - ion exchange resins, for example, zeolite. Filters that provide for the possibility of such filtering are more practical than mechanical ones. Since the pores of absorbent materials are able to absorb smaller particles of pollution of aquarium water, and ion exchange resins can effectively fight even the most harmful poisons - ammonia, nitrite and nitrate, which are formed and gradually accumulate in the aquarium.
Biofilters filters and aquarium biological filtration
- Perhaps this is the most valuable filtering for the aquarium. Its essence lies in the presence of a special compartment in the filter for breeding a colony of "beneficial" bacteria, which multiply on a special substrate, for example, ceramics. These bacteria are important and very useful hydrobionts of any aquarium. They are involved in the denitrification process, to put it simply - they feed and decompose ammonia, nitrites and nitrates to a gaseous state. And, as many people know, NO2NO3 are the worst enemies of the aquarium inhabitants, in most cases they are the root cause of the fish disease.
Combined filters and aquarium filtration
- These are filters that combine the possibility of using various types of filtration of aquarium water. Some filters have all three of the above filtering types. But it is worth noting that even the simplest mechanical filter can be used as a combined one. That is, use in it and absorbent sponge, and for example aquarium coal.
photo mechanical aquarium filterleft and right
photo biofilter aquarium combined
So let's summarize the above. If you have a small pond and not very big fish, then your choice is a mechanical filter. Such filters are not expensive, easy to operate and clean. But, if you have a large aquarium, large fish or just a lot of them, then our recommendation for you is to choose a combined filter with the presence of biofiltration. Such a filter is more expensive, more difficult to clean, but it will serve you well.For those who still want to do mathematics or want to make an aquarium filter on their own, here is the formula for calculating the power of the aquarium filter
Buying a good aquarium filter, you should also pay attention to its technical characteristics. In a word on power. The power of the filter is determined by its ability to pass a certain amount of water for a certain period of time. Usually 300l./hour is written on the filter pack, 1000l./hour - pay attention to this.
If you do not want to bother with the calculation of the required filter bandwidth, then you can simply look at the recommended aquarium volumes for this filter, which are written by the manufacturers on the packaging, for example, "designed for a volume of 150l.". However, this figure is not always true.
Therefore, we advise you to take the filter with the mark "recommended volume" much higher.
A rather important technical characteristic of the filter is its "noise". Good aquarium filters are noisy, but quiet. Agree, I would not like to hear the roar of the engine from the aquarium at night, as if "a flock of night bikers travels around your bed." If possible, do not take Chinese aquarium filters or filters of unclear brands. Trademarks that have proven themselves in the market, try to make their products high-quality and silent, but such filters are much more expensive than Chinese. It is very difficult to recommend you a particular firm - there are many of them, and they are not always “branded”. But, based on my own experience, I dare to draw your attention to the TM "AquaEL" - a combination of price and quality.
There is still a small aspect of the technical part of the aquarium filter - this is its assembly and disassembly and accessories. Some filters, even mechanical ones, are equipped with two containers, some with one, some are equipped with additional nozzles for aeration and other gadgets, others are not. Some are easy to disassemble and clean, others are difficult. Therefore, choosing the best aquarium filter in the store, at least turn it in your hands, look at the accessories, think about whether you need them or not.
Now let's consider the issue of choosing an aquarium filter based on its location.
ALL POPULAR AQUARIUM FILTERS CAN BE DIVIDED INTO:
- INTERNAL FILTERS;
- EXTERNAL FILTERS;
Internal aquarium filters- fasten and work inside the aquarium. They can be of all types of filtration, that is, mechanical, chemical, biological and combined.
Perhaps these are the most popular and best-selling filters. Their price is much cheaper than external filters, easy to operate and clean. As a drawback, some aquarists point out that they occupy space in the aquarium - thereby eating up precious volumes. However, this is a controversial point, because the filter does not occupy 1/3 of the aquarium. Well, yes, it takes 2-3 liters of volume, hanging quietly in the corner. It seems to me that this is not a very significant drawback, especially for medium and large aquariums.
External aquarium filters
- these are filters that are located and installed outside the aquarium, only the tubes are lowered into the aquarium. It is difficult to give a positive or negative assessment of such a filter - someone is happy with it, some is not. Therefore, I will simply list the advantages and disadvantages:
- a large amount of filter materials, thereby achieving maximum water purification;
- combined filtration with purity levels;
- high price;
- This is a huge "bucket" near the aquarium;
- there is always the likelihood of a flood (as a rule, when the assembly is incorrect);
Mounted aquarium filters
- This is a compromise between the internal and external filter. The hybrid of both is "hanging from the outside, but working inside." These filters are not so popular among aquarists, because they work according to the principle “not yours is not yours,” perhaps its only distinguishing advantage is compactness and space preservation both in and under the aquarium.
So, summing up the above, we can recommend internal filters for small, medium and not very large aquariums (up to 200 liters). For large aquariums, external aquarium filters will be good. Of course, this statement is relative, because no one has yet canceled individual aspects and wishes.
Concluding this article, I would like to note that there are other methods, mechanisms for filtering aquarium water, such as the bottom filter or "false". Such methods are less popular and have a number of advantages and disadvantages. In the future, if necessary, you can make them yourself.
I want to believe that this article has helped you determine the choice of the best aquarium filter. But, remember that no even the coolest filter will not replace the banal weekly replacement of aquarium water.
AQUARIUM WATER SUBSTITUTE IS THE BEST FILTRATION
Silent aquarium compressor: how to select and install
Small-sized aquarium compressor is an essential accessory for keeping ornamental fish at home. His choice and proper installation will provide the necessary conditions for the life of aquatic fauna and flora. Manufacturers offer different types of compressors, and therefore there is the problem of choosing the optimal type of device. Let's try to figure it out.
Why do you need a compressor in an aquarium?
The answer is obvious to everyone who has seen this device in operation: it increases the oxygen content in aquarium water. Water in a stationary state may eventually turn into a kind of swamp.
And, as a result, to the disease, and in the worst case to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. The compressor, feeding air into the water, enriches it with oxygen, creates streams of air and water. This process is called aeration, and such compressors are sometimes referred to as aerators. Simply put, this is an air pump.
Types of compressors
Aquarium microcompressors in their device are divided into two main groups: membrane and piston.
The first type of pump delivers air through the movement of special membranes that allow air flow only in one direction. Such an aquarium compressor consumes very little electricity and operates with low noise.
The main disadvantage of this device is low power. Aerator is not suitable for large containers. However, for example, for a 150-liter home aquarium, a small membrane silent compressor will fit perfectly.
Another type of aquarium aerators - piston compressors. From their name it follows that air is pushed out with the help of a piston. These aerators are more expensive, but their advantage is high performance and durability.
True, the noise level of reciprocating compressors is somewhat higher than in devices of the first type. Such aerators are usually installed in large aquariums or columns.
Home aerators of both types are both powered by household electrical network, and from batteries. Each aerator kit includes a flexible hose from which pumped air comes out.
Aquarium equipment manufacturers produce a wide variety of low-noise aerators.
First of all, it should be noted the products of the German company Schego, which produces compressors for home aquariums and columns of virtually any capacity.
So, for a small 70-liter aquarium, a small-sized Schego Prima aerator with a capacity of 100 liters per hour and a power of 3 watts is suitable.
But for a decorative large-capacity water column, you can purchase a Schego W53M noiseless compressor with a capacity of 350 liters per hour and a capacity of 5 watts. It provides air to a depth of 5 meters.
Chinese Triton Aerator
One of the most common models of silent microcompressors. It has two aeration channels with a power of 2.9 W, which ensures reliable circulation of air and water in an aquarium with a capacity of up to 170 liters.
Equipment from Collar
Very convenient small-sized silent aerators are produced by the Ukrainian company Collar. The aPUMP compressor of this manufacturer is considered one of the most silent in the world. With a power of only 1.5 W, it provides reliable aeration of the aquatic environment in a 100-liter aquarium at a depth of 80 centimeters.
These examples show that when choosing a silent compressor you need to proceed from
- the size of the aquarium
- power consumption of the device,
- as well as the required depth of air supply.
Install silent compressor correctly
Silent aquarium compressor installation is quite simple. The external aerator must be placed on the shelf or directly on the glass cover of the aquarium so that the length of the hose allows for aeration from the bottom up.
That is, the end of the spray hose (if any) was as close as possible to the bottom of the tank. Sprayer is advised to use to ensure that air bubbles are as small as possible. In this case, the process of enriching the aquatic environment with oxygen is more intensive.
Some models of household silent compressors for an aquarium are supplied with suckers. This is very convenient, as the aerator can be securely attached directly to the glass wall of the fish house. Of course, you must have a nearby power source (sockets).
How to use aquarium compressor?
There are several opinions when it is necessary to conduct aeration of water. Some aquarists silent compressor runs continuously without shutdown. Although the power consumption of the aerator is quite small, many owners of ornamental fish use the device on schedule: 2 hours of work, 2 hours break.
It is also advised to conduct aeration of water at night, with minimal illumination.
The choice of silent compressors for aquariums is quite wide, and it is quite possible to purchase the most silent aerator. In this case, a quiet life will be ensured for both the fish and their owners.
Video review membrane aquarium compressor company Schego Optimal:
Filters for the aquarium: which one is better
A filter is a device for purifying (filtering) any medium. Accordingly, the aquarium filter is designed to clean the water in the house for fish. Like any other device, filters for aquariums are of different types. When buying, it is important to immediately select the device that is really suitable for this aquarium.
Why do I need cleaning?
The aquatic environment in the home water is always required to filter. This is an axiom that does not require proof. If in nature, running water is filtered naturally, then a fixed aquarium environment must be cleaned forcibly.
On this depends the normal existence of ornamental fish and aquarium plants. Ideally, an aquarium cleaner should:
- be small;
- have high reliability, ease of maintenance;
- and the efficiency of its work should correspond to the volume of water being purified.
Types of Aquarium Filters
By their constructive arrangement, filtering devices for aquariums can be:
Internal filter device
Located directly in the tank, is perhaps the most popular in the home aquarium.
Such filters are the cheapest and easiest to use. The only drawback - they occupy a useful volume of aquarium space.
Some aquarium owners prefer external filters. The device itself (aquarists call it a bucket) is located on the outside next to the tank, and two tubes are put into the aquatic environment to pump out the dirty water and pump clean after filtration.
The advantage of such devices is their high performance. In addition, they do not occupy a useful place inside the aquarium. Disadvantages: relative high cost and large dimensions.
Mounted aquarium filters
This is a compromise when the device is attached to the wall of the aquarium, and the filter element is located in the water. However, such devices are not very popular.
A very interesting type of filters for the aquarium. Another name for the bottom filter is counterfeit. In this device, a flat filter element (plate) is laid on the bottom of the aquarium and is covered with soil on top.
Water purification goes from the bottom up, and the water passes a double purification: not only through the filter element, but also through a layer of soil. The disadvantages of such devices is their low productivity and complexity in maintenance. In large aquariums, they are usually not used.
Types of filter elements
Aquarium water filtration itself can be
- mechanical (separation of small debris particles)
- biochemical (neutralization of harmful impurities and substances).
Such problems are designed to solve filter materials in the aquatic environment.
The most common filtering element is a special sponge, fine and porous. Water, forcibly passing through the pores of the sponge, leaves mechanical debris in it (remnants of food, plants, and other foreign substances).
Approximately in 6-7 days of work, colonies of beneficial bacteria are formed on the sponge, which carry out biological treatment (for example, from excess nitrates and generated methane). Such sponges should be cleaned of accumulated debris after about 2 weeks of operation. The exact timing of cleaning and its order must be indicated in the filter's instruction manual.
Another type of filter filler is activated carbon. Due to its chemical properties, it purifies water more qualitatively.
But with such filters you need to be extremely careful: with the full saturation of activated carbon with harmful impurities, it spontaneously produces their release into the environment. This phenomenon can in the worst case even lead to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Experienced aquarists do not recommend using such aquarium cleaners.
Multipore ceramic bio fillings
Get more widespread. This may be special ceramic balls. Beneficial bacteria quickly settle on such a surface, creating large colonies.
The effectiveness of biological treatment of the aquatic environment increases many times. Naturally, such filter elements are used in conjunction with mechanical cleaning filters.
What device to buy? Criterias of choice
All commercially available aquarium filters perform their functions well. What brand of device to give their preference? An exact and unequivocal answer to this question is difficult to obtain.
If the aquarium is large enough, you can purchase an internal filter. So, the internal filters are well established. Aquael fan Polish production. They are easy to install, reliable, with excellent filtering. In addition, such devices additionally produce and aeration of water.
Products of the German company are in good demand. Eheim. The line of silent filters of this manufacturer is designed for aquariums of any capacity.If you want to save the internal space of the aquarium, the external filter is the best option. It must be understood, however, that such a filter is an expensive pleasure.
According to a number of aquarists, Polish external devices Aquael UNIMAX represent the optimal combination of quality, efficiency and price.
German company external filters Tetra developed using the latest technology of bio-purification of water. They work reliably without changing filter elements for at least 6 months.
Many aquarists who prefer bottom filters use Chinese-made devices from the company. HAILEA. Prices for such filters are quite reasonable, but their maintenance requires more time.
Thus, the criteria for choosing a filter are: the volume of the aquarium, the price, simplicity and reliability of the device. In any case, before buying an aquarium filter it is better to consult with experienced owners of ornamental fish.
Silent aeration of the aquarium through the internal filter
In the aquarium 60l the most silent filter and aeration.
EHEIM, JEBO, TETRA- filters are quite silent. Another thing almost all internal filters do with aeration. The process of aeration itself creates noise so you cannot get rid of noise 100%. Good-quality filters have water flow and air intake regulators. Some are equipped with a sprinkler, which contributes to the enrichment of water with oxygen due to better mixing of water layers. Experienced aquarists (not all) know that a good flow from the filter contributes to good oxygen enrichment, so they place it so that the outlet is located as close as possible to the surface of the water and they do not use filter and compressor aeration (in no case can not be overfed fish, good plant growth, water changes and other proper care should be ensured). The Compressor Mouse M-102 is relatively silent (absolutely no talk is possible — the human ear picks up the slightest sounds at night) and is inexpensive.
With Roman, I do not quite agree that the filter does not solve anything. Solves. It brings useful bacteria that feed on poisons from urine and fish droppings and translate them into more harmless substances. Therefore, the more water is chased through it, the more food is for them. If you turn off the filter for more than 2 hours, they die en masse. Plus long off the filter needs to be washed in aquarium water, since after switching it on it will dump some of the dirt into the aquas.
Therefore, let him work around the clock (I already got used to sleeping with two aquariums). Internal filters come with compartments for a sponge and special ceramics in which they live above. bacteria (often the place of bacteria in this compartment contains activated coal, which the user uses for a month, then they throw it away and change it for ceramics, which can be bought in a chow zoomagie by weight).
Enjoy the shopping.
the pump in the aquarium is JEBO-quiet, almost inaudible, the air intake tube is connected to the outlet, the water flow mixes with air, and a large sponge is inlet — all the water is sucked through it, but the filter still doesn’t solve anything it is better.