For aquarium

How to wash the soil for the aquarium


How to wash the soil for the aquarium :: preparing the soil in the aquarium :: Fish aquarium

How to wash the soil for the aquarium

On how well chosen and prepared priming for aquariumdepends on the well-being of its inhabitants, and the plants growing in it. That is why the task of selection and preparation primingbut it turns out to be more complicated than it seems at first glance.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers


1. The main problem is that most aquarium fish feel good only in soft water. If taken for aquarium priming contains soluble calcium salts, they will gradually go into the water and increase its hardness, which will adversely affect the inhabitants aquarium.

2. That is why the algorithm "find beautiful priming, rinse, pour into the aquarium "turns out to be wrong. Beautiful does not mean good, so for aquarium you can not use coral sand, small shell rock, marble chips, no matter how beautiful they look.

3. For aquarium fine sand with a diameter of sand grains smaller than 1 mm will not work either. Such priming it will be too dense, almost impenetrable to water, it will surely begin rotting processes. In such primingThe plants do not feel bad, their leaves will be small and faded.

4. Alternatively, in the case of using fine sand in the aquarium, it is necessary to arrange a second plastic bottom with small holes drilled in it. Distance between bottom aquarium and the second bottom is 1-2 cm. A fine mesh (not metal!) is put on the second bottom in two layers, and sand is poured onto it. Water is pumped out from the space under the second bottom of the pump, thereby ensuring its forced circulation through priming. This second bottom is useful for anyone. aquarium.

5. The best choice for aquarium primingand it will be small, with a diameter of 1 to 5 mm, gravel of quartz or feldspar. Pour it into the basin, fill it with water, drain the surfaced trash. Then rinse, stirring actively, until the water is completely clean.

6. In the event that there is a suspicion of elevated calcium, priming It is necessary to additionally process with hydrochloric acid, the bay for a couple of hours in a plastic basin. Then it should be washed for at least half an hour with running water to remove all traces of acid. To check whether there is primingf calcium, sprinkle it with hydrochloric acid or even regular vinegar. If bubbles appear, priming needs acid treatment.

7. Aquarium primingprepared in this way will not saturate the water with calcium salts, therefore its hardness will for a long time be kept at the optimum level. Sometimes novice aquarists just add water to replace evaporated - this is wrong, as it leads to a gradual increase in hardness. It is recommended not to top up, but to change at least 1/5 of the volume of all the water in the tank every week.

How to prepare the soil for the aquarium :: whether the water in the aquarium from the sea pebbles is contaminated :: Aquarium fish

Tip 1: How to prepare the ground for the aquarium

Aquaria - a very popular hobby. Its essence is to simulate the ecosystem in a closed artificial reservoir. Using his knowledge and capabilities, an aquarist creates an amazing world. Despite the diversity of aquariums, they are organized on the same principle: first put priming, then algae are planted and after that the fish are launched. Therefore, the first thing after you have acquired an aquarium, be engaged in preparing primingbut.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers


1. The main function priminga - it is a substrate for strengthening plants. Some aquarists to facilitate cleaning aquarium, do not use sand or pebbles at all, but if you want the aquarium to perform a decorative function, priming better still use. It is inhabited by organisms that process dead organics into useful substances and clean the aquarium. In addition, in primingDo not store carbon dioxide reserves that affect the buffer capacity of water.

2. When choosing primingAnd pay attention to the fact that it should not release soluble substances into water, should not be with sharp edges, so as not to injure the fish and should be permeable to water. Usually as primingand use river sand or pebbles. To make sure that priming suits you, it is enough to splash with vinegar. If after that no bubbles or foam appeared on the surface, then this priming can be used.

3. If you decide not to buy priming in the store, and prepare it yourself, go to the nearest stream or river for large river sand. Be sure to clean priming from impurities - sticks, particles of algae, paper.

4. Take a sieve and sift the sand through it. All that passes into the sieve, ruthlessly throw it away, it is still not suitable for use in an aquarium and will only pollute the water. Repeat the procedure several times, then proceed with the washing. primingbut.

5. Rinse thoroughly. priming under warm running water, constantly stirring it. It is necessary that priming completely cleaned of small particles. The better you wash the sand, the faster the water in the aquarium will become transparent, and you can populate the fish there.

6. If desired, priming can disinfect. To do this, rinse it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then do not forget to rinse the sand in running water again.

7. Now priming can be used in an aquarium. Lay it in an even layer of 4-7 centimeters and begin to create your underwater kingdom.

Tip 2: How to prepare water for the aquarium

Aquarium - transparent tank for the constant maintenance of fish. The water in the aquarium plays a huge role for the organisms and plants that live in it. Try to follow the purity of the water and adhere to the recommendations.

You will need

  • Aquarium, water and attached instructions.


1. Before planting in a new aquarium, plants and fish should be prepared not only waterbut the aquarium itself. The framed aquarium is thoroughly washed with warm water at room temperature with baking soda or laundry soap. Then it is filled with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two to three to ten days. After two or three days the procedure should be repeated. Water needs to be changed two or three times until the smell of paint disappears.

2. Organic glass aquariums are washed with warm water and salt or 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid is added. After that, they are again washed with warm water.
When filling out a new aquarium It should be remembered that it is first filled with water to half, and after two or three days water is added so that the top edge remains 4-8 cm. Thereby pressure on the glass aquarium increases gradually, and they do not burst.
Filling a small aquarium with water, a wide plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, and a piece of cardboard should be put under the stream in order not to blur the ground.

3. It is better to fill a large aquarium through a hose. At the same time, the water should fall on a deep plate placed on another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting, and not before it. In this case, when filling aquarium water will have to use a funnel with a reflective plate.
For aquarium need to find a coating (usually thick glass). It will protect it from dust, will not allow fish to jump out, will prevent too fast cooling and evaporation of water. If the air in the room is too dry, you can use the aquarium to humidify it. In this case, you can not cover the aquarium, but you need to lower the water level so that the fish can not jump out of it.
For air inflow into the aquarium and for rust protection of the steel frame, the coating is not placed on the walls aquarium, and on a small stand height 5-15mm. It can be pieces of an eraser, strips of organic glass, clips of non-oxidizing metal. But the aquarium, which contains fish that can jump well or climb walls through the gap, should be tightly covered.

4. How to make an aquarium beautiful.
Interior design aquarium should be close to the natural habitat of the fish, as we usually create an aquarium in order to have a corner of nature in the apartment. Sometimes it is possible to see blocks of marble imitating a flooded city or divers, from whose helmets air bubbles strike, but all this can be allowed only to a child in the children's room.
An aquarium not for kids should look as simple as possible outside and bright, but naturally inside. It is desirable to hide all devices and technical devices. Generally, choosing jewelry for aquarium, you need to strive, above all, to recreate the natural picture, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants aquarium - fish and plants.

5. It looks good soil, located steps, and the sand creeping into the water can be fixed with stones or hidden behind them strips of glass.
Trays of flowers, set along the back wall, create a good background. They can be placed steps: in front of plant low plants, and behind them are high.
Another variant of multi-tiered planting is possible: low plants are planted in front, and large ones are behind and from the sides. For lovers of asymmetry, you can suggest to plant in front, almost at the front glass, some large plant, and in the middle or side to put a stone or a snag, while throughout the aquarium let different plants grow. When choosing, remember that different plants require different lighting. Plants with the same requirements can be grouped at different levels and equip terraces (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones. In the overall composition of your aquarium there should be one or more eye-catching bright spots. The rest of the decorative tools should not be evident, they are better placed in the background.
Sometimes the big picture aquarium It has only one element that attracts attention. It should be a bush of a lush plant, for example, Japanese sagittaries or cryptocorynes. It needs to be planted slightly away from the center. aquarium, so as not to create unpleasant symmetry for the eyes, as well as to make room for feeding. Then around the edges will look good plants with ribbon-like leaves, normal vallisneria or branching elodeya and peristolistnikom that, growing, will create a frame in the background. Several bushes, not cluttering the middle aquarium and foreground, it is possible to arrange isoethis, helix vallisneria, and marcilia; the ground must always have a slope with the deepest place in the free, unplanted part aquariumwhere the dirt will be collected. On the surface of the water is good to let Ritchie, salvinia and a few bushes water cabbage or frog.

6. If you have two or three around aquariumWhen planting plants, it is necessary to think not only about creating an underwater landscape in each of them, but also about the general impression made by the living area as a whole.
The underwater picture, of course, reaches its greatest charm only when the plants start to grow: leaves oriented in relation to light, processes that occupy the most brightly lit areas, give the aquarium landscape greater naturalness.

7. To recreate the river landscape, round stones are used, to imitate rocks, flat stones of irregular shape, fragments without sharp edges. AT aquariumx with fish digging in the ground, large stones serving as grounds for high terraces are placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes glued with epoxy or cement.
Stones intended for aquariumshould not contain metals and calcium salts. It is best to use stones of basalt origin, as well as granite and some types of sandstone. If the chemical composition of the stone is suspicious, it can be treated with a solution of hydrochloric acid, like gravel.
The roots and branches of the trees look beautiful in the aquarium. For registration, you can use snags, which for a long time lay in running water or peat bogs. The best breeds are alder and willow. You can not put in the aquarium rotten tree, lain some time under a layer of silt. Fully unusable live wood. Roots or branches, even if they were in running water for a long time, should be boiled in a saturated solution of salt before being placed in an aquarium. Such processing disinfects the wood and compacts its structure - the boiled snags become dense, heavy and sink in water.
For tropical decoration aquarium You can use coconut shells, bamboo stalks and reeds.

8. In aquariumx For twilight, nocturnal or territorial fish species, cover should be made for each such fish. To do this, put on the ground snags (again, alder or willow); individual or folded in the form of caves, grottoes large stones; sanding, gravel, stones or driftwood trimming ceramic pipes or pots.

9. For the period of spawning in an aquarium it is necessary to create shelters or a substrate for caviar. These can be flower pots lying on their sides, coconut shells, pottery, cutting glass, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles, etc. However, these items should not have sharp corners and emit harmful substances in water.
In the fry tag set by females of viviparous breeds of fish you need to hang a piece of glass. It should hang obliquely on aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its side edges are adjacent to the walls. aquarium, and the bottom had a gap of 3-4 mm, through which the fry would have the opportunity to fall down.
It is impossible often and the more completely to change water in aquarium. For most species of tropical fish water simply update, and this is done no more than once every seven to ten days.
For this rubber hose from the bottom aquarium suck debris and remnants of food, drain no more than 1/3, and preferably 1/5 of the total water volume, topping water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium. Fresh water should be added in small portions, gradually.
In cold water aquariums when pouring water should not be heated. For warm-water aquariums, it is best to use water 1-2 degrees warmer than water. aquarium.
Partial change of water is carried out in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), while cleaning the bottom and glasses. But you should try to minimize even a partial change of water. When changing water or cleaning aquarium fish do not need to catch.
A complete change of water is a last resort and should be carried out in exceptional cases: in the event of illness and death of fish, the appearance of parasitic microorganisms, etc. After a complete change of water, biological balance must be established anew. And with a well-established stable regime, water may not change over the years.


Before you start a fish in the aquarium (or even buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other. And do not immediately run into the aquarium a lot of fish - they are too much upset the biological balance of the aquarium, as a result, they may die.

Before placing the fish in tap water, let it stand at room temperature for at least two days, so that chlorine escapes from it. Water is defended in enameled, glass, clay, plastic dishes for food.

Cleaning the soil in the aquarium: how to clean the soil

In addition, the soil is a substrate for plants, providing all the necessary conditions for the proper functioning of various microorganisms, whose main task is the processing of waste products of fish. However, the soil performs the function of a simple mechanical filter that absorbs a variety of microscopic particles and suspensions.

Ground treatment for aquarium

Before you put the soil in the aquarium, you need to prepare for this.

First of all, it should be thoroughly rinsed. It is necessary to wash the soil until the water is absolutely clear and transparent without the slightest signs of turbidity. After that, the soil is recommended to boil for 15-20 minutes.

The next stage - the calcination of the soil. This process will destroy the organic matter remaining in the substrate, which can cause a variety of diseases in fish. For this, the soil is laid out evenly on a baking sheet and left in a preheated oven for about half an hour.

The final stage of soil treatment is its processing with slightly warm 25% hydrochloric acid. After this procedure, the soil must be rinsed several times under running water.

After the treatment of the soil, it is recommended to leave it for about a month in an unpopulated aquarium in order for the bacteria that could remain in it to die.

It is also necessary to take into account that the soil that has passed all the stages of preparation loses the lion’s share of its nutrients and in order for the plants that are planned to be rooted in the soil not be hungry, it is necessary to add fertilizer to it regularly.

How to clean the soil in the aquarium

Soil is a place of accumulation of a variety of biological waste, such as: waste products of fish, dead plant parts, food remains. If you do not take any action, then soon the ground will begin to silt, and the aquarium will turn into a real swamp.

Ground Cleaning:

The simplest cleaning of the soil in the aquarium is a regular replacement of a part of the water with simultaneous siphoning of the substrate. To replace the best fit ordinary tap water, settled for 1-2 days. It is necessary to avoid water changes in the amount of more than 30% of the total volume of the aquarium - this can cause irreparable harm to its inhabitants.

The regularity with which it is necessary to clean the soil in an aquarium is strictly individual and depends on many factors: the type of fish, the volume and frequency of their feeding, the presence of snags, the type and condition of living plants in the aquarium, the height of the soil and the number of hydrobionts per total volume of the aquarium.

By adhering to these simple rules for the treatment and maintenance of the soil, you can significantly extend the viability of your aquarium, thereby giving yourself the pleasure of observing the life of the colorful underwater world without leaving your apartment.

How to clean the soil in the aquarium?

Aquarium is not just a beautiful interior detail, it is also a complex biological system with its own hierarchy. And in order for this colorful part of the living world to please with its beautiful view every day, it is necessary not only to create favorable conditions for the inhabitants, but also to make regular and thorough cleaning of the aquarium.

Water change

First of all, a novice aquarist should know that cleaning the aquarium will require a lot of time and effort, but it's worth it.

The whole procedure should start with a water change. You should not change it all, it will be enough to replace only 30%. To do this, take a hose with a special funnel at the end and drop one end to the bottom of the aquarium, and the other into the bucket, where we will drain the unwanted water.

Cleaning the bottom and the ground

At the bottom of the aquarium accumulates a lot of dirt. To get rid of them, you can use the same hose with a funnel to drain the water, or you can clean it with a special pear with a rubber or glass tip, dropping it to the bottom.

It should be remembered that this is a very powerful device for removing dirt from an aquarium, therefore, you need to be careful with it so that the fish do not inadvertently suck into it.

Thus, the aquarium soil is cleaned from the remnants of food and accumulated debris. It is necessary to do cleaning carefully, it is not necessary to lower and hold the hose in one place, we collect garbage around the perimeter of the aquarium. This procedure may require transplanting plants, since you need to clean the entire soil, and not a certain part of it.

Many people are interested in: “How to clean the soil in the aquarium, so that there is no turbidity in the water?". The answer is simple - no way. In any case, it will settle down after we fill the aquarium with clean water and let it stand for a while.

General cleaning aquarium

Once a year, making a general cleaning of the aquarium, you need to get all the soil and carefully handle it.

It will be enough to do this by placing the soil in a colander and rinse under running water, then boil for about an hour on low heat. Thus, the soil will be cleaned from microorganisms harmful to fish and plants.

In any case, do not forget that it depends on the cleanliness of the aquarium appearance, and most importantly - the health of its inhabitants. In a beautiful and clean aquarium, any fish will appear before the owner in all its glory.

Restart Aquarium

In the practice of keeping ornamental fish at least once, there came a time when it was necessary to restart the aquarium. This can be confirmed by almost every aquarist. The reasons are different, and the operation itself to stop and restart the home aquatic system requires knowledge and quite a considerable amount of time.

Aquarium restart: possible causes

What distinguishes the launch of the aquarium from the restart? Yes, almost nothing, only when restarting the aquatic system, it is first subjected to full maintenance - cleaning and disinfection (if necessary) of both the can itself and its internal contents.

It is believed that this operation should be performed periodically, regardless of the condition of the functioning aquarium. Some owners of ornamental fish believe that in their homes it is necessary to carry out general cleaning from time to time, cleaning out dirt and debris.

Opponents of this point of view believe that an aquarium, if you follow all the necessary rules for keeping fish and plants, should function without stopping and re-enabling, and it should be restarted only in exceptional cases that are not urgent.

What could be the reasons for restarting a fish tank?

First of all, it is carried out if the water is very turbid, the walls are overgrown with algae, and filtration and volume changes do not positively affect the situation.

Secondly, with strong acidification of soil, if its cleaning or replacement is impossible in conditions of continuous operation.

Thirdlyif ornamental fish or aquatic plants become infected with infectious diseases, as well as in the case of the death of living creatures.

Fourthif the existing internal design is tired and there is a desire to replace it completely.

Fifthwhen the bank began to flow or other technical reasons appeared. In this case, you need to restart quickly.

Quick restart

It is carried out not only because of leaks, but also for other reasons, when stopping the operation of the aquarium does not suffer delay.

What to do with fish

The first settled fish. If the old aquarium water is suitable, then it is poured into a tank (a large jar, a spare aquarium), and fish are allowed in there, constantly observing their behavior.

When the old water does not fit, then pour in at least 2 hours (at least) ordinary water settled in the bailout. If there is distilled water, then add it. The water is heated to the required temperature.

Seasoned aquarists also recommend adding a commercial air conditioner, AquaSafe from Tetra, to aqua. Fresh water is poured into pre-prepared containers for further launch, which in urgent mode should be defended for at least 8 hours.

Aquarium flora, soil and scenery

Plants, if they need to be preserved, are temporarily transferred to a separate vessel. It is necessary to carefully remove them from the ground without destroying the root system.

Then gently get the ground. It must then be rinsed in hot water or (if necessary) calcined in the oven.

Elements of the decor can be washed in salt water.

the washing up

Next, proceed to cleaning the working banks. In the bathroom, the aquarium is washed several times with hot water. Use of cleaning chemicals is undesirable.

The glass surfaces are dried with a soft cloth and then proceed to repair the breakage or malfunction.

After that, ordinary water is poured into the container to check the tightness. Two hours is enough for this, and then it merges.

Directly restart

The system is preparing for launch: first, the washed soil is carefully laid down, the settled water (or the old one, if it is suitable) is poured to a level 10-15 cm above the ground. It is necessary to fill it in such a way that the stream does not erode a layer of soil, it is better to substitute a shallow dish and supply water with a gentle stream.

Aquarian plants are washed with warm water and planted in the ground, fit the decor elements.

Then they mount the aquarium equipment, and when using the bottom filter (it is installed before the layout of the soil). Do I need to rinse the filter itself?

With the help of a net, the fish move to their home, the water level is brought to normal in two or three times. If the living creature felt normal in the tank, then some water from it could be used to fill the working aquarium.

Then you can include equipment for heating, aeration and filtration. The first 2-3 days you need to carefully monitor the behavior of the inhabitants and the state of vegetation. Water changes during this period, it is desirable to make daily up to 10% of the total.

Approximately in the same way they are processed in case the walls and the bottom are overgrown with algae.

Restarting the aquarium after fish disease

So, due to some circumstances, signs of fish disease appeared. First of all, you need to catch all the sick fish and transplant it into another aquarium (quarantine), flooding it with separated water. After ensuring the appropriate temperature regime proceed to the treatment of living creatures.

Do I need to change the water and disinfect the aquarium? It is necessary if the disease is infectious. If there is no infection, and diseases are caused by certain types of parasites (for example, flukes, ciliates), then these actions are not needed.

You should not interfere in natural processes once more, you need to give the aquarium a breather for 10-15 days, changing the water for 30-80% of the normal volume and clean the filter. In the aquatic environment, it is necessary to maintain the temperature not lower than +25 degrees all the time, to turn on the aqua filter.

After treatment in quarantine, you can restart the system by moving the treated animals.

Restart aquarium disinfection

This process is the most time consuming. It must be produced if the causative agents of infectious diseases dangerous for fish and plants have settled in the soil, on plants and interior decoration details.

As in other cases, the fish are moved to a quarantine vessel, where they are treated. All other parts of the aquatic system are subject to mandatory disinfection (the tank itself, inventory, plants, soil, filter, thermometer, aerator, design objects).

In the jar, you can pour water with detergent in the proportion of 400 g of powder per 30 liters of water. All surfaces are thoroughly rinsed, and then the aquarium is rinsed several times with warm water. After that, new clean water is poured, which costs a day, then is drained.

What to do with vegetation?

If, as a result of the disease, aquarium plants do not destroy (such an outcome is also possible), then they should be disinfected and treated with penicillin solution. It is prepared in proportion to 50 liters of the drug per 10 liters of water. This operation should be carried out in a separate container with a temperature of the aquatic environment of +25 degrees for 6-7 days.

Many aquarists who are forced to disinfect, get rid of the old soil and fall asleep new. But if there is a desire to preserve the used soil, it must first be washed several times in warm water, separating the mechanical debris, and then calcined in the oven for half an hour.

Summarizing, we can say that a complete restart of the aquatic system is not done often, depending on the circumstances. But it is better not to bring the situation to the extreme, precisely following all the recommendations on the maintenance of fish and plants, timely and efficiently performing the necessary measures to maintain a home aquarium.

Useful video about restarting the aquarium:

Soil for aquarium

Aquarists, both beginners and professionals, always pay attention to the ground. Beginners have a lot of questions. Let's try to answer the most common ones.

A few questions about the soil for the aquarium

What are the functions of the soil?

Soil for the aquarium has two main functions:

  1. Serves as the basis for rooting algae.
  2. Performs a decorative function.

Do you need soil in the aquarium, is it a necessary condition for the successful existence of fish?

If the aquarium does not imply any decoration or algae, then the ground is not necessary. In industrial conditions, when breeding fish, the soil is not used, but in domestic conditions it performs mainly a decorative function.

Is it possible to create a soil for the aquarium with your own hands?

Can. For a “homemade” soil, you will need to take clay, soak it in water to a state of slurry, mix the solution with gravel. The resulting mixture serves as the basis, the first layer on which the nutrient soil is laid.

Nutritious soil prepares from peat and gravel. Balls of clay and charcoal are added to the mixture, which will absorb the products of the decomposition process and prevent water staining.

The third layer is decorative. Usually use gravel. It hides the nutrient layer and serves as an additional protective layer that prevents staining of water.

Laying the soil in the aquarium also occurs in layers: first, the first layer is placed, at some distance from the walls of the aquarium, on top of the second. The decorative layer fits the last, they also fill the gaps between the first two layers and the walls of the aquarium - in this case, the entire layered "cake" of the soil will not be visible to prying eyes.

Homemade soil is not as balanced as purchased, so launching the first fish into an aquarium with this soil is only in the third or fourth week, after the colored water is replaced, and the rapid growth of plants caused by the ingress of large amounts of nutrients into the water stops.

How to prepare the purchase of soil for the aquarium?

Purchased primer must be washed until the water becomes clear. It is also advised to boil the soil for additional cleaning in order to kill all sorts of bacteria. But boiling is not suitable for every type of soil, so its need for a particular soil is better to consult with the seller.

Attention! Nutrient soil is not washed, but immediately placed in the aquarium!

How much soil do you need in an aquarium?

The amount of soil can be calculated using the formula below:

m (kg) = a * b * h * 1.5 / 1000

a, b is the length and width of the aquarium in cm, h is the height of the soil layer in cm, m is the mass of the soil.

The general rule is this: if the plants in the aquarium are in insignificant quantities, the soil layer should not exceed 2 cm. If you plan to arrange a real "seabed" in the aquarium, then the soil layer should be at least 5 cm.

Too thick a layer of soil can lead to acidification of water, therefore, to accurately determine the height of the soil should use the formula.

How to clean the soil in the aquarium?

The first month of the soil should not be cleaned. After the first month, when the fish have time to settle down, the soil is cleaned once a month: food remains and waste are removed. Determining exactly when to clean the soil is easy enough: you need to turn it around with your hand and smell the bubbles rising from the bottom. If the smell is sour, then it's time to clean the soil. It is very convenient to use siphon for cleaning. The process of cleaning with the help of a siphon is quite simple and is combined with a partial replacement of water in the aquarium, while you do not need to plant fish.

The funnel cylinder is siphoned into a certain piece of soil. It is necessary to stir up the ground to the very foundation, while it rises and then slowly settles. At this time, you need to siphon pull the particles out of the water. Heavy soil (pebbles) quickly sinks to the bottom, does not have time to siphon down, and dirt particles go through the tube into the drain. Cleaning the soil ends when the water in the tip becomes clean. Thus, each section of the soil is processed.

About aquarium soil

Proper nutrient soil for the aquarium is not a simple matter, since you need to take into account the various characteristics of the fish (size, body shape, etc.), behavior, number of inhabitants in the aquarium and other factors. Let's get acquainted with all these nuances in more detail.

We will understand the concepts

A beginner aquarist wonders how many different terms are used to characterize the soil and how difficult it is to navigate in this diversity. That is why we propose to determine the concepts. So, the soil can be divided into three groups:

  • gravel, crushed stone, natural sand, pebbles;
  • formed due to various kinds of processing of natural materials;
  • artificial.

Sand is a separate variety, a distinctive feature - grains smaller than one millimeter. It can be natural (gray, black) and artificial. The pet store is widely represented colored quartz sand.

Pebbles are larger in size, the size of its grains is more than five millimeters.

Which to choose?

What soil is needed for an aquarium? It is recommended to use for a freshwater aquarium, for example, black, gray or white large river sand, building sand, small pebbles or run-in gravel. More specifically, the size of the grains of sand should vary between 2-3 mm. Pebbles for the aquarium may be larger - 2-8 mm. Fine sand is placed on the bottom (the size of the grains of sand is 1.5-2.5), then a layer of coarse sand (size 3-4.5 mm).

It is not advisable to make a more dense base for the aquarium, since it will provoke the accumulation of organic residues, the formation of large quantities of rotting and decomposition products that will release hydrogen sulfide into the water. To prevent soil compaction, you need to place large pebbles on the bottom of the aquarium under the sand. Despite the fact that small grains of sand will seep down, the pebbles will improve the flow of the soil. For the same reason, it is not recommended to use fine marine quartz sand as a primer. Washed river sand is much easier.

If your choice is pebbles, then know about the difficulties that may arise when sucking debris out of the aquarium with a hose. Мелкая галька скорее всего забьет шланг, а вы не сможете осуществить процедуру по очистке. Как избежать подобной проблемы? Нужно использовать шланг большего диаметра или же применять прозрачный шланг. В первом случае галька не будет застревать, во втором - вы будете видеть, где произошел затор. Существует и другой выход - использовать сифон с воронкой.

Стоит ли учитывать поведение рыбок?

Обще правило: мелкие рыбки предпочитают мелкозернистый грунт, рыбки побольше - крупный или же смешанный грунт. Но существуют и исключения.

So, goldfish are very active, love to dig in the sand, dig in the pebbles. If you put in a tank of small pebbles or sand, the water will be constantly muddy. There may be more serious consequences: goldfish can swallow pebbles.

Note and fish-bindweed. The peculiarity of their behavior is due to the fact that they are bottom dwellers and love to dig deep into the ground. If coarse grained soil is placed for such fish, the bindweed will be injured about it, it will be extremely uncomfortable for them.

The following rules will be helpful:

  • for bottom fish and for those who search for food, burrow into the ground or hide in it when frightened, it is best to cover the bottom with sand that does not contain fragments with pointed edges. You can even need to sprinkle it with peat chips;
  • for large fish, it is better to place large pebbles, small boulders, expanded clay on the bottom;
  • for fish that lay eggs in the ground, it is better to use small pieces of peat (peat okroshka).

If in the aquarium live fish of various species, then naturally there may be a need for a combination of soil. For example, it is possible to use the soil of the small fraction as the lower layer, as the upper layer - the large soil.

Color spectrum

Which sand to choose: color, black or white - of course you decide. But it is necessary to take into account the advice of experienced aquarists. White is not recommended, because it does not create the necessary contrast, the fish do not stand out against its background, the aquarium looks too calm, and its inhabitants are amorphous. Black is a much better option, it does not distract attention from the fish at all.

Colored attracts attention, lying on the pet shop window, but while in the aquarium, he rather distracts this attention.

However, it is possible to find a middle ground by mixing colors. How many can they use? Answer the question as much as you can, rather a question in color compatibility. Gray quartz sand and white - a harmonious combination, black and white - a traditional duet. In general, white is often used to decorate an aquarium.

Nutritional value

The most important criterion when choosing a soil for plants is its nutritional value. Why is that? The reason is that plants receive substances necessary for growth and development, precisely from the ground. To enrich it, you can put lumps of clay, peat into the aquarium, introduce special preparations that can be purchased at the pet store.


Before you choose and place nutritious sand, pebbles in an aquarium, you need to think carefully. To all the previously listed rules add the following:

  • On the counter of the pet store you can see different varieties: black, white, color. But it is worth remembering that the best of the whole variety is not a color, but a natural nourishing soil that is not colored by anything. Colored soil, being in aquarium for a long time, loses its color, and the dye, respectively, dissolves in water. A modern manufacturer, creating colored sand, does not use toxic materials, but does not use completely harmless ones. So, red and yellow soil contains iron oxides, which can adversely affect the health of fish. Keep this in mind when purchasing the color version;
  • soluble materials, such as limestone, are not used as soil;
  • a full change of soil in the aquarium or its washing is carried out 1 time in 5 years;
  • do not use colored river sand as a base: do not put red or yellow in the aquarium.

About laying in the aquarium

It is not enough to choose the right sand, it is equally important to correctly put it in the aquarium. Laying soil in an aquarium should help recreate the look of a natural reservoir. It should be laid with a slope to the front glass in the aquarium. What's the point of this? Thanks to this simple reception, it will be easier to remove the dirt that accumulates in the recesses of the soil. The thickness may be different, but in the range from 3 to 8 cm. In addition, it is permissible to build a small area in the front glass in the form of plexiglass rims that will be free of soil. In this place of the aquarium, a tubule or bloodworm can burrow. For this purpose, a transparent glass vessel can be placed in an aquarium.

Soil for aquarium with fish and plants: the rules of preparation

Nutrient soil is extremely important to put in the aquarium. How to do it? If you collected the soil for the aquarium with your own hands, did not purchase it in the store, then you need to prepare it. How to do it? Rinse and boil. This is the so-called ground cleaning in an aquarium before it is placed. It is necessary to prepare also sand, pebbles, bought in a pet store. It is enough to wash and process with boiling water.

An error will be washing with the addition of domestos or other chemicals. How can this affect the constancy of the aquarium? The fact is that sand, pebbles are well absorbed by chemical compounds, it will be very difficult to wash them after processing, which means that they will gradually be released into the water.

After the selection of soil for the aquarium, it can be placed in the aquarium with fish and plants. You can do this immediately: rinse and still wet place in the aquarium.

Soil cleaning

Black, colored, quartz, as well as a different sand needs care. How to clean the soil in the aquarium, how to monitor its cleanliness? The soil for the aquarium, along with the plants must be periodically cleaned, in other words, siphon. Externally, the siphon is a hose in which a vacuum is created and by means of which dirt is sucked in with water. Sand, pebbles need to be cleaned as it gets dirty.

Now you know how to choose sand, pebbles, how to prepare them, how to clean the soil in the aquarium and a lot of other useful information. One thing remains: choose the appropriate option and apply all the knowledge gained in practice. Good luck!

How to clean the soil in the aquarium!

How often do you need to clean the soil in the aquarium? and how to do it?

Julia Zhukovskaya

I have two aquariums: one for 90 liters, the other 264 liters. I clean the soil as it is polluted (once a month), you can simply siphon it, but sometimes you have to get it out, rinse it under running water and roast it to kill all the germs (this is done less often, every two months). Of course, you need to take into account the volume of the aquarium itself.


Get yourself catfish or snails and the ground will not have to be cleaned at all. If it is still overgrown, it should be removed, washed, boiled or heated. But I think it will need no more than once every six months.
And then put the filter?


There are specials. siphon. All siphons are mounted the same way - at the end of the hose
any device for cleaning the mound. Wide in the form of transparent
cylinder, tapered with a mesh, narrow with small holes ... Who seems more comfortable. Well and by itself, the siphon used depends on the quality and size of the available draft.
Still need a scraper for cleaning glass. Clean the soil no more than once a week.

Vladimir Tumanov

The soil in the aquarium is washed during general cleaning of the aquarium. This is done by washing in running water, you can hot. With a strong contamination of the soil, its darkening from microorganisms, etc., the soil is boiled. And with the help of a siphon, periodic cleaning of the soil surface is carried out.

Li Ka

There are a lot of siphon models offered for cleaning aquarium soil. Each aquarist chooses according to his taste and desire. I personally use it.
Siphon is designed to clean the soil in the aquarium, by sucking sludge and dirt. The siphon is immersed in the ground, and dirt with silt is sucked by gravity through the glass, goes through the hose into the drainage tank for dirty water.
With what regularity to carry out the procedure, for cleaning the ground, each aquarist is determined by the particular aquarium and its biotope. But the principle of action is almost the same regardless of what biotope.
It is advisable to act while cleaning the soil slowly, but at the same time so as to maximize walk across the entire bottom area in the aquarium at a time, that is, not to do it every day.
First of all, every day is bad for the inhabitants of your aquarium, as they are not at all to their liking when actions that are not clear to them occur in the aquarium. Fish do not like extra fuss in an aquarium with foreign objects: nets, siphons, hands, etc.
Secondly, beneficial bacteria live in the mud. And they need to restore their colonies, after each cleaning. And if you do this every day, then just knock down the ecological balance in the aquarium. The water will be constantly turbid, plus from constantly raised thawing while cleaning the bottom, undesirable algal fouling will appear. Most algae are very fond of organic matter in the water column, especially the nasty algae "black beard" or "Vietnamese". Therefore, do not abuse the siphon; just follow the normal maintenance regime for the aquarium.
Where does silt come from in our home aquariums? ? Naturally, this is the daily waste of aquarium fish, mollusks, crustaceans, reptiles. But in aquariums where there are only aquatic plants, silt is also present. Contribute to the appearance of silt: dying off, old leaves and roots, as well as the presence of slugs in the aquarium. Silt in the aquarium is a very important factor. Without it, the life of the entire microflora in an aquarium is very shaky and unstable, which is not good. But too dirty soil, old mud, too, is not welcome in many biotope aquariums. Some aquarium fish gladly dig in the ground, sometimes working no worse than an excavator or bulldozer. Raising heaps of dirt, which settles on the scenery, on plants and in the future gives food to nasty algae. Therefore, even the cleaning process itself should be carried out without haste.
How and what siphon soil in the aquarium. Article in five parts. As well as a description of how to make siphon by yourself.


I recommend using this:
//, and you should be applied in the campaign in the campaign in the campaign in the campaign in the archive, anti-virus130275752282 Convenient and practical in operation, details in its instructions. It is advisable to clean it once every six months, if your aquarium is not more than 100 lit. water.