How to install a filter in the aquarium
The technology of proper installation of the water filter is always of interest to novice aquarists. And this is natural, since very much depends on this device, including the physical condition of the "residents" of the artificial home pond.
Types of filters by the way they are installed
There are 3 main types of aquarium water purifiers: external, internal and bottom. Accordingly, the installation of each such device depends on its belonging to one or another type.
So, external filters - they are also called canister filters - are installed outside the aquarium, and the suction and discharge hoses are lowered inside the tank (or mounted through special adapters and openings). The principle of installation of the bottom cleaner is already clear from the very name: it is placed directly on the prepared bottom of the “can”. It should be noted that these 2 types of devices are used, as a rule, in large-capacity aquariums.
Most often, beginners prefer to clean the habitat of their pets with the help of small filters located inside the aquarium. Such devices in everyday life is also called "glasses". These devices most often can be seen in small artificial home and office reservoirs.
How to mount an internal filter
So, in the specialized shop with the help of a consultant, the necessary internal water purifier was selected. Before this, you should carefully check its completeness and read the tips on installing and running into work.
First, the device must be assembled according to the recommendations set forth in the instructions for use. Can't wait to check it at work?
You should not hurry, because the filter must first be properly fixed in an aquarium filled with water. And, beginners, as a rule, have some questions. How deep should the glass be dipped? What is plastic flexible transparent tube for?
The vast majority of internal water purifiers are attached to the wall of the aquarium in a vacuum way using special suction cups. These suction cups are included. Prerequisite: the filter must be completely submerged in water, the height of the water level above the top of the device must be from 2 to 5 cm.
A transparent flexible tube serves to supply air to the device and is attached to its “nose”. The other end of the tube should be outside the aquarium, outdoors.
It would seem that you can already run the "glass" in the work. However, experts recommend making the first inclusion, removing all living creatures from the aquarium. You never know what! What if the device has a manufacturing defect? It is better not to risk and move all the fish for a short time in a small sump. If the first inclusion showed the normal operation of the technical device, pets can immediately run into their water house.
After the first power up, it is recommended to set the power regulator, which is available on each filter, to the middle position. It takes some time to observe the condition of your pets and then empirically determine the optimum power of the filtering device.
Features of the external filter installation
External aquarium filter, which is often called the "canister", is usually installed in the cabinet under the aquarium, far below the level of the aquarium water. After preparation for work according to the instructions, the releasing and retracting hoses, which are attached to the device, are lowered into the “can”. Inclusion is in progress.
Everything is very simple, but it seems so only at first glance. If we consider only the aesthetic factor, then this method of installation is absolutely correct. Many owners of ornamental fish attach hoses through specially prepared holes in the bottom of the aquarium.
However, you need to look at the problem from the other side.
Depending on the "canister" model, its pump can lift water up to 3 meters high. And this, in turn, promises high power consumption and increased energy costs. That is why many aquarists set their "cans" either behind or at the side of the aquarium at a height approximately equal to the middle of the water level. There is no need to talk about aesthetics here, but the energy savings are quite significant.
Installation of the bottom filter
Already from the name of this cleaner it is clear that it is installed on the bottom of a water house for fish. But the choice of this type of filter is resorted to only when there is very little or no decorative bottom aquatic vegetation in the aquarium.
Such a device is a relatively thin plate with an internal filter material and a multitude of holes through which water flows. Some believe that such a plate with tubes attached to it can be simply put on the ground and that will be enough. This is a misconception - the bottom cleaner should be installed, not just put.
First, remove the soil from the bottom of the aquarium (or from a separate section) and put a plastic frame that will raise the false bottom by 2-3 mm. Only then can the technical device be closed with a primer, and then put it into operation.
Not only the purity and high-quality chemical and biological composition of water, but also the degree of air saturation depend on the proper installation of any aquarium filter. In addition, it determines the reliability of the device itself. In any case: before the water purifier is put into operation, you need to carefully read the instructions attached to it and strictly follow the rules specified in it.
How to install the internal filter in the aquarium, see the video:
How to install the aquarium filter :: how to run the aquarium filter :: Equipment and accessories
How to install aquarium filter
If you decide to install an aquarium at home, then you cannot do without an aquarium. filter. His choice should be treated with special attention, since the quality of water in your underwater kingdom will depend on this device.
1. Today, there are many varieties of aquarium filters: internal, external, bottom, aerator filters, as well as filters that produce mechanical filter(as filter used filter thread, sponge or crumb), chemical filter(using activated carbon or zeolite), as well as biofiltertion (microorganisms are used in the filter that purify water from harmful impurities).
2. The filter must be selected based on the volume of the aquarium, as well as the functions that it will have to perform. For example, external filters are easy to use, and bottom filters help create a more favorable microflora in the aquarium, and they need to be cleaned every two to three years. For small aquariums, an ideal option would be a filter aerator, which combines the functions of cleaning and saturating water with oxygen. In any case, before you choose any specific filter, you should consult with a specialist.
3. Before installing the filter, carefully read the instructions. If you purchased a chemical filter, you must fill it with the adsorbent that comes with it.
4. Before installation filter prepare an aquarium. Rinse it thoroughly and fill it with water to see if the seams are leaking. Drain and place pre-prepared soil on the bottom of the aquarium. If you purchased a bottom filter, you must first install it under the ground. Pour about one third of the water, then plant the plants. If you choose an internal filter, then you need to install it at this very moment. Attach the filter with special velcro or retaining bracket, then fill the aquarium with water to the required level. An external filter can be installed after filling the aquarium with water.
5. After filling the aquarium, turn on the filter in order to check its operation. While the aquarium will be balanced (about two weeks), the filter must be kept on. As soon as you see that the water has disappeared from the water, then you can safely inhabit your underwater world with fish.
Installing an external filter in the aquarium
The question of installing an internal filter in an aquarium is puzzling all novice aquarists. It seems to be all very clear, but how to do everything right so that in no case nothing happens. Is it necessary to immerse the filter completely in water or not? Why this transparent tube? And after all, what is the most interesting instruction to filters is not always clear and detailed.
The internal filter is called because it is located directly inside the aquarium itself. The external filter is bulky and located outside the aquarium. Installing an external filter in the aquarium is not too complicated process.
The internal filter is located in the water so that there is still 3 cm of water above its level. Such a device is attached to the wall of the aquarium with the help of suction cups, which are included in the filter kit. Also, a small hose is attached to the kit, it is necessary for supplying air, therefore, its 1 end is attached to the hole on the filter nose, and the second comes out, it is possible to fix it on the upper edge of the aquarium wall using a special fastening. The main thing is that the air intake was made above the level of the aquarium water.
As a rule, on the nose of the internal filter, and some at the tip of the air hose has a regulator for air supply, which you can initially put in the middle position. During further operation, it will need to be adjusted as needed. Some of the aquarium fish love a fairly strong current, which is created by the filter, and some even can not stand it.
After the filter is installed and all its details are attached, you can connect it to the network. Further, all manipulations in the aquarium will need to be carried out only while the filter is turned off, since the device is not insured against damage, and this can lead to electric shock.
When the filter is set to a low flow of water, there may be no bubbles. If you can watch a wave of water in an aquarium, then the filter works well. Water is saturated with oxygen from the surface due to the waves.
How to install an external filter? The external filter is outside the aquarium. It does not clutter up the usable water space of the reservoir, does not bring resonance into the vividness and naturalness of the underwater landscape with unnecessary adaptations and details. Therefore, developers can create the most complex and super efficient filtration system that is not limited in volume.