Gold fish

Why does a goldfish lie at the bottom


The fish is on the bottom: the reasons and what to do

Novice aquarists quite often encounter the phenomenon when a new fish launched into an aquarium lies at the bottom and breathes heavily. There are several explanations for this behavior, and in each case it is necessary to deal separately.

Fish in shock!

For example, you bought a cinch and, satisfied with your purchase, launch it into your home aquarium, expecting it to please the household with its appearance. Not here it was! She almost immediately goes down.

What is the reason for such an unusual behavior? Why does a goldfish lie at the bottom of an aquarium?

In many cases, this phenomenon is simply explained: a new inhabitant of a domestic pond experienced natural stress or shock.

Yes, ornamental fish, falling into completely new conditions, often behave in the same way as people. They go through a natural stage of acclimatization.

Do not immediately grab his head! If the aquarium "works" as it should be, all the required conditions of maintenance are observed, then the fish purchased will get used to the new environment in 1-2 days, its health and behavior will be normalized. However, it is necessary to observe her during this period as often as possible.

Incorrect conditions

Perhaps this is one of the main reasons for the described problem. Requirements for the maintenance of domestic water pets are not just written, they are developed by practice, sometimes - not always positive. Be sure to adhere to all terms and conditions. This is especially true of the living creatures, as a result of whose vital activity a lot of waste remains. It is to such decorative fish are "zolotushki".

Aquarium Sizes

If goldfish lie at the bottom of the aquarium, then one of the reasons may be an insufficient volume of the “can”. 50 liters of water volume per 1 individual - it is with this calculation that the aquarium should be selected. The content of "gold" in cramped conditions contributes to the rapid pollution of the aquatic environment and, as a result, an increase in the concentration of nitrites and nitrates, which fish absolutely cannot tolerate.

Water parameters

Determining why the goldfish lies at the bottom, in this case, checking the water for the presence of ammonia compounds with the help of special tests can help.

It is also necessary to check the condition of the filter (it is possible that the filter elements are clogged) and make sure that it is working normally.

Another situation, due to which the fish lies on its side at the bottom, is a violation of the temperature regime. This is possible both during water changes and in the event of a heater breakdown.

It is possible that the aquarium is installed incorrectly and is heated too much from a room heating system or direct sunlight.

Too cold water causes overcooling of representatives of the aquatic fauna and disruption of metabolic processes, and overheated water environment reduces the amount of oxygen dissolved in it. Fish begin to choke.

Violation of the acid-base balance not only affects the behavior of home aquarium pets, but also causes diseases such as alkalosis and acidosis, which can even become chronic. That is why in some cases, measuring the level of pH balance helps to determine what the problem is.

  • Alkalosis is an organism dysfunction resulting from an increase in the alkalinity of the aquatic environment.
  • In contrast, acidosis occurs due to increased aqueous acidity.

Timely smooth pH balance to normal conditions of the maintenance of certain types of pets contributes to the recovery of diseased individuals.

Young aquarium

A common cause of the phenomenon under consideration may be the colonization of ornamental fish in a new aquarium, where the required balance of the aquatic ecosystem is not yet available. This is one of the major mistakes novice aquarists. It is not enough just to pour the prepared water into the “can” and to put the equipment into operation. Any specialist in the aquarium case will confirm that the aquarium has not yet been really launched, as the biofilter has not grown a colony of bacteria that process nitrites and nitrates. That is why in such an environment, having received an increased dose of a toxic substance, having experienced severe stress conditions, the goldfish lies at the bottom. To reduce the content of nitrates and straighten the "emergency" situation in this case will help daily water changes in the amount of not less than 20% of the total amount of water.

Diseases and injuries

Very often, novice aquarists seek advice from experts if the fish lie at the bottom of the aquarium, despite the fact that the conditions of detention are not violated, and water testing indicates its full suitability for the life of aquatic fauna. In such cases, this behavior may well be caused by illness or injury.

As for injuries, these quite popular cockerel fish "suffer". Due to their cocky disposition, they often receive various injuries, including the swim bladder. This circumstance can also be the cause of such behavior.

If there are other “inhabitants” in the aquarium, then the injured fish should be carefully moved to a separate quarantine tank with prepared water, where it can rest and recover.

On the Internet, you can find a description of cases where after moving to a quarantine vessel for some time the males lie at the bottom and then quickly return to normal life.

The course of some specific diseases is also accompanied by the fact that the fish does not swim and sinks to the ground. Dropsy, liver obesity, overfeeding, bloating Malawi are only a few of the existing fish diseases that cause general depletion of the body and passive behavior. In this case, it is important to correctly identify the disease, move the affected pets to the quarantine aquarium and begin effective treatment.

So what to do? First, do not panic! And secondly, it is necessary to determine the cause of such a state as quickly as possible and correctly. And if the reasons for non-standard behavior are known, then eliminating them is not difficult.

Why do the fish lie on the bottom?

If you notice that your fish is lying at the bottom of the aquarium, do not despair - this does not mean that she is sick, or is about to die. Look at it, maybe it does not lie at all, but swims and studies the bottom, or digs up the soil. Why fish often sinks to the bottom of the reservoir, and what the reasons may be for this - should be considered in detail.

Natural behavior

For some species of fish, lying on the bottom is a natural behavior. If a speckled catfish lives in your aquarium, or another type of corridor, you will notice how it floats in the bottom layer of the reservoir. It's not scary, just all the corridors, and catfish, too, live only in the lower layers of water. As natural cleaners, they take uneaten food from the ground, scraping algae that have accumulated on its surface from the bottom.

Other species of fish also swim in the lower layers of the water - these are neons. As representatives of the Kharacin family, they are distinguished by their small size and sensitive body, which will irreversibly suffer with any damage. The safest place for them is the bottom of the tank, where they will be comfortable and safe.

Look at the unusual behavior of the surgeon's fish.

You can see how the fish of the family of Viunovye and Tsikhlida often spend time at the bottom of the reservoir. As you know, they love to dig in the ground and dig water plants. For them, there are other forms of "entertainment", but they are used to this lifestyle. There are no signs of illness here, they are simply looking for something, perhaps food, or cleaning the body of accumulated mucus. For loaches, it is important to free the scales from mucus, wallowing in stones or gravel — otherwise, one cannot avoid inflammation of the skin.

Many fish swim at night at the bottom of the aquarium. Why is this happening? Everything is simple - this is normal. Like many living creatures, fish prefer to sleep at night, although there are exceptions. They slowly drift in the bottom layers of the water, often with open eyes. And if they swim to the surface, then some pets can even be stroked.

Natural behavior - to be in the bottom water layers, when the fish recently settled in the general aquarium. For her, this is a new, unknown world that hides a potential danger. The adaptation process takes place in a secluded place where it is likely not to be noticed. This behavior is typical if you have settled goldfish, tsikhlidki, kartozubye or labyrinth.

When does a fish suddenly swim to the bottom?

Now it is necessary to understand the reasons when a fish that does not live in the bottom layers of water swims in the “bottoms”. Pay attention to how much food you give to fish - if your pets overeat, their stomach does not have time to digest all the food, and there is heaviness in the stomach. It is easier to move your stuffed belly to the bottom without rising higher. Overeating is followed by obesity, which is deadly for pets. Reduce feed to a minimum, and put the fish on a fasting diet.

Another reason for this strange behavior is a disease of the gallbladder and the digestive organs. Usually they are accompanied by other symptoms. For example, during infectious diseases, the fish begin to experience changes in the gastrointestinal tract. The fish is weakened, and begins to sink to the bottom. In case of hexamitosis, single-celled bacteria settle in the gallbladder of the fish, which aggravate its work. As a result, inflammation of the gallbladder, blockage of blood vessels and death will occur. Time to diagnose the disease and begin to treat pets.

See how the fish has a swim bladder problem.

If the fish after the fight, or after active underwater games was on the bottom - examine her body. Perhaps she was injured and could not move. Unfortunately, such cases are almost incurable, but you can contact a specialist who can help. Large fish are better wounded than small ones.

Pay attention to the condition of the water - perhaps you forgot to clean the aquarium? Remember, when was the last time measurements were made of the parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature, acidity, hardness, the presence of nitrites and nitrates, ammonia and chlorine. If you find a violation - immediately correct. Under the wrong conditions, the fish sometimes swims on the bottom, and will wait for the moment when the water gets better.

The breakdown is another reason for such uncharacteristic behavior. If the water is excessively warm (above 25 ° C), some species of fish (for example, goldfish) may be in the bottom layers, which is unusual for them. They will look for cooler water, which is exactly in the lower compartment of the tank. However, prolonged exposure to cool water can cause hypothermia, loss of strength, with concomitant health effects. Gradually heat the temperature of the reservoir to normal, then the pets will begin to swim higher.

Has your fish started to swim to the bottom and rub your body against gravel, rocks or sand? This is a clear sign of illness. Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina), holodonelez, trikhodiniosis - these are parasitic diseases in which fish with scales begin to rub against stones, bottom plants or decorations. Immediately place the fish in a quarantine chalice, and begin to heal them.

And the last reason why the fish is at the bottom and can not rise - it is preparing for death. Before death, she can hide, behaves apathetic and indifferent to what is happening around. For the old fish is a familiar behavior. In this case, try not to panic, and in time remove the dead fish from the aquarium before decomposition.

Why do the fishes lie on the bottom of the aquarium :: aquarium fish of the breed :: Aquarium fish

Why do the fish lie at the bottom of the aquarium

If you see that the fish are at the bottom of the aquarium, do not rush to get upset. The presence of diseases in this case is not necessary. This behavior may be due to a number of factors.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers

Normal behavior

Each breed of aquarium fish is distinguished by its individual habits and behavior. A catfish seen at the bottom of an aquarium, for example, is unlikely to cause concern to its owner. These fish spend most of their time in shelters, they can burrow into the gravel and just inspect the bottom of their home. The reason that the fish lies at the bottom of the aquarium may be injured. Try to carefully examine her body. The fish should be transplanted into a separate container and ensure maximum care.
Loach and cichlids are fish that like to relax at depth after eating. In addition, these varieties of aquatic inhabitants are very curious, so gravel is an exciting environment for them, which must be examined and studied.
Most species of fish at night prefer to be placed at the bottom of the aquarium. If you suddenly turned on the light and saw the trivial dream of fish, then you should not look for cause for concern.
In addition, when transplanting to a new aquarium, fish can also spend quite a long time at the bottom. Habituation occurs gradually, so you should immediately prepare for the fact that even active creatures can fearfully cuddle up on gravel. One of the most common reasons for the massive accumulation of fish at the bottom of the aquarium is overeating. Learn more information about feeding, and if necessary, consult with experts.

Aquarium condition

If the fish that live in your aquarium do not differ in the bottom life, but constantly descend to the bottom of the tank, then special attention should be paid to the state of water and the efficiency of the equipment for its cleaning. It is likely that the cause of the deterioration of water quality are breakdowns or incorrect settings of the cleaners and heaters.
The temperature in the aquarium should not exceed 25 degrees. Otherwise, the fish will be cooled at the bottom. If the water is too cold, then residents of the aquarium may experience discomfort in the form of a breakdown. To be on the surface of the water or move around the perimeter of the aquarium, they simply can not physically.

Fish behavior

Fish disease, often lying on the bottom, can be identified by a variety of symptoms. Try as closely as possible to observe their behavior.
If the fish rub against the gravel sideways or belly, then this can be considered the first sign of their disease. Immobile behavior of an active inhabitant of the aquarium may indicate its imminent death. In the presence of such symptoms, fish should be transplanted from the main group and try to be cured with additional additives to the basic diet.
Swim bladder dysfunction is the most common cause of a sharp deterioration in the condition of fish. It is very difficult to swim with such a disease, which leads to the constant presence on the bottom of the aquarium.

Why does a goldfish lie at the bottom all the time? Ride, swim and to the bottom ...

Konstantin Bogdanov

90% - inflammation of the digestive tract. The beginning is usually just that. Then, usually or even fall on the bottom, or turn over to the top of the belly and so float. It is treated very difficult.
Causes - improper or excessive feeding.
Recommendations - feed once a day with the expectation that everyone would eat up about five minutes. once a week unloading day.
Feed diverse. Be sure to diet NOT less than 70% of the plant component. Go to any aquarium site, there are usually a lot of recipes and rations for goldfish. If you feed with dry feeds, then feed better with feeds from Sera or Tetra - immediately fish any other frozen daphnia feces. In the diet at least use three different foods. Soak dry food before feeding for 5 minutes in water, thaw frozen before serving.
10% - Hot. I will join the answer Aleksandar Ogneva and Yuri Vasilevsky.
Well, see the conditions of detention - at least 50 liters (for short 30 liters) aquarium, filtration, aeration.

Yury Balashov

The most likely fish diseases are listed below. Diseases are more likely to be higher on the list. You need to look through all the diseases found from the top down and down below and read the detailed description of each to find the ones your fish have.
Consider the possibility of the simultaneous presence of several diseases or problems in your fish.
1. Cyst of the genital glands
2. Fatty gut obesity
3.Temperature shock
4. Aeromonas (Aeromonas) Rubella carp, erythrodermatitis, abdominal dropsy, rubbing of bacterial scales
6. Poisoning by medicines, secretions of the aquarium, poisoned feed
7. Ichtiosporidosis (Ichthyosporidium hoferi) ichthyophonosis fungus
8. Spring veraemia virus
9. Alkalosis Alkaline disease
10. Mycobacteriosis (Mycobacterium piscium) Bacterial tuberculosis

Why do goldfish sit at the bottom of the aquarium and how they sleep. Are they healthy? and WHAT to do with them to activate them?


Goldfish are considered to be cold-water, as they easily tolerate a decrease in temperature, but they are most playful at a temperature of 22-24 degrees. Sharp temperature fluctuations are unacceptable! Для обыкновенных золотых рыбок температура воды в аквариуме может колебаться в пределах от 8 до 30 градосов, оптимальная 15-20 градусов, декоративные породы значительно теплолюбивей; химический состав воды большого значения не имеет. Золотые рыбки (длиннотелые, содержащиеся в бассейнах и прудах) переносят снижение температуры до 0 градусов Цельсия и могут зимовать подо льдом.It should be borne in mind that with a prolonged decrease in temperature, the fish may become more susceptible to various diseases, and warming of water leads to a decrease in the content of oxygen dissolved in it, from which cold-water fish suffer greatly, start to eat little and become exhausted. In hot weather, daily water changes prevent overheating of the aquarium.
For goldfish, aeration of water is obligatory, in which water is enriched with oxygen both from the surface of air bubbles formed by the nebulizer and from the surface of water. As a result of the circulation of water caused by the flow of bubbles, the oxygen-rich upper layers are mixed with depleted lower layers. In addition, the circulation is also useful in that it mixes relatively warm upper layers with cooler bottom layers, thus creating uniform temperature conditions inside the aquarium. If your fish are constantly at the surface of the water and swallow air, then this is the first sign of oxygen deficiency. It is necessary, or to change the water / part of the water, or to strengthen the aeration, or to plant fish.
The presence of a filter in aquariums with goldfish is also a necessary condition, as mobile and voracious fish, taking food from the ground and constantly rummaging in it, pollute the water. The power of the aeration compressor and / or filter (measured by the amount of distilled water in liters over a certain period of time) is selected depending on the size (volume) of the aquarium. The average is the power at which an compressor can pump over the entire volume of water in an aquarium in an hour. After several months of running an aquarium, you will be able to accurately set the power required in your case. If one type of filter is insufficient, you can use a combination of filters, a large selection of which is presented on the market of equipment for aquariums.
By the way, if your fish live with you for a long time then it can be from old age. I once had a telescope and it also lay at the bottom, but believe me, lying at the bottom of the nickname did not lead him to live for 3 years, if not more, and died safely from old age.

Why gold fish lie on the bottom of the aquarium

Cat Baskerville

Perhaps the small fish volume of the aquarium. (Minimum requirements of 50 liters per goldfish);
Probably pushed into the tank some chemical filth (colored soil);
High water temperature — goldfish are best kept in water no higher than 24 degrees;
Immediately replace a little less than a third of the volume of water in the aquarium and then during the week each day you will need to substitute a little more. To not sharply lower the water temperature to 22 - 24 degrees.
Maybe he wakes up. Gold - unpretentious.
Have you changed the water for a long time? Every week it is necessary to change one third of the water to a new one, at the same time removing the garbage accumulated during the week.
Maybe from overfeeding

A day's goldfish lies at the bottom of the aquarium, does not rise to the top, does not eat feed.

Maxim Vaulin

For some fish, such as catfish and loaches, resting on the bottom or even lying on its side is completely normal. Some fish that are active during the day (for example, many cichlids) usually rest on the bottom after dark.
When lying on the bottom is an abnormal behavior for fish, it is often accompanied by respiratory distress (shortness of breath or rapid breathing). The basis of this phenomenon may lie any of the following reasons.
• Shock, including temperature, nitrate shock, pH shock and osmotic.
• Acidosis or alkalosis.
• Swim bladder dysfunction. This problem may be caused by trauma or bacterial infection of the swim bladder. Swim bladder dysfunction can also occur as a result of certain diseases such as dropsy, Malawi swelling, liver obesity, and general obesity. In addition, it can be a genetic problem. If the fish is clearly suffering (swimming is extremely difficult) and after two or three days there are still no signs of recovery, then the only humane way out is euthanasia (painless killing).
• Exhaustion, which may be due to a variety of causes, including aggression, "grooming", spawning, hypoxia and overeating.
• Hypothermia leading to a marked decrease in the rate of metabolic processes.
• Severe stress.
• Death is coming (for whatever reason).
• In fry that have already used their yolk sac, lying on the bottom and moving abruptly may indicate the occurrence of a specific pathology. Such fry are called jigging.
The circumstances in which the fish lies at the bottom, play a crucial role in establishing the cause of this problem. In fish recently launched into an aquarium, shock or stress is the most likely cause of this behavior. If all or many fish are affected, then the problem most likely lies in the environment. This may be a shock caused by a sudden change in water parameters (partial water change), overheating, cooling, hypoxia. If only one fish is struck, and has long been living in an aquarium that has recently been attacked by another fish, participated in a fight, in "courtship" or which was taken in hand, then the problem is probably due to swim bladder injury, exhaustion or stress.

Help pliz, the golden fish lies on the bottom, when feeding it comes up, comes to life, eats everything I give and freezes again? what to do

Brad Pitt

The circumstances in which the fish lies at the bottom, play a crucial role in establishing the cause of this problem. In fish recently launched into an aquarium, shock or stress is the most likely cause of this behavior. If all or many fish are affected, then the problem most likely lies in the environment. This may be a shock caused by a sudden change in water parameters (partial water change), overheating, cooling, hypoxia. If only one fish is struck, and has long been living in an aquarium that has recently been attacked by another fish, participated in a fight, in "courtship" or which was taken in hand, then the problem is probably due to swim bladder injury, exhaustion or stress.
I also wrote to the mail.

Elena Gabrielyan

I have several options for why the fish falls to the bottom.
1. feed (you don’t write how, with what and how many times a day you feed the fish) - feed once a day and just enough so that within 1 maximum of 5 minutes the fish feed is completely eaten completely, 1 day a week should be unloading do not feed), herbal supplements (scalded and finely chopped lettuce leaves, cabbage should also be included in the diet, like duckweed, wolf, riccia), dry only as an additive not more than 1 time in 7 - 10 days (from it become obese, become inactive).
2. temperature (no data)
3.nitrates (how often and how much% you change the water) - try to replace 30 to 50% of the water once a week — the very thing is for Gold (you should gradually accustom to such a change).
4. The volume of the aquarium is not specified (maybe it is just small?) Normally 1 Zolotushka should account for 50 liters of water without taking into account its tail fin, there must be a very powerful filtration and aeration.
This is all that can be assumed.

Why do goldfish lie sideways at the bottom of the aquarium (as if they are sleeping) and do not swim at all?

Snezhana Bondareva

I have in my aquarium 25 liters of water 2 babrus and 2 goldfish live. they all have a year and a half. But today I noticed that the largest in size goldfish began to swim very weakly and swallowing the air on its side with its mouth, as it were, belly up on the surface of the water. I do not know what to do. I sent her from all to the three-liter jar. I noticed that she with a belly somehow incomprehensible. Her stomach was swollen, it seemed to me so. As it is not clear. Help someone who knows that she sypanut in the bank to survive. She is very weak. Here they die. I am very sorry for her. I have no medicine in my house. I heard that water can be diluted when they spawn iodine or something to add ... maybe it would help. PROMPT WHAT TO DO.