For aquarium

Stones for aquarium do it yourself


How to make decorations for an aquarium?

If you want to create a unique aquascape in the walls of your home aquarium, you need to create your own aquarium decorations. For crafts, you can use both special materials from the store, as well as handy, but safe and pre-treated. Homemade décor can be made from natural or artificial raw materials; these can be simple or complex blanks. Simple decorations include simple grottoes, caverns or wooden decks. To difficult - "sunken" ships, chests, underwater cities, fancy underwater reefs.

How to set the background with your own hands

A background composition made in the form of an imitation of a rocky bottom, a coral reef or thickets of thick plants can recreate a colorful perspective on the walls of an aquarium. Proper lighting and decoration of the back wall of the aquarium will attract the attention of not indifferent admirers of marine aesthetics. Of course, the whole matter of taste, because some prefer a completely darkened background, while others want to see something exciting.

The second option is more appropriate because it provides an opportunity to dream. Beautiful patterns on the ocean theme can be applied to the back wall of the tank, in which a special self-adhesive film with a print can help. An important aspect is to attach the material well to the glass. To do this, you need to degrease the surface of the glass with a special solution, then moisten the glass with water from a spray bottle, and carefully stick the sticker. Then with a plastic card align the pattern by removing air bubbles under the cover.

You can make a background using foam. The material is completely harmless and easy to use. It is necessary to burn one side of the part until small bubbles appear. When it cools down, it is necessary to apply a thin layer of cement to the surface of the abrasive. The result will be a gray relief, a kind of underwater rock reef. It is attached to the back wall of the aquarium with a scotch tape. Looks nice and natural.

See how to make the background for the aquarium.

Coconut Decorations

Coconut is not only a tasty food, but also an excellent material for creating underwater decorations. After a long process, used coconuts turn into cute "houses". You need to buy a solid, not rotted coconut, make a hole in it with a drill or hammer and nail, pour or drink a liquid. Next, make a hole in the walnut wall so that it is convenient to scrape the pulp. The process is certainly time consuming, but the result will please the eye. When the nut is prepared, it should be boiled in boiling water for 10 minutes. Place it for a day in boiled water, dry, put in a tank. Coconut villi fish nibble in a matter of days, the fibers are useful for digestion. Coconuts can be made in the form of boats, caves, or houses.

Instructions: how to make a house out of a coconut in the aquarium with your own hands.

Wooden decorations

They look natural and recreate the similarity of the natural biotope in which the fish will feel even more comfortable. Wooden roots and snags will have to be processed longer to remove all the rot and parasites. If you accidentally find a rotten area on the surface of the material, immediately scrape it and scorch it. Remember that wooden snags from coniferous trees that produce resin will not work for an aquarium. Other hard wood raw materials can secrete tannins, dyeing the water, making it soft. Therefore, such materials should be careful, they are not suitable for all fish.

If you find a dry root or sample of wood, boil it well in water with salt for 6-12 hours. Next, for several days, draw wood in boiled water. Every day you need to pour out the old water, and add fresh. It is recommended to install the snag not in the corner of the tank; there it will easily swell and damage the glass. It will cut a wooden grotto, where the fish will hide with pleasure.

Stone sculptures

Stone rocks look very interesting in an artificial reservoir, recreate the effect of an underwater volcanic environment. However, with stone decorations should be very careful. Many minerals and rocks emit alkali, therefore not suitable for all fish. African cichlids, which have been living in weakly alkaline water for centuries, are more accustomed to the pitfalls. It is easy to check the alkalinity of a stone: take vinegar and put it on the rock surface. If it starts to "hiss", highlighting the foam - it means that the alkaline reaction has gone.

See how to make a small stone grotto.

Before setting into the aquarium, stones and pebbles are processed by boiling for more than 10 minutes in water. Some breeds have longer. It is important that the edges of the stone block are not sharp and rough. Stones with a smooth surface of basalt, granite, sandstone can be harmless.

Clay and ceramic products

Clay is a beneficial substance that has a beneficial effect on plant growth and health. Qualitatively processed clay is an excellent material from which you can make beautiful caves and fish houses. What can not make the scenery? From the Chinese porcelain, that is, from the dishes of this type. Ceramic earthenware pots, plates do no harm, and porcelain will be harmful. Therefore, be careful when choosing and installing any kind of underwater decoration.

Time to put the stones ... in the aquarium

Stone decorations are the perfect complement to your home aquascape. The main condition is that they should not change the chemical composition of water, which can affect the health of fish, plants and other animals. Stones for an aquarium help to create a natural biotope: African and South American freshwater fish are used to the rocky bottom. A prerequisite for an aquarium stone is its smoothness, hardness and durable structure. Smooth and flat stones in an aquarium are necessary if cichlids live in it. They serve as nests for future eggs.

What stones can I use? Answer: those that are characterized by a uniform structure and smooth color. Bright paint can wash off, dissolve in water or partially paint it. Impurities and minerals contained in it are not suitable for the reservoir, where living creatures constantly live. A smooth, treated surface does not harm the fish. If you do not specialize in geology, do not understand the rocks, then you have the opportunity to buy artificial stones for an aquarium in a pet store.

Stones purchased in specialized retail chains are often safe, suitable for any type of tank. But they are much more expensive, and the choice is not very large. Slate and tuff are most commonly found on the shelves, although not all types of slate are acceptable. Before you start decorating the aquarium with stones, you need to know what their features are.

See how to choose stones for the aquarium.

Description of rocks, compatibility with the aquarium


It is a volcanic mineral, the color is dark with splashes of black and white. Orange granite is less common. The chemical composition of the breed is neutral, but its weight is impressive. You can put in a tank for the construction of rocky projections. For fish it is harmless, but due to gravity may damage the glass walls, which is very dangerous. It is recommended to place a small piece of granite, setting it tightly on the bottom.


Close to the structure of granite rock. Gneiss has white, pink or grayish-green stripes. Gneiss stones are suitable for any aquarium because the edges of the rock are smooth and the size of the stones is small.


Beautiful, rare mineral that has been used for centuries in building decoration and sculpture. In the structure of the stone there are impurities of iron and salt. Stones of marble material are not always useful: they can increase the level of water hardness. It is not necessary to put in the tank, where the fish live, preferring the soft threshold of water hardness. Marble pieces can be used for the construction of rocks with different shades.


Calcite (another name - limestone spar), this mineral is found in various structures and shades: from transparent and solid to yellow, brown and liquid. It is undesirable to place stones in the aquarium of calcite, because it is easily leached with water rich in CO2. Marble is one of the variations of calcite. Mineral is not suitable for aquariums with plants.


Calcite-like mineral. However, calcite does not scratch the surface of the glass, unlike quartz. Quartz is not destroyed in the aquatic environment, but dissolves well in a drop of vinegar. Resistant to aggressive environment, can be placed in the tank, where hardy species of fish live.


It is a sedimentary rock from an organic substrate, its composition is calcium carbonate. Sometimes there is limestone from their shells of long extinct marine mollusks. There are different types of this breed: soft, hard, coarse-grained and fine-grained. The limestone color is gray or white, with greyish patches. The structure of the rock is such that it can be used for the construction of aquarium grottoes. However, the minus of the stone - cyanobacteria that form algae easily “stick” to it. Periodically, the stone must be cleaned, but very carefully, so as not to damage its structure.


Beautiful mineral, which will be a real decoration of the home aquarium. There are different colors of tuff: yellow, red, pink, brown, purple. Suitable for tanks where water is high acidity and hard.

Lime Tuff

Tuff is a natural mineral, a type of limestone. Because of the rough, uneven surface, it is practically not installed in aquariums. Despite this quality, nevertheless tuff stones can be used to create light decorations where fish can hide. But it is prohibited to place it in a spawning aquarium.


Shale aquarium stones are dangerous - it breaks easily into different parts when struck. Pieces of pure slate are suitable as decoration, the rest of its varieties easily exfoliate due to the content of other impurities. Minus slate - its edges are sharp, but after processing, it will turn out a cave or grotto. Common minerals are gray, brown and dark green.

Look at the aquarium, decorated with slate and petrified wood.


Quartzite aquarium stones are suitable for decoration. It has a unique composition and color, so it is used in jewelry. Materials from quartzite are found in different colors: purple, green, red. Before being placed in a tank, it should be thoroughly processed. Rinse under running water without using soap detergents and household chemicals. If quartzite is found in a natural pond, it must be treated with boiling water, dropping there for 10-20 minutes. All parasites settled on the surface of the mineral will be destroyed.

Cavernous sandstone

Natural rock with through holes resembling caves. Due to its special structure, it can be used in water with a high level of hardness, rich in trace elements. The lack of cavernous sandstone - fragility, over time it crumbles easily, forming a pile of garbage at the bottom of the tank.


Hard and durable sandstone can be used in an aquarium, however, a rock with a fine-grained structure cannot be placed there. After some time, the chemical composition of water will change, harming the fish and plants. By mineral composition is classified as debris.


Sedimentary rock white or yellow. The composition of the shell rock consists of pressed shells of mollusks attached to each other by cement limestone. The structure is porous, filled with air. Shell stones are suitable for salt water and high hardness aquariums.

Stones for an aquarium

It is difficult to imagine the beautiful, rich underwater world of an aquarium without the presence of stones in it. This decor item not only serves as an ornament, but is also an excellent shelter for fishes and a place for their spawning. Also stones for an aquarium serve as fastening for different types of plants, hide technical devices, hold additional elements of a decor - terraces, towers, etc. There are a lot of types of decorative stones for an aquarium, but not every cobblestone can be put into your home pond.

What stones are suitable for an aquarium?

Stones from granite, basalt, gneiss, porphyry, granite, quartzite and other primary rocks are suitable for decoration. Sedimentary rocks, such as shell rock, limestone, are very soluble in water and increase its rigidity, thereby causing harm to aquatic inhabitants. Natural stones for aquarium, as a rule, have a flat shape, it is not recommended to use polished, processed stones, they look unnatural in the aquarium, and it is also not advisable to put shale - they have sharp edges, which fish can injure.

Well suited and sea stones for the aquarium, such as: sea pebbles, cave sandstone. Very useful are "live stones", harvested on coral reefs. Thanks to them, biological filtration in the aquarium is accelerated, the fish color improves, the mortality of organisms decreases. And this is a very original piece.

Quite often, artificial stones for an aquarium are used as a decor. They are completely safe and have a wide variety of colors, shapes, properties, and perfectly imitate natural ones.

Glowing Aquarium Stones

These stones have a rounded shape, are very similar to river pebbles, 1-2 cm in diameter, made of high-quality plastic, and covered with a special luminous paint that is safe for the environment.

These glowing stones in the aquarium are able to accumulate light and continue to glow in the dark for 8-12 hours a day. They also can decorate different vases, windows and other items. Such decoration is just a godsend for aquarists.

How to process stones for an aquarium?

Before laying the stones of natural origin must be cleaned of dirt, moss, lichen and boiled in water. It is recommended to carefully examine the stone for the presence of metal particles in it, which can form toxic solutions in aquarium water, as well as some insects. Then the stone is checked for the presence of lime; for this purpose hydrochloric acid is dropped onto it. If foam bubbles appear, there is a limestone, such a stone is not suitable. After inspecting and processing the stones for the aquarium, they need to be re-washed with water and can be used for their intended purpose.

Aquarium decoration with stones

For best effect, large stones should be placed in the background, medium ones in the center, and small ones in front. Putting stones should be close to the walls so that the fish are not stuck in the openings.

All large stone structures are placed on the very bottom of the aquarium, so that they do not fall under the ground. The stones that make up the caves set on each other, providing them with stability.

Putting stones in an aquarium is necessary before water is poured into it. So you can avoid the displacement of the soil and, consequently, the devastation of the whole structure.

If the stones are small, for example: glowing stones for an aquarium, pebbles, gneiss, they can be put directly on the ground, however, in an aquarium where fish like to create shelters under the stones, this is not recommended.

Making an aquarium with different types of stones is always beautiful, natural and as close as possible to nature.

Grotto for aquarium do it yourself

Without decorations the aquarium looks empty, devoid of attractiveness. Of particular interest such aqua design (or rather its absence) does not cause. It is desirable that the design elements carry not only an aesthetic load, but also be functional. One of these elements can be a grotto made by own hands.

Why do you need a cave?

In principle, each owner independently decides what the landscape of his aquarium should be. However, the grotto is appropriate if the water house contains restless fish that chase each other. In this case, he plays the role of shelter from aggressive neighbors in the "house". In addition, this beautiful decorative element adorns the aquarium landscape, it is widely used in some directions aquascape.

Artificial aquarium grottoes are sold in specialized stores. However, many aquarists prefer to do them on their own, at home.

Requirements for materials

A cozy refuge for fish can be made from a variety of materials: glass, stones, plastic, ceramic, wood.

If a decision has been taken to make the scenery on its own, then a number of necessary conditions should be fulfilled, the first of which is the principle of "do no harm." This means that the “building material” should not be aggressive towards the aquatic aquarium environment and its inhabitants.

  • For example, stones should not contain lime, which increases the acidity and hardness of water.
  • Do not use a material with a high content of iron, the excess of which provokes the growth of green algae.
  • They also do not recommend taking stones from the areas of industrial quarries and enterprises for an aquarium.

Home-made decorative design is unthinkable without gluing materials.

  • Decor elements should not contribute to injury to ornamental fish. It is not allowed to use materials with sharp edges and corners.
  • The wooden parts of the structure should also be treated with care and attention. Some wood species may release undesirable substances into the water. This applies, for example, oak and tree species with a high resin content.

After the necessary requirements have been identified, you can proceed to consider the examples of making grottos with your own hands.

Stone decorative designs

The simplest option is to create a small grotto with the help of small pebbles, and flat river pebbles are suitable for this.

You can make a frameless shallow grotto, consistently sticking stones to each other so that gradually, row by row, bring a small hemisphere with an open entrance. And let the shape of the fish shelter be wrong, it will even emphasize its naturalness.

There are several conditions:

  • stones should not have sharp edges
  • the construction of the structure should be carried out directly in the aquarium, before filling it with water.

The result is a natural, functional and fish-safe detail of the overall decor, the only drawback of which is the need to glue the very first row of stones directly to the bottom glass of the aquarium.

There is another way - very time consuming. A stone of the appropriate size is selected, in which gradually, using drills of various diameters, a cave is drilled for fish. The work is dusty, noisy and difficult, but such a cave has its advantages.

  • First, there is no need to use glue and paint.
  • Secondly, such a solid "cave" can be installed anywhere.

Do not, however, put the cobblestone on the glass; it is better to gently put it on the ground for even distribution of the load.

Wood cave

The simplest option is a stump, in which holes are drilled to such an extent and location as necessary according to one’s own design. Naturally, a stump or stump is selected with no signs of rotting or decomposition, it is cleared of bark.

Holes and all other necessary places are polished to prevent fish from getting hurt. To prevent rotting in aquarium water, the wood should be burned with a blowtorch or a gas burner. Read more about how to handle wood in this article.

For such a natural grotto, a base is necessary, which is dusted with soil in the aquarium. You can, by the way, glue the wood directly to the bottom of the "can". As a result of the work done, a grotto combined with a bark is obtained, and such a natural element of the landscape looks quite organic.

Glass as an ornamental material

From an ordinary glass bottle you can make an excellent aquarium cave. Depending on the size of pets, a bottle of the appropriate capacity is selected: 0.5 or 0.33 ml. It must be thoroughly rinsed in hot water.

Now you need to cut the bottle to the desired size.

  • To do this, the stern thread is wetted in gasoline, tightly wrapped around the bottle in the right place and set on fire.
  • Immediately after the thread is burned, we lower the bottle into a container with very cold water.
  • It breaks off exactly at the point where the thread was tied.
  • Now the sharp edges should be rounded with a small file.

In principle, the design is ready, but if you decorate it, then it will get an original look. This can be done with the help of aquarium silicone and river sand of a large fraction. The outer surfaces of the glass grotto are coated with silicone, and the sand is evenly poured from above.

The substrate of the outer shell can also be run-in fine gravel. The product should be allowed to dry for a day, and then it should be laid on the bottom of the aquarium, sprinkled with soil on the sides. Fishes will surely enjoy such an interesting and safe shelter!

Clay caves

Each of us sculpted from clay in childhood. Now you can make the grotto yourself, but only instead of clay you need to use red clay. From it you can make a grotto of the form that your imagination suggests.

True, the modeling itself is a small part of the work. First, the workpiece is dried for 3-5 days in the sun. In the conditions of a city apartment, home craftsmen dry up clay products much faster - in a microwave oven. What is it for?

The main thing is that all the water comes out of the clay, otherwise the product will quickly break.

Then firing is required. If a production workshop with a muffle furnace can be found nearby, the problem is solved. If there is no such furnace, then firing can be performed in a conventional oven heated to 220 degrees. AT

Roasting time - 1 hour, it is recommended to keep the oven door ajar. There is such a feature: if after an hour the oven is immediately turned off, it will quickly cool and the clay will become brittle. That is why the firing temperature should be reduced smoothly, gradually, over a period of 15-20 minutes. After cooling, the homemade grotto is ready for use as intended.

Considered by no means all options of grottoes that can be made by hand. In fact, the ingenuity of home craftsmen has no limits, but the main condition - environmental safety - always remains the same!

Video: how to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands:

Basics of aquarium design

Aquascape is a long-studied art form that allows you to create an underwater landscape. Inspiration for many works comes from underwater locations, as well as natural landscapes such as mountains, jungles, deserts, waterfalls and many others. Before you create a beautiful design aquarium with your own hands, you will need a functional component of the aquarium environment. Some aquatic plants require saturated light and nutrients.

The low cost of operating an aquascap allows you to use low amounts of carbon dioxide, less fertilizer and lighting. Diffuse or dim lighting can be just as stunning as the plants create beautiful highlights. For aquarium design usually use plants, stones and wooden snags.

Types of aquascapes

The "Iwagumi" style is a stone design of an aquarium that came from Japan. All decorative elements are thin and pointed, but supported by smooth elements. Large stones with an uneven surface are placed in the central part of the tank. To create an analogy with the natural environment, stones have slopes that can be hit by water.

Admire the iwagumi style aquarium.

Aquascapes "willows" are often used for low plants that are planted to the fore. The emphasis is on rocks, not plants. Dark and cool stones are in demand in this kind of design.

Dutch style is an aquascape of many plant species. In the traditional Dutch style, there is a minimal emphasis on stones and snags. The choice of plants, their color and location are key factors for creating style. Dutch aquascapes visually look like dense thickets of underwater rivers. Here you can often see bright red, orange, green plants that are planted in large quantities in the front, center and background. This type of design involves the use of the most unusual and whimsical forms of plants. To prepare an aquascape will take a lot of time, skill and patience.

Natural style - recreates natural landscapes. Plants, snags and stones are located in such a way that they resemble a lake or river from their natural environment. This style is characterized by chaotic forms, simplicity. It uses only natural materials. The location of plants, snags and stones is key. Fish is just an addition to beautiful design. Modeling the natural environment requires careful planning. Plants for this aquascap are required low, and are attached to bark, stones or planted in the ground. The fish for him are chosen such that they can revive the landscape - barbs, swordtails, tetras, neons, scalars (schooling species).


To make the design of the aquarium with your own hands, you need to know some rules for the placement of parts.

  1. Avoid symmetry - it gives an aquascape too structured and tidy. There are no symmetrical forms in the natural environment, and you must imitate the environment. There are even algal growths and some dirt on natural rocks and vegetation. Asymmetric shapes are the key to creating beautiful designs.
  2. The focus should not be focused in the middle of the aquarium, but slightly away from its center. Using the golden section (a coefficient that has long been accepted as mathematically aesthetic), the optimal coordination center should be about 1: 1.62 the length of the aquarium.

  3. Calculation of the "Golden Section": measure the length of the aquarium using a centimeter. Divide the length by 100. Multiply your answer by 61.8 and write it down. Now take measurements of one side of the aquarium and make a small mark. It should be the focal point of your aquascape.
  4. What should be in the center? The center should be the largest, brightest, or most impressive aquascape point. This could be the highest rock, a bright red plant, a large flooded snag, or a waterfall at the back of the aquarium.

The form

  1. Avoid straight lines and fenced plants. High seedlings in the background that extend are not recommended. Natural species often have very few straight lines and little continuity. The best forms are those that look like a smooth curve, or chaotic.
  2. Natural curves and concavities will be a plus - plants can be trimmed to create height along the edges, and lower them in the center plane, making a visual drop. This will help create more open space for swimming fish.
  3. Beveled shapes can be quite attractive - triangular shapes and islets can look natural and aesthetic. Slanted dark plants look like a riverbed, which gradually becomes deep.

See how you can arrange an aquarium for 100 liters.

Foreground, mid-plan and background (background)

It is important to distinguish each aquarium background. Each background should contain both high and low bushes of plants. The average plan should consist of snags, rocks and plants of medium size. The foreground should have beautiful broadleaf seedlings, such as anubias, cryptocoryne, arrowhead, aponogeton, and others.

You can make a synthesis - stones and snags can be planted on the foreground, and plants can be planted on any plan to improve the appearance of the aquascape. If you can afford an open-top aquarium, then you have more opportunities to use stones and snags that will stick out of the water surface.

Plants are best planted as follows: starting from the foreground and ending with the background, visually "going down". Long-stemmed species weigh less and are easily entangled in low plants in the foreground. To install rocks, stones and their attachment to each other, use silicone aquarium glue. It is more secure, and allows mosses, ferns and all wires to remain in place. Also mosses, ferns and creeping plants should be attached to a hard surface - wood or stone. Do this with aquarium glue or sparks.

Aquarium: do-it-yourself design (photo)

Today it is easy to embody the design decisions of the internal and external design of turnkey aquariums. Modern studios offer the most unusual variations in the artistic design of hidden depths. However, if you wish, you can create your own design project, making a truly unique aquarium. The design, realized with your own hands, will allow to realize any idea, making the created underwater world a basic element of the interior of the room.

Aqua design

It is best to keep aquarium fish for people who see it as a pleasant activity and rest, and not a hassle or problem. After all, it is not enough just to buy an aquarium and run inhabitants into it. It is also important to be able to care for him so that he would not just like him, but deliver aesthetic pleasure.

The underwater world at home or in the office is a kind of living picture, it is a way to emphasize the individuality of the interior. Aqua design is an integral part of aquarism. The special uniqueness of it guarantees its own vision of the design of the underwater world. Thinking over their artistic project, real aquarists approach it with all their hearts. Their main goal is to create an original landscape and a comfortable environment for the life of aquatic inhabitants. Such artistic design allows the most harmonious pour into the interior of the room aquarium. The design, made by hand, allows you to embody the most incredible design options for compositions, from which it is simply impossible to tear your eyes off. It can be fabulously beautiful sea, rocky scenes, mountain valleys, mangrove forests.

By virtue of your hectic imagination, you can create the most incredible decoration projects. However, they all require a clear concept - from their development to implementation. First of all, you need to decide on the style of the aquarium and its features. It is also important to take into account the size of the aquarium and its shape, so that the chosen style would be appropriate for a particular area. The selection of the internal filling of the aquarium and its appearance should harmoniously blend into the environment.

Fish are also of great importance. The design is developed for them, with the obligatory consideration of their habitat. Compositions are depending on the type of fish. Many of them need shelters, without which they can die. Some of them like to hide in a sandy bottom, some prefer small thickets. The role of shelters is perfectly performed by snags and grottoes. These decorations with special lighting give a special charm and mystery to the underwater world. They allow you to create unique compositions and a real paradise for exotic inhabitants, a new habitat for which has become your aquarium. Design, made by hand, makes it possible to implement any creative ideas, there would be a desire.

Types of aquariums

The scenery for the subject environment of the underwater world serves as a safe decoration for the aquarium. But the main component of the internal design is its thriving biosystem.

According to their purpose, aquariums are divided into decorative and special (spawning, selection, nursery, quarantine and others). The most popular of them are species and biotope.

Species aquarium will not only decorate the interior of the house, but also give a unique opportunity to observe a certain type of fish or their closely related species. Its inhabitants have a significant impact on the design of the aquarium. It’s not difficult at all to do it yourself, but before embodying the idea, you should seriously familiarize yourself with the habits of selected fish in their natural habitat.

Biotope aquariums reproduce the imitation of a natural biotope with a characteristic type of fish, plants, and certain parameters of their habitat.


For aquarium design does not stand out any single qualification. Typically, the design of the project is carried out in the well-established stylistic directions. The main ones are:

  • decorative;
  • natural;
  • Dutch;
  • Japanese;
  • pseudo-sea;
  • plot;
  • vanguard;
  • collection;
  • seawater aquarium.

For newbies

For novice naturalists, the best option for decorating an aquarium will be the collector style. This is an ideal option, allowing you to "get a hand". Everything is allowed here. You can mix plants, use their artificial imitations, choose any aquarium. Design, embodied in your own hands, allows you to create interesting compositions from plants of different textures and decorative elements. It is possible to experiment with different storylines. The choice of plants should depend on the subject. To begin with, it is recommended to give preference to unpretentious and hardy plants.

Natural style

In 1980, Takashi Amano, a famous Japanese aqua-designer, presented a new direction in the design of aquariums - the natural style. The philosophy of these aquarium paintings lies in the understanding and perception of nature, recreated according to the principle of "Wabi - Sabi" ("modest beauty").

This style draws inspiration from mountain and forest landscapes, water streams. With the help of various decorative elements (koryag, stones) that define the focal points of decoration, small architectural forms are created. Their asymmetrical placement, based on the rule of the "golden section", makes it possible to set the direction of the natural (natural) sense of perception of the entire composition.

The schooling fish will effectively emphasize the recreated landscapes, will bring diversity to the underwater world and will literally catch up to pay attention to the aquarium. Do-it-yourself design (100 liters volume, at least) of a miniature version in a natural style is better to start with the use of no more than 5 types of plants.

Underwater garden

One of the most beautiful areas in the creation of the underwater world is the Dutch style.It is fascinating to make a similar design aquarium with your own hands. 250 liters for the creation of a submarine garden - quite the best option.

The basis of this style is aquarium plants of various texture, shape, size and color. Paths of greenery, occupying almost the entire main area of ​​the bottom, allows you to create an amazing effect of depth. Architectural forms in the form of decorative korsag and stones are present in limited quantities. Well maintained underwater garden is visually perfect and interesting.

Seawater aquarium

Many people today are keen on breeding marine fish. Preparing a biological environment for them is more difficult, especially with the use of living corals that are quite demanding on water parameters. But experienced naturalists are quite able to create such an aquarium design with their own hands. 200 liters is the optimal average volume for enjoying the contemplation of the underwater sea. It should not be overpopulated with living beings, since a limited life support system operates in such a reservoir.

Design a marine aquarium is necessary taking into account its type, which not least depends on the inhabitants. These can be predators (sharks, rays, moray eels), non-predatory fish (zebrasomes, angelfish and other species) or corals and invertebrate sea anemones. Predatory fish are considered the most unpretentious; invertebrates are more difficult to care for and may die from minor deviations in chemical indicators of water.

For the livelihood of such aquariums is to purchase expensive equipment. It will need to be decoded, it is worth considering when developing the design of the aquarium with your own hands. The photo shows how you can successfully hide all the wires, hoses and tubes, making out the background with picturesque coral reefs, rocks and shelters for fish in the form of mysterious grottoes and caves.


Having acquired practical skills and relying on experience gained over time, you can try to master such a special kind of art, a peculiar analogue of landscape design for parks and gardens, like aquascape.

This is a do-it-yourself landscape design that can be created by more experienced aquarists. The underwater world is organized by them using certain aquascape rules. This direction in aqua design involves a composition that is thought out to the smallest detail. To create an underwater landscape, decorative elements, plants and inhabitants are selected that can not only coexist peacefully, but also express the basic idea contained in the landscape.

Aquarium background

A beautiful background for the design of the back wall of the aquarium is easily created with the help of special films on which images of the underwater world are applied. They can have just a rich blue color, creating the effect of depth and contrast. But it is much more interesting to include the background, the size and volume of the tank, the decorations used and incorporate everything into your own designed aquarium: 250 liters, there is a stone background, spectacular snags, stones, moss, various plants - all these elements by the way.

It is worth noting that the background of the aquarium often gives the whole composition (especially volumetric) a unique charm and naturalness of the aquatic environment. It is easy to create it with your own hands, using, for example, polystyrene foam broken by different pieces, which is glued to the back wall of the aquarium and painted with special paint with intermittent strokes. It turns out an excellent imitation of stone background. It can be made in a similar way, using pieces of bark from kryag.

The composition can be created from dead coral, stones from the sea reef. Small invertebrates, polyps and other inhabitants will find shelter in the marine aquarium.

The design of the aquarium, designed and executed by hand, allows for a considerable number of excellent ideas for plot aquariums using exotic plants, shells and sea stones. An incredible number of them can be realized by creating their own "rock gardens". And then with pleasure to watch the flickering on their background of bright fish with an unusual color.

The main thing - do not overdo it with decorative elements, plants and inhabitants of the aquarium. Everything should be harmoniously combined, to give pleasure to its creator and not to harm the fish.

Aquarium - an element of the interior

Thanks to the unusual beauty, modern aquariums can become a real gem of any interior. The variety of styles and forms is simply amazing. Aquariums can be suspended, floor, built-in. Aquariums-dioramas create a stunning effect in the room, their form seems to contribute to immersion in the exciting water world. The handwritten version improves well-being and improves mood. Today, even a dry aquarium is not uncommon. The design, realized with your own hands, allows you to give yourself an unusual creative concept of the sea landscape. Many solutions can be created due to the incredible flight of creativity. It is definitely simple and incredibly interesting!

Aquarium decoration: constructing a grotto with your own hands

Novice aquarists often make mistakes. The main one is the incompatibility of peaceful fish with predators or sharing too playful ones that chase neighbors and intend to bite off part of the tail fin. Especially often this is observed in barbs. But, since the aquarium has already started to function, it is necessary to get out creating an artificial grotto.

The grotto for the aquarium is necessary for both adult fish and fry. You can take the path of less resistance and buy a ready-made construction, but why pay over, if you can make a unique thing on your own that will become the “face” of your aquarium.

Please note that this article contains workshops on making safe for grottoes for fish. Some craftsmen, lay out lessons on the creation of shelters from foam, silicate and cover it with harmful paint. One can hardly expect that the fish will survive in the neighborhood of the "chemical plant".

Stone grotto

Natural stone is an ideal material for creating a natural grotto. It does not contain any harmful components, and besides it has an aesthetic appeal. To create a shelter, you must find the largest stone and cut a cave in it with power tools. Of course, the work is not the cleanest, but the fish will be delighted. Thanks to the porous surface, the stone quickly acquires moss, which allows it to disguise itself and join the unified ensemble of design solutions.

Wooden grotto for aquarium

At first glance - a rotting tree is not the best neighbor for aquarium animals. In fact, the treated wood will not harm them. The process is similar to the one above. From a fat bitch, thin stump we make a cave with exits. Cut holes in accordance with the size of the fish, so they will be less injured. To save the fins it is necessary to burn all the places where the wood touched the drill with a blowtorch or a candle. This option is suitable for non-standard aquariums, where great importance is attached to naturalness.

Bark cover

Each of us in childhood tried to tear the bark off a tree. From the old stump it can be removed in one sheet, which rolls up into a tube. This is exactly what you need. We carry out a full complex of disinfection (boiling and washing) and send it to the aquarium.

Stone shelter

If you have patience, then you can try to lay out the grotto for the aquarium with your own hands from small pebbles. To do this, you need to pick up smooth, flat "bricks", and build a hollow pyramid. Please note that the design should be stable and with a slight jolt not collapsed.

Coral grotto

Coral designs give charm to your pond. In addition, they will be the original grotto for residents. Today, most of the tourists on the shelves are gathering dust above the designated material, why not bring it to life again? The truth before this will have to be carefully sanitized.

decoration in the aquarium with their own hands.

Grotto, rock, cave do it yourself for aquarium