For aquarium

DIY Aquarium Lamp


DIY Aquarium Lighting - video description

DIY LED Aquarium Lighting

The first way is to make your own illumination of the aquarium with LEDs - the simplest, where you can additionally equip a lighting cap with special fitolamps. For this purpose, a white LED strip is attached around the perimeter. This will give the optimum spectrum and the most uniform illumination along the upper perimeter of the aquarium. A plastic-filled LED tape based on self-bonding is used, where the protective layer is removed and fastened around the perimeter of the box.

This light is widely used for decorative purposes, but it cannot be an independent source of aquarium lighting. Insulation at the junction of the tape and cord is made of special transparent silicone used for aquariums. It will reliably protect the power cord from water. The output wires are marked in red, this is a plus, and the minus is a black or blue wire. If the polarity is not observed, the LEDs will not work.

The second way is to collect a full-fledged LED lighting aquarium sufficient power without generators and sophisticated equipment. At 200-300 liters, a power of 120 watts is sufficient for an aquarium richly planted with plants. This adds a total of 40 dot LEDs for 270 lumens, 3 watts each. As a result, 10,800 lumens of illumination will be released, which will give a very bright illumination for a given volume. It is important to monitor the balance of the entire ecosystem, and with an excess of light and the development of green microorganisms, it is necessary to reduce the overall intensity.

The cost of such a design can vary greatly, since in Chinese online stores, for example, even more reputable companies can find LEDs and power supplies of the same quality. At the same time prices may vary at times.

For self-installation of the backlight will need:

  • LED lamp kit
  • 2-2,5 meters of a plastic trench 100 mm wide,
  • 12 volt power supply, can be from a computer,
  • soft wire 1.5 mm,
  • preferably 6 computer coolers at 12 volts,
  • 40 connector slots for LEDs
  • 48 mm hole cutter.

The length of the aquarium will cut 2 pieces of the gutter, in the bottom of which we drill holes, about 20 pieces per meter, placing them in a checkerboard pattern. LED lamps are inserted into the holes and fasten.

All lamps must be connected to the power supply in parallel to the 12 volt power supply. For proper connection, it is better to contact an electrician, since the connection scheme may seem difficult for people who are not experts in the field of connecting lamps to the connectors. Computer coolers or fans should be installed when large vapors or lids are heated for lighting.

For decorative purposes, sometimes they make additional night lights, such as moonlight. To do this, connect a little blue LED strip, which can be installed behind the rear wall, but so that it was below the bottom of the aquarium. The electric timer can turn it on when the daylight turns off.

Advantages and disadvantages of various aquarium lighting options

Determine what types of aquarium lighting exist about their features:

  • Backlight aquarium using incandescent bulbs has already become yesterday. They are very warm, disturbing the heat balance, and shine a little.
  • Illumination with the use of fluorescent lamps solves the problem of light intensity, but the required spectrum of illumination does not fully provide.
  • Aquarium lighting with the use of modern fitolamp fully provides both the intensity and the required range of lighting. However, such lighting is very expensive and not everyone can afford it.
  • LED lighting aquarium - a modern way to supply light, which is most close to natural light.

Advantages of aquarium lighting with LEDs

Aquarium lighting with LEDs is a relatively new offer. LEDs have important characteristics that today make them leaders among lighting fixtures. The use of such lamps has a large number of advantages.

  1. They are very easy to install, due to the fact that the cartridges fit almost all types of socles.
  2. LED lamps are not afraid of water, therefore, the likelihood of a short circuit is excluded. However, even in conditions of high humidity, these lighting devices function without interruption.
  3. LED lamps designed to illuminate the aquarium, fireproof.
  4. Such lamps do not generate heat during operation, which makes it possible to keep the overall temperature of the aquarium comfortable, even if the lamps work throughout the day.
  5. Depending on the length of the day, the presence of natural light, you can change the brightness of the aquarium lighting. In addition, it is possible to make a night lighting of the aquarium and observe the life of the fish, admiring amazing underwater pictures.

Important! The average time of one lamp is five years. Consequently, all this time there will be no need to make replacement parts and do not have to disturb the inhabitants of the aquarium. In addition, it should be said about energy saving (about 70%). For these reasons, most aquarium owners prefer to light them with LED lamps. The same qualities have special LED strip.

Safety and durability

Since the LED lamps do not emit ultraviolet and infrared radiation, they are completely safe for absolutely all the inhabitants of the aquarium. On the contrary, the lighting of the aquarium with LEDs on the coloring and health of the fish has a favorable effect. In addition, due to the spectral composition of the rays, they contribute to the development of aquarium plants. To the aquarium was lit as best as possible, you can combine different types of LED lamps. They can be installed in any conditions and in any premises.

Lighting aquarium energy-saving lamps.

The same fluorescent, but adapted for use with cheap fittings for incandescent lamps. By default, the "launcher" for the lamp is in the electronics of the lamp itself. If you are lucky with the manufacturer and the quality of electronics - the warranty period will last. If not, the lighting of the aquarium with energy-saving lamps will cease to function precisely because of breakdowns in cheap electronics.

  • Spectrum lighting aquarium. Regarding the spectrum, manufacturers are forced to install control electronics in each light bulb, so they are trying to save on something else. Most often - on the phosphor.
    Its quality is verified simply - on the site of a solid manufacturer the spectrum is ALWAYS present. If it's not there, a regular CD comes to the rescue.

    To determine the spectrum of lighting aquarium, just look at the "rainbow" of the light of the lamp being tested, reflected from the disk. If the "rainbow" of individual colors, the phosphor is cheap and in order to make the lighting of the aquarium is not suitable. If the "rainbow" is continuous, then you (and home water) are lucky!

  • Ease of use - like incandescent bulbs. Do not touch the flask with your fingers! But with cheapness (the ratio: lighting for an aquarium is a price), things are not going smoothly, especially since lamps with poor spectrum are often offered for substantial money (remember the trick with the rainbow reflected from the CD?)
  • Accessibility is great! Thanks to the accessories from incandescent bulbs and aggressive advertising of "economical" lamps.
  • In terms of electricity consumption, aquarium lighting with energy-saving lamps is 2–3 times more economical and more profitable than incandescent lamps. But the service life - not always. It is better to prefer expensive products of well-known manufacturers with a guarantee.

How to calculate the lighting for the aquarium? The power of fluorescent lamps for the aquarium is also calculated "from liters".

One liter of water is preferably about half a watt of lamp power. That is, an aquarium of one hundred liters will need fifty watts of fluorescent lighting (or a set of two or three energy-saving lamps of the same total power).

Lighting aquarium fluorescent lamps.

Today, aquarium fluorescent lighting is the unofficial standard for home oceans. In any case, the vast majority of purchased aquariums are sold with luminous lighting.

Such aquarium lighting uses an electrical discharge in a flask filled with mercury vapor. As a result, the aquarium is illuminated with ultraviolet light, affecting a layer of a special phosphor substance. Here it is, depending on the composition, and emits a "day" light with a small admixture of ultraviolet radiation. And if you use a special quartz glass for the bulb of a fluorescent lamp - you’ll get a tanning lamp

  • On the market there are two types of "day" lamps - the so-called "cold" and "warm." Products marked D (LD, LDC, etc.) are poorly suited for lighting the aquarium, as they have almost no red color in the spectrum. They are more used in production "state" premises. But the lamps with marking B (LB, LTP, etc.) are similar to daylight in the spectrum and are well suited for aquarium lighting, both for fish and for aquarium lighting for plants.
  • High-quality fluorescent lamps are more expensive than incandescent lamps - both the accessories and the lamps themselves. It is better not to be greedy and buy lighting aquarium with a reliable launcher. The fact is that in trying to conquer the market, manufacturers have developed low-cost lighting fixtures for aquarium lighting, in which cheap lamps with built-in launchers are used. But miracles do not happen and you have to pay twice for "saving" - such lamps do not last long, and, first of all, just the electronics, made of cheap components, deteriorate. So soon the repair of the aquarium lighting will be provided.
  • The choice is big - both cheap and expensive solutions.
  • Fluorescent lamps are almost not heated - they recycle most of the electrical energy into light and ultraviolet.

Such aquarium lighting is on average 2-3 times more economical than incandescent bulbs.

Aquarium lighting with halogen lamps.

An improved version of the incandescent lamp. Iodine or bromine is added to the flask, which allows you to raise the temperature of the filament and prolongs the life of the lamp:

  • The spectrum of lamps is also shifted to the red area, although it is smaller than that of ordinary incandescent lamps. These lights adore photographers for almost perfect color reproduction. This aquarium light radiates more ultraviolet light.
  • Halogen lamps are somewhat more expensive than their predecessors. Ease of use - at the level of incandescent bulbs.
  • Accessibility for aquarium lighting is ideal.
  • Halogen lamps “recycle” more energy into the light, but they still differ in their overly “hot” temper and are not perfect as lights for aquarium lighting.

Aquarium lighting with incandescent bulbs.

The oldest source of electric lighting. Let us analyze this type of lighting in more detail:

  • The spectrum of incandescent bulbs is shifted to the red area. That is why such aquarium lighting is especially advantageous for red fish. But the inhabitants of the aquarium of other colors will look faded and distorted. Not the best option for aquarium plants - ultraviolet in the spectrum of the incandescent lamp a bit. Lighting aquarium for plants with such lamps is not very suitable.
  • With ease of use, everything is clear - the oldest type of electric lighting long ago was overgrown with a bunch of "bells and whistles" for all occasions that are available in any specialized store. Everything is great with ease of use. Although to illuminate the aquarium, the option is more complicated than the banal "on-off". For example, the dimmer and turn-on delay mode dramatically increases lamp life and allows you to smoothly adjust the illumination.
  • Accessibility is perfect.
  • Efficiency is the worst possible. Most of the energy goes into heat, which is not always useful for aquarium dwellers and decently "shakes" the counter.

Proper Aquarium Lighting

As soon as lovers imbued with the beauty of tropical fish. hedgehogs. starfish and live corals. then the first problem that they have to solve is the problem of correct lighting. After all, the light is needed and fish, and the inhabitants of the reefs. And for the latter, it is more important many times. In order to choose the right lighting for the aquarium, most often use fluorescent lamps in combination with actinic and metal halide lamps. But first things first.


The lighting in the aquarium has its own nuances. How much light is needed in a marine aquarium? This is influenced by many factors. The main ones are # 8212 reservoir volume, as well as its height. How are the dimensions of the reservoir and the power of the lamps?

How to choose the right lamps

How to make lighting aquarium with your own hands? Quite often, fluorescent lamps are used in domestic water bodies. To ensure the required spectrum, they are supplemented by metal halides, but the latter convert a considerable part of the light radiation into heat. Therefore, they significantly increase the temperature of the water and heat the lid of the aquarium (if it is or is the built-in part of the tank under the aquarium). For the inhabitants of the underwater world is not very good. Apply also actinics (blue lamps), separately adding the blue part of the spectrum. Usually, the calculation of the lighting of the aquarium is quite simple. Takes 1-1.5 W of power per liter of water, if the reflectors are good, or 2 W per liter, if they are weak. You should know: if the lighting is not enough, then plants and corals will slow down growth.

For example, brown scurf may appear on algae. consisting of microbacteria, and this leads to fish diseases and changes in water quality. Proper lighting will solve this problem if artificial and sunlight combines well.

What kind of lamp for the aquarium better

Metal halide luminaire with integrated blue lamps

Many sources point out that the best option is to use fluorescent lights. They shine well, quite economical. They are connected via an electronic ballast, as well as a special device - a choke.

Nowadays, most lovers prefer special fluorescent lamps in combination with metal halides. At the same time they are placed on the front wall of the reservoir.

In addition, special fluorescent aquarium lamps of different power with warm or daylight white light are also used. Installation is carried out complete with special reflectors. With properly tuned lighting, the fish will demonstrate the diversity of all their color, while corals will develop excellently.

Fluorescent lamps are economical, provide excellent lighting, last long enough. As a disadvantage, it can be noted that they need to be connected using a special device # 8212 of electronic ballast or choke.

The choice of lighting

T5 lamps

Fluorescent lamps T5 do well with the lighting in the aquarium. In this case, special attention should be paid to their main indicators: color and power. Power can vary in the range of 8–56 W, but the length is 20–120 cm. It is important to know the following: 0.5 W of power should fall by 1 liter (at least) 1 cm in length - corresponds to approximately 1 W of power.

In addition, aquarium lamps t5 have such important characteristics as brightness and color range. Properly chosen spectrum will allow corals to grow and develop properly. In general, there are 2 light absorption maxima. One is located from the red-orange, the other - from the violet-blue end of the spectrum. In this case, the first one and a half times more efficiently than the second.

Thus, it is clear that the blue spectrum should be expressed more. Based on the fact that photosynthesis does not affect fish in any way, they don't care what kind of light you choose.

From the manufacturers' point of view, lamps from such recognized names as Aqua Medic, Hailea, Reef Octopus, BLV are now on the market.

Spectrum and types of fixtures

metal halide lamps

As mentioned earlier, the spectrum is of paramount importance in lighting a marine aquarium. Usually used fluorescent and metal halide lamps of high power, having a light temperature of 10-20 thousand Kelvin. Unfortunately, they emit quite a lot of heat and do not fit well into small reservoirs without cooling equipment. Since the increased temperature is not very useful to the inhabitants of your underwater world, it is sometimes more rational to get fluorescent lighting. In addition, fluorescent light is much more similar to solar. With him, the fish will look more colorful.

The more they can be built into the cover of the aquarium # 8212 the better, because a lot of light does not happen. If you do not want to take metal-halide lamps, it will somewhat limit your choice of reef inhabitants, but for most animals lamps like T5 are quite suitable.

Spectrum of T5 fluorescent lamps

Note that the length of daylight hours of the sea should be 10-12 hours. It is also desirable to provide an 8-10 hour shading period. Это нужно для того, что многие жители моря питаются лишь темноте, поэтому они просто останутся голодными. Проще всего будет подключить осветительную систему к таймеру, обеспечив этим своевременную смену времени суток. Помните, что светильники с их пускорегулирующими устройствами не должны по возможности нагревать воду.

Кроме серии Т5 в продаже имеются также лампы Т8. Что же означают эти обозначения? Т5 и Т8 характеризуют тип цоколя. The differences are in length and power standards. In this case, there are 2 types: economical (HE) and powerful (HO). The latter have a high brightness and small length. In aquariums it is often HO that are used, because they are compact and powerful. Another difference between t5 and t8 lamps is the temperature at which the luminous flux is attained.

The maximum luminous flux at T5 is obtained at a temperature of +35 Celsius, and +25 degrees. # 8212 at T8. It is also worth noting that the service time of the T5 is longer than that of the T8. It is 5 years with a loss of luminous flux of 20%. In T8, the light flux is halved in a year.

The general conclusion is that the LED lamps T5 are more durable, more powerful, they do not lose the light flux for a long time. T8 - thicker, cheaper and less heated.

Blue light in the aquarium

Pay special attention to the lighting of the reservoir at night when there is no natural sunlight. It is precisely to solve this issue and you can use blue fluorescent lamps, allowing you to create the necessary level of illumination with a specific spectrum. It is very important that the blue color in the spectrum penetrates deep enough into the water. Only invertebrates could adapt to limited coverage as a result of evolutionary selection. that inhabit the reefs.

Spectrum of blue lamps T5 aktinikov

Blue light is optimal, it does not affect the fluorescent dyes of these animals. Blue, blue and moonlight in the aquarium allow you to create blue fluorescent lamps, they are actinics. Blue and blue light can enhance the blue color of fish, corals and other invertebrates. Intense radiation in the blue region of the spectrum favorably affects photosynthesis, as well as invertebrate animals and deep-water corals.

Duration of daylight hours

In a pond where only fish live, they recommend a proportion of 3 watts of 4.5-liter lamps. If you have herbs, then the lighting can be enhanced. If you live tropical or subtropical fish, then it is worth making light day for 12 hours all year. For fish living far from the equator, it is necessary to lengthen the summer day, and to make the winter one shorter. To facilitate this procedure, purchase a timer that will turn your lights on and off.

Plants and corals with aquarium lighting

The intensity of lighting in the aquarium with corals depends on their species that you live. Therefore, it is very important to know the needs of plants for lighting up to the time when you decide to start them. There are many easy-to-care plants and animals that can live in an aquarium, even without artificial light. But there are also quite demanding corals, which require special lighting, because in order to grow successfully, they need intense fluorescent light. In general, often for solving such issues order professional maintenance of aquariums.

With species that grow near the surface of the water, and even in clean tropical waters, be especially careful. In addition, algae, releasing red leaves, very bright light will not like it.

For those lovers who hold corals, a powerful luminous flux is required, even not all fluorescent lights are able to cope with this. This task is successfully performed by metal halides.

There are also corals living in the middle depths. They do not need a bright light. Usually choose corals living near the surface of the water in the bright tropical sun, because they are colorful and picturesque. In addition, these corals live in symbiosis with green algae, carrying out the process of photosynthesis.

However, as a rule, in domestic water bodies there is almost always a lack of lighting compared to the natural environment, so amateurs try to ensure maximum light in order to get closer to the level of illumination of the ocean reef.

Night lights

Night is the time of the natural activity of many animals. As a rule, nightly species of fish begin to hunt when darkness comes. For better observation of their life will require night lighting aquarium. To solve this problem it is recommended to use blue light lamps of weak power. They will illuminate the underwater inner world, perfectly imitating the natural light of the moon. Such a spectrum will allow your pets to create optimal hunting conditions. In addition, a blue lamp for an aquarium will provide an opportunity to stimulate reproduction in some fish that are having difficulty breeding in captivity.

Lighting aquarium led strip do it yourself.

Lighting an aquarium with LED tape is one of the most energy-saving and, importantly, safe ways to light an aquarium. Of all types of LED lighting for the aquarium, the best is the lighting of the aquarium with LED tape.

The advantages of such lighting:

  • LED tape is energy efficient, aquarium lighting with LED tape is the most economical type of lighting.
  • Such aquarium lighting is safe. The voltage of the power supply unit supplying the LED strip for the aquarium is 12 Volt, such voltage is safe not only for people but also for the flora and fauna of your aquarium.
  • Adjusting the luminous flux. You can always add or remove the brightness of the lighting, so you can adjust any ice lighting for the aquarium.
  • Can be used as additional lighting. An aquarium with plants often requires additional lighting of the aquarium. From the LED strip you get an excellent LED lighting aquarium with plants with your own hands, as the main and additional.
  • Diode lighting aquarium in various colors. Although it is recommended to use white LED strips for lighting an aquarium, this does not negate the fact that there are different colors and types of LED strips in nature.
  • Simplified installation. It is very easy to mount the LED tape on the aquarium due to the adhesive tape base.
  • An opportunity to mount a LED tape as lighting of an aquarium under water, at the expense of tightness and a class of protection IP65.

To make lighting aquarium LED tape with your own hands, but you will need a power supply of 12 Volts, 5 meters of LED tape (1 reel) power consumption of the tape 9.5 Watts per meter.

Total about $ 50 cost our lighting for the aquarium, the price of one reel of tape, protection class IP65, is $ 25, power supply - $ 20. Our aquarium took 2.2 meters of light tape.

We isolated the place of cutting and connecting the LED strip to the power supply unit using a transparent sealant, and glued it to the aquarium lid so that there was no contact with water and the filtration system. As a result, we have an enviable aquarium with filter and lighting.

The rest of the tape stock we used to highlight the computer system unit





How to make aquarium lighting with LEDs

LED (Light Emitting Diode) lighting is an excellent option for a saltwater or freshwater aquarium. LED lamps do not consume much electricity. Differ in long and rather easy operation. These features allow you to reduce operating costs for a long time. Environmentally friendly LED lighting does not contain harmful chemicals such as mercury or phosphorus, unlike fluorescent lamps. You have the opportunity to install LED lighting aquarium with your own hands, if you use the instructions.

Advantages and disadvantages of LED lighting

  1. LED aquarium lighting is initially expensive, but standard LED lamps currently work up to 50,000 hours, and are cheaper if you count on their long-term perspective.
  2. LED lighting also emits less heat, so it does not always require fans and cooling systems (depending on the number of lamps installed).
  3. Determine what type of LED light will best suit your needs for lighting a fish tank. If you have a salt water aquarium, more powerful LED lights will be required. Large and deep tanks also require strong lighting.

  4. This is ideal for a tank with relatively small plants. Tanks with lively underwater reefs require more light, and buying LED aquarium lamps with higher power ratings is highly recommended.
  5. Electricity and water in the interaction form a charge that can be deadly. The human body works as a channel between them, and with improper maintenance of the lamps, injury from electric shock may occur. Turn off all electronics, wiring systems and lighting when installing LED lamps, and drain the water from the aquarium. It will protect your life.

Look at the LED backlit aquarium.

How to install LED aquarium lighting by yourself

The first method, how to make LED lighting aquarium do it yourself is the simplest. Here you can use the cover with a special backlight. It is recommended to attach white LED stripes around the perimeter of the lid, which will provide a variety of spectrum and provide uniform illumination of the upper tank perimeter.

The second method is to make a small "chandelier". Above the tank it is necessary to make a block of square, round or diamond shape, in which you can put all the equipment and LED strip. Lighting capacity of 120 watts is enough for a spacious tank with a capacity of 250-300 liters, where many fish and plants live. Such a "chandelier" may contain about 40 LED lamps with a luminous flux of 270 lm (lumen), 3 watts each. The brightness of the illumination will be more than 10,000 lm, which will provide a bright light spectrum in an aquarium of such a volume. The main thing is to constantly monitor the balance of the ecosystem: an excess of green light promotes the growth of microbes.

How much does it cost to assemble such a lamp? The cost may be different, depending on the seller. It is advisable to buy LED lamps from trusted manufacturers, so that they last for a long time and do not create installation difficulties. Reliable imported LED lamps: Osram, Cree, Philips, Lumileds. Russian manufacturers of LED dump: "Feron", "Camelion", "Jazzway", "Gauss", "Navigator", "Era".

To mount the lighting with such bulbs yourself, you need:

  • Buy a lot of LED bulbs, LED strip;
  • Plastic trench 10 cm wide and 2 meters long;
  • Power supply 12 V, can be carried out from a stationary computer;
  • Take the soft wire 1.5 mm;
  • Get air conditioning at 6-12 V;
  • No LED connectors are needed for the LED strip; 40 lamps are required for the lamps;
  • Cutter for holes 48 mm.

See how to make LED lighting for the aquarium with your own hands.

After all materials have been prepared, two grooves should be cut along the plastic construction, and about 20 pieces should be drilled in the lower part. at 1 meter, you can staggered. Then in the holes you need to put the LEDs, and fix them. All lamps must be connected to the power supply. If you do not know how to properly handle the wiring, contact an electrician who can perform the procedure correctly.

The cooler or fan should be placed in the place of evaporation or heating of the lighting coating. For decorative purposes, you can make a night light, which will become an imitation of moonlight. It is needed for tropical sea fish and sea anemones. For night light, you can use a blue LED ribbon, which can be installed on the back wall. An electric lighting timer or automatic switching on / off of the backlight must also be connected in order to regulate the amount of daylight required.

The lighting of the aquarium should come from its upper part - this is how soft and diffused light is formed. It is better to use an ICE lamp with a power of 1 W, however, for different aquariums the appropriate power is chosen. A LED strip of 30-40 light bulbs with a total power of 3 watts may be enough for a 200-liter tank. The main thing that the light was not too bright, and not harm the slaves and plants. The optimal calculation is 0.5 watts per 1 liter of water, but for a deep and spacious aquarium in the formula, all indicators must be multiplied by two.

It is also important to take into account the thickness of the bottom - visually the water and all bottom plants should receive enough light in the lower layers of the tank. Bottom fishes and snails require a little light, but the plants will still grow and require more light. In the process of photosynthesis, plants will require a lot of light, because of its deficiency will emit less oxygen. To avoid problems, you need to adjust the amount of daylight, and create a uniform lighting in the pond, which will receive every inhabitant.

DIY Aquarium Light

Fish and plants living in a home aquarium are adapted to bright lighting and high temperatures. Ordinary street lighting is not enough for them, since we have autumn for a short day (especially in winters), and the rooms in which aquariums are installed are not always well lit. In order for the plants to undergo photosynthesis processes and the fish feel comfortable, they need lighting for the aquarium that is easy to do with your own hands. The budget lamp will not yield anything to the store.

DIY Aquarium Lamp

To make a lamp for the aquarium with your own hands will require the following devices:

  • plastic panel;
  • simple pencil;
  • knife;
  • ruler;
  • mirror / black adhesive tape;
  • shrinking;
  • chuck with cable;
  • tin strip.

It is required to make a box for the lamp in which the lamp will be placed. Production of the lamp will occur in several stages:

  1. Measure out, cut 4 pieces of plastic (then they will become the walls of the lamp box) and trim the edges so that they are even.
  2. Make an incision and remove the top layer of plastic (about 1 cm).
  3. Cut off the plastic partitions from each edge.
  4. Connect the panels in such a way as to make boxing. This can be done using plastic glue.
  5. Inside the box obkleite mirror tape. It will reflect the light from the bulb and scatter it over the aquarium.
  6. Attach the cartridge with a tin strip, rounding it over the cartridge with small screws.
  7. Top with black tape and twist a light bulb. Attach the lamp to the back wall.

Such a lamp will satisfy the need of fish and plants for lighting.

LED lighting aquarium do it yourself

This illumination is made with the help of a tape consisting of a set of bright light bulbs. To work, you need a power supply with a capacity of 12 volts and the tape itself is white in color with a power of 9.6 W per meter and protection class IP65. Such lights can be placed directly under the water, but you should not experiment with this, as the overhead light is more useful for aquarium tenants.

Connect the tape and power supply cable with silicone sealant. The dried tape can be attached to the lid and included in the food.

LED aquarium lights

Technical progress does not stand still, and the speed with which the aquarium equipment is being improved is simply amazing. How long have artificial reservoirs been lit mostly with incandescent bulbs, practically Ilyich bulbs? And now, fluorescent and even metal halide lamps are considered by some to be yesterday's day, and LEDs are becoming more and more popular.

Why LEDs?

The advantages of using lamps of this type are obvious and numerous:

  • LED (LED, from the English Light-Emitting Diode) lamps emit little heat, so no additional cooling of the aquarium is required;
  • very economical in terms of electricity costs;
  • durable - the life of high-quality LEDs is up to 50,000 hours, while over time they do not change the spectrum (unlike fluorescent lamps, whose spectrum after about six months of use begins to shift to the yellow-green side that is useless for plants);
  • LED light flux is directed in the right direction, unlike cylindrical fluorescent lamps, part of the light from which is wasted, coming up (in order to collect and use this light, you have to install reflectors);
  • The intensity and range of lighting is easy to adjust, including various combinations of LEDs.

What are the requirements for the LEDs in the aquarium?

If you plan to cover only the fish and the underwater landscape, there are no special requirements for lighting, as long as the owner likes it. It is more difficult if there are or are planted live plants in the aquarium.

Then, in contrast to fluorescent lamps, to calculate the required number of LEDs in an aquarium, they operate not with watts - indicators of power, but with lumens - with units of luminous flux.

Unpretentious aquarium plants for well-being requires an illumination of 20-40 lumens per liter, more demanding - 40-60 lumens.

The color temperature of lamps designed to illuminate aquarium plants ranges from 5500 Kelvin (usually 6000-8000 K). Above 6000 K, the light is more saturated with blue hues, below 4000 K - red. Как правило, в аквариумах используются белые светодиоды (в вариациях дневной свет, тёплый белый или холодный белый), иногда с небольшим добавлением красных и синих.

Зелёный свет не используется, поскольку для растений он не нужен.

Параметры силы светового потока и цветовой температуры указываются в характеристиках светодиодных ламп, исходя из них и проводится подбор светильника для аквариума.

Конечно, значение имеет и качество светодиодов. Дешёвые китайские очень недолговечны и имеют малую проникающую способность, то есть они не смогут просветить толщу воды. The best are LEDs brands Osram and Cree.

What types of aquarium LED lights are available?

The choice of LED aquarium lights on the market is not as large as, for example, fluorescent lamps. Most often in the stores there are low-power colored, usually blue, lamps that mimic the moonlight. They are good in those aquariums where they live night fish - with the help of night lighting, you can observe them.

LEDs are widely represented to illuminate nano aquariums, the most popular are the small Aquael Leddy hinged luminaires with a power of 3 and 6 W. There are similar lamps from Dennerle and Aqualighter, but they are on sale much less often, and Dennerle is also several times more expensive.

And only in the most advanced aquarium online stores you can find LED lights for large aquariums. These are Aquael Leddy long (39 and 54 cm each), Aqualighter 1, 2 and 3 rulers and adjustable-length Fluval LED luminaires. They are designed to be fixed in the lid or on the walls of the aquarium, protected from the ingress of water, very convenient to install and operate.

As for the power of their lighting, then, according to aquarists, it is abundantly enough for good lighting of fish and scenery, but only professional, very expensive Aqualighter 3 and Fluval LED models are suitable for Amman or Dutch aquariums with a large number of capricious plants from the above models.

For the sake of fairness, we will mention another group of LED lamps, which are almost not found on sale in Russia. This is a high-tech, powerful and incredibly expensive complexes for lighting marine reef aquariums firms Hagen, Eheim, Giesemann.

LED homemade

Since industrial-made LED aquarium lights are not yet very affordable, and the choice of ordinary LEDs at any electrical store is huge, many aquarists are trying to make lighting for their aquarium on their own.

For this, depending on the required light power, LED lamps, a searchlight or a tape are used. There are no established rules, everyone is experimenting for his own pleasure, as well as to the best of his skills and financial capabilities.

For example, we chose the easiest and cheapest way and supplemented the fluorescent lighting of our aquarium with LED strips. Since we only needed to increase the illumination slightly (the plants in this aquarium are unpretentious), we decided that such an upgrade would be enough.

The following materials and equipment were used:

  1. SMD 5050 LED strip: super power diodes, white color, color temperature about 6000 K, increased dust and moisture protection (silicone casing). Tape power 14.4 watts per meter.
  2. Start-charging device (its power must exceed the total power of the tape installed in the aquarium). In our case, a device with a capacity of 60 watts was used on a 3.5 meter tape with a total power of 50.4 W.
  3. Aquarium silicone sealant.

A cover with tapes stuck on the power supply.

The length of the tape was measured according to the size of the cap so as to cut along the lines indicated on the tape. Cut in other places can not be! Cut the tape into the desired number of parts.

The ends of adjacent tapes were soldered with short pieces of wire with respect to polarity (plus to plus) and soldered to the power supply. We made the wire to the block long enough for the latter to be located on the pedestal, outside the aquarium.

Then they glued the tape to the lid with silicone, pressed it with a load until it was completely dry (it can last up to a day, depending on the glue). The ends of the tape are sealed with silicone sealant.

And everything, after drying the cover is ready for installation.

Sealed wire and tape connection.

The result of adding LEDs to fluorescent lamps immediately became noticeable visually - the aquarium brightened, in addition, the condition of the plants improved: they began to more actively photosynthesize (this can be seen from the oxygen bubbles on the leaves), grow faster and produce new shoots.

No undesirable side effects, such as overheating, are noted. The starter heats up to about 40 ° C, but since it is outside the aquarium, this does not affect the water temperature.

In short, we were satisfied and are going to continue to experiment in other aquariums.

Obviously, LED lighting is the future of aquarism. But now there are enough opportunities to evaluate its merits. Take advantage of them and see for yourself.

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