Gold fish

Varieties of Gold Aquarium Fish


Types of goldfish


with photo, description and links

The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties - the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.

Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.

Carassius auratus

Order, family: carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.

Ph: 5-20.

Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.

Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.


Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.

The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.

The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.

For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.

With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.

A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.

Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.

Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening.

Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish the consequence of which may be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).

Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 - 35 years, short ones - up to 15 years.

Types of goldfish

Heavenly eye or astrologer

The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward. Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color. Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
Water eyes

This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyesVualekhvost or Fantail

The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is different - from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah

Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl

The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin. Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.

Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet

Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.

Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda

Another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful.

Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility Shubunkin

Another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope

The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of ​​the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.

Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead


Video with Golden Fish species

Types of goldfish

Goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is a freshwater fish of the carp family, of the Beaverguda order, of the Karas family. For the first time, goldfish were domesticated more than 1500 years ago in China. They are direct descendants of gold crucians. Nowadays, many types of goldfish are popular pets that have many morphological characteristics.

Origin, General Characteristics

More than 1000 years ago, a goldfish was a dweller of ponds and small decorative ponds, later it began to be kept in small clay tanks, which became the prototypes of modern aquariums. In the XIV century, the Chinese ruler ordered to organize the production of special containers for the maintenance of "silver" crucian carp. The vessels were made of porcelain and ceramics, decorated with ornaments, and enjoyed great popularity among the nobility.

Although the cups were not transparent, and the goldfish could not watch the world through them, however, people began to pour sand onto the bottom of the cups and add plants to the container. In such a vessel usually contain one or more fish. In the modern aquarium, everything is different - the tanks are transparent, equipped with instruments and decorations, so all types of goldfish can feel as comfortable as possible.

These are the most popular fish for beginners, which are distinguished by endurance and unpretentiousness in the content. However, almost all goldfish are cool-loving, they prefer to live in water at a temperature not higher than 24-25 ° C. Some tanks require aeration of water, and, of course, mandatory filtration and siphon of the soil. Goldfish are untidy: they constantly dig up the ground, eat a lot of food, and leave behind a lot of excrement. At least one individual needs at least 50 liters of aquarium water. It is recommended to settle with non-aggressive, omnivorous fish that will not bite off the fins, and will be able to live in cool water.

See how to contain goldfish.

As aquarium decorations, you can use plants, shelters and snags. The entire decor is required to process, it should not be scratches, sharp corners. It is not recommended to install sinks, stone sculptures, snags with pointed branches in the tank. It is advisable to plant hard-leaved and soft-leaved plants that a goldfish can eat (duckweed, wolfia, richchia). Some goldfish are contained in almost empty reservoirs due to the high probability of injury (telescopes, tails).

All goldfish are omnivorous hydrobionts. In addition to plants, they eat live, frozen and branded feed. With pleasure they eat food "for people" - boiled cereals, lettuce, spinach, dandelion, nettle. From animal food they can be given a chimney, daphnia, artemia, bloodworm, cortex, sliced ​​meat of shrimp, earthworms. Goldfish are highly prone to overeating, so feed should be given metered - 2 times a day in small portions. Adults prefer plant food, and young animals prefer protein foods.

How to breed goldfish?

The goldfish becomes mature at the age of 1 year, but if you plan to cross breeds, it is better to wait until it reaches a more mature age (4-5 years). In the wild, Karasiki spawns in the middle of spring. The readiness for spawning is determined by external signs: in the area of ​​gill covers hillocks appear of a light shade, the pectoral fins are characterized by small notches. These features of appearance are peculiar to both males and females. The abdomen of females is rounded and increases in size.

The male begins to pursue the female, drives her into shallow water with dense vegetation. Therefore, simulating reproduction in the natural environment, the water level in the spawning tank is reduced to 15-20 cm. For a spawning aquarium, a capacity of 50-100 liters with aeration and good lighting is suitable. In spawning you need to put a separator grid so that manufacturers do not eat fallen eggs. Planting of dense vegetation is allowed. Spawning lasts 2-5 hours, after the process, the male and the female need to be deposited.

Look at the spawning goldfish.

In one year, goldfish can breed 2-3 times. Larvae of fry appear 2-6 days after fertilization, which depends on the temperature of the aquatic environment. The lighting speeds up the ripening process, and the shade stops. In the first days of life, the larvae are almost stationary, fixed on aquatic plants, and eat up the contents of the yolk sac. After its exhaustion, the fry begin to swim independently in search of food.

Starter feed - Artemia nauplii, live dust, rotifers, special fry food. When the fry grow up, they need to be sorted by size, and settled in different tanks. Tellingly, the descendants of beautiful parents may turn out to be plain and vice versa.

Species diversity

For two thousand years of breeding production, goldfish became the real queen of aquariums, since various breeds were bred in Japan, China and other countries of the world. Nowadays, there are several dozen breeds that differ in external characteristics. They are full of different shapes, colors, variations of fins. There are two species of breeds that are distinguished by body symmetry: long-bodied goldfish and short-length goldfish.

The goldfish ordinary - practically does not differ from its ancestor. The color of the scales is golden, the body is elongated, the fins are golden, translucent.

Butterfly fish - aquarium fish of unusual appearance. The color of the body is metallic, the tail fin is forked, resembles butterfly wings. The eyeballs are large, so the butterflies are kept in tanks without decorations.

Fantails are popular aquarium fishes that do not differ in color from ordinary goldfish. The tail fin has two blades that are raised up. When a fish opens its tail, it resembles a lady's fan.

Vualekhvosty - have egg-shaped symmetry of the body, the color of the scales is white with colored patches, meet other variations of color. All fins are long, tail forked, stubby structure, divided into several parts.

Pearl, or tinsbrin - a breed of unique appearance: the body is short, has the shape of a bubble. All scales have the similarity of bloated, individually taken "pearls".

Lionhead - different swollen and short symmetry of the body, on the head there are growths that resemble the lion's mane.

Oranda - has a short, swollen body. The color of the scales is golden, the fins are thin, void-like. On the head, between the eyes are visible massive growths.

Ranchu - different body egg shape, body size is short. All fins are short, small growths can be seen on the head.

Ryukin - this breed is bred in Japan. The body is short, spherical, on the back there is a curvature in the form of a massive hump. The color of the scales is golden.

Telescopes - aquarium fish with large, bulging eyes. Color scales dark, fins long. It is recommended to keep in an aquarium without decorations and sharp corners.

Shubunkin - in the form of the body does not differ from an ordinary goldfish, but the body has a motley color, the scales are transparent.

Golden aquarium fish - species

The golden carp was bred in China one and a half thousand years ago for breeding the most eminent and wealthy people in reservoirs. To us the goldfish hit in the middle of the 18th century. There is a huge number of varieties of gold aquarium fish. We give in our article the most popular and beautiful of them.

Types of Golden Aquarium Fish

Today, the stores are small and large gold aquarium fish, short and long-bodied. And there are altogether very unusual fish from this family. Here are some representatives most often found in aquariums:

  1. Comet. It has an elongated body with a ribbon forked tail. And the longer its tail, the higher the assessment of the fish, the more pedigree it is. In general, the length of the tail should exceed the length of the body. Comets are even more appreciated, their body colors and fins are different. Outwardly, such a goldfish resembles a voilehvosta. In content, it is unpretentious, quite active, but not particularly prolific.
  2. Vualekhvost (riukin). His body is short and egg-shaped. Head and eyes are big. The color can be different - from golden to bright red or black. The name received for the long tail and anal fins, thin and almost transparent. In fact, it is the tail that is the main decoration of this fish.
  3. Astrologer (heavenly eye). It has a round ovoid body. Its main feature is telescopic eyes directed upwards and forwards. Color can vary within orange-golden shades. The fish reaches 15 cm in length. It has no dorsal fin, and the other fins are short, the tail is bifurcated.
  4. Water eyes. These extremely unusual fish are the result of inexorably Chinese selection. They have eyes, bubbles hanging on both sides of the head. They seem to be filled with water. Remove them from the aquarium should be very careful because of the vulnerability of the eyes. Grow eye bags begin in the third month of life. In the most valuable specimens, they reach a quarter of the body.
  5. Telescope. Fish with an ovoid body and a forked tail. The main difference is the large and bulging eyes, which should ideally be symmetrical and equal in size. There are several breeds of telescopes, depending on the size, shape and direction of the axis of the eyes.
  6. Oranda. Very beautiful and unusual fish included in the family of goldfish. It differs in fatty hat-growth on the head. Her body is swollen and egg-shaped. May have a red, white, black and variegated color. More than others, the red-caped oranda with a white body and a bright red cap is appreciated.
  7. Pearl. Very beautiful goldfish with a spherical body in diameter of 8 cm. It has short fins, and body color is golden, orange-red, sometimes motley.Each scale on the body is round, convex, with a dark border, reminiscent of small pearls, for which the fish got its name.
  8. Ranchu (lionhead). It has a short body with a semicircular back, short fins. On her head there is a lush growth resembling a raspberry berry. Peak beauty ranch reaches 4 years.
  9. Shubunkin. Fish with transparent scales and slightly elongated fins. Coloring calico, especially valued fish with a predominance of blue-purple hues. The final color is formed by the year, and blue tones appear only at the 3rd year of life. Shubunkin is unpretentious to care, has a calm temperament.
  10. Velvet ball. It has growths in the form of fluffy lumps on both sides of the mouth. The second name of the fish - pompon. They can be blue, red, white. The size of the body - 10 cm. Galls with the wrong care may disappear.

Goldfish Care

Golden aquarium fish of all kinds have approximately the same requirements for care and maintenance. It:

  • enough space for free swimming;
  • good filtration and aeration of water;
  • water temperature at + 20 ° С;
  • soil in the form of large river sand;
  • adequate and proper nutrition.

Under all conditions, you can enjoy the neighborhood of goldfish for 10-15 years.

The most popular variety of goldfish

Goldfish is a subspecies of goldfish. In the wild, they inhabit Korea, China, Japan and the islands of Asia.

Goldfish species

Breeders managed to artificially bring out many species of goldfish, they are even difficult to enumerate. Until today in Asia there are species that are not Europe. These fabulous waterfowl are contained in open pools, where they grow in length up to 30 cm. In an aquarium, a goldfish can grow only up to 15 cm. At the bottom of the pond there must be smooth and large gravel or pebbles. These fish are very peaceful and easily get along with other species. Only such a variety of goldfish, as voilehvosta, should be kept separately, so that the neighbors do not damage their delicate and beautiful tails.

Today you can choose for your aquarium any kind of goldfish in accordance with your own taste. And they are available to everyone. In general, all the small fish of this large species can be divided into short-bodied and long-bodied. Consider the brightest and most common representatives.

A variety of goldfish with a special tail in the shape of butterfly wings, wide open for flight, is called a butterfly. But the stubby tail, which is raised upwards, divided into 2, 3, or 4 parts, has fantails. It can assume a position similar in appearance to a fan.

What kind of goldfish is most popular? Babies with a non-trivial appearance, called pearls, are in demand. It is a round fish with short fins, and its scales look like pearls. Such a representative of the family will be a great decoration for any aquarium.

The next type of goldfish is the lionhead. The head of representatives of this species is covered with growths similar to strawberries, and together with a rounded body, it resembles the head of a lion. Oranda is distinguished by large growths between the eyes, and Ryukina has a hunchbacked back.

Many species of aquarium goldfish mutated, changing the shape of the eyes. For example, the fish, which is called the "celestial eye", constantly looks up, and the fish "water eyes" has impressive eyes and invitational bubbles with liquid. The telescope, the voil telescope and the black telescope are characterized by very large eyes.

The varieties of goldfish, whose photos you see, differ in body shape. A comet is the owner of a long tail, often surpassing the body itself. Ranch is deprived of dorsal fin, but has growths on the head. Shubunkins are noticeable with their calico color and transparent scales.

And, finally, an ordinary goldfish has a medium-sized body, elongated fins. Her color can be red, red-gold and red-white.


Fish, differing in size or body length, have their own temperament, so it is more correct to settle them separately. Long-bodied representatives (shubunkin, comet) can grow quite large, so you should take an aquarium of at least 200 liters for them. However, they are unpretentious and very hardy.

Separately need to settle astrologers, telescopes and fish "water eyes." Floppy and slow telescopes risk not having time to distribute food and stay hungry.

Fish "water eyes" easily injured. But the most unpretentious can be called Ryukin and fantails. It is with the content of these species that one can begin for beginners, aquarists.

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.


Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish


Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name of aquarium fish-COMET


Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.

MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8


Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.

CORRIDORName of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish - thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. Size in the aquarium - up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS-The name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7

AlgaeName of aquarium fish

DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6

DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

AKULIY BALA-Name of aquarium fish

COCK - betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8

COCK-Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7

GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO-Name of aquarium fish


Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

MollensiaName of aquarium fish


Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish


Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish

NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5

SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish


Tetra fishes like when there are a lot of live plants in an aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

Tetra-Name of aquarium fish


Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish


The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows-Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5

FISH KNIFEName of aquarium fish

Coral reef & 3 HOURS Relax Music HD 1080p

A beautiful aquarium on 4 thousand liters of video HD



Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.

I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - silver carp.

Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.

Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water - PROHIBITED!

Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.

In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, you can get a negative result. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.

Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.

Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.

Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.

Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.

Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.

So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!

Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternsim, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetra, congo and other characteristic fish.

Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but !!! When Goldfish grow up, they may burst into small tetras, therefore it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, for example, ternets or Congo, to Zolotuha.

Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.

I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.

So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.

At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.

In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.

Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.

In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.

Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.

Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.

It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.

Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.

I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).

I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.

And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.

Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.

For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?

Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.

Aquarium fish compatibility video