The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.
NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.
Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.
GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish
Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.
Name of aquarium fish-COMET
Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.
Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS
HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.
MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8
Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.
CORRIDORName of aquarium fish
This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. The peculiarity of the fish is spikes that are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.
BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish
Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. Size in the aquarium - up to 4-5 centimeters.
BARBUS-The name of aquarium fish
SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7
AlgaeName of aquarium fish
DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6
DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish
GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5
GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish
Shark Barbus (bala)
The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.
AKULIY BALA-Name of aquarium fish
COCK - betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8
COCK-Name of aquarium fish
GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7
GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish
Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.
DANIO-Name of aquarium fish
Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.
TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish
There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.
MollensiaName of aquarium fish
Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.
PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish
Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.
MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish
NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5
NEON-Name of aquarium fish
CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5
SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish
Tetra fishes like when there are a lot of live plants in an aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.
TETRA-Name of aquarium fish
Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.
TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish
The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.
Rainbows-Name of aquarium fish
ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5
ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish
BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5
FISH KNIFEName of aquarium fish
Coral reef & 3 HOURS Relax Music HD 1080p
A beautiful aquarium on 4 thousand liters of video HD
The names of the smallest aquarium fish
Most aquarium enthusiasts can afford to install aquariums of only small sizes. Such models, with a capacity of up to 100 liters, perfectly fit to the interior of the apartment. Such small tanks are easy to maintain and require little cost, just like the small aquarium fish that inhabit them..
Fish farming is a fascinating and at the same time, a complex process, the main thing in which is the result, namely, the contemplation of the colorful living underwater world. The advantages of large aquariums in this sense are high, however, compact options can successfully perform this decorative function. It all depends on how well you pick up its inhabitants - the smallest fish.
Viviparous small fish
A great option - breeding the most persistent fish - guppies. They are not the smallest, however, demonstrate a high survivability and are the most enduring of the schooling inhabitants of the home “reservoir”. Your aquarium will be filled with bright colors, thanks to the main beauty of these schooling fish - tail fin, especially if you get interesting specimens. A flock of 15-20 fish will color your aquarium with bright lights.
A gaggle of adult Endler guppies.
A great solution for settling a small aquarium will be the swordtails, which got their name, due to the fact that on the tail fin males-like process appears on the tail fin. Feeding the Swordsmen will not cause difficulties, because the food suits them varied: dry, live, and frozen. You should not breed them in aquariums with a capacity of more than 50 liters, because in these conditions swordtails can grow up to 10 - 12 cm. The most ideal recipe for breeding them: run a company of 15-20 waterfowl into 50 liters of water with a temperature of 20 - 25 and, voila . Your eyes are already pleased with the magnificent red, black, green, and even spotty and tiger representatives of this genus.
A flock of 10 miniature mollies of elegant black color will look very interesting. However, such refined beauty requires better quality care. The pledge that they will give you joy from their contemplation is a bright light and periodic salting of water, maintaining the temperature not lower than 20 ° С.
Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs. These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.
See how live barbs look like.
The presence of the smallest aquarium fish - danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters. Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them. Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.
Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body. Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.
Look at the neon aquarium.
Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters. Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of "communal apartment" and will not in the best way affect their behavior. Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and the right food - these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.
And here's another great selection of nano fish - look:
Popular aquarium fish
POPULAR AQUARIUM FISHES
Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world. They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Detachment, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium - he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food. The activity of these catfishes is manifested with the onset of twilight or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind - the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Detachment, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Special attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch. Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums. Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Detachment, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 26 ° C.
Ph: 6,5 - 8,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland - the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is still standing. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish - artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5-7.5, water hardness: 5-15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Detachment, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care - for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters. However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone. After all, even with mother's milk, we all heard the fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish - silver carp.
Detachment, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish. They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty - anus.
Detachment, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable - Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium - by keeping them with "Goldfish" you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition. Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price. May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Detachment, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 - 25 ° C.
Ph: 7,0 - 7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name. In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Detachment, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
Stiffness dH: 5-20° .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors. Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Detachment, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive cichlids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium. Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature - deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Detachment, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 - 24 p.
"Acidity" Ph: 5,7 - 7,0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin "thorax" - the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Detachment, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph "acidity": 5,8-7,5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish - these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Black-striped tsikhlasoma - one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words "nigro" - black and "fascia" - ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30°.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
Big Fish for Home Aquariums
Large aquarium fish need a spacious settlement in tanks of at least 300-500 liters. There are such big fish that get along with other large fish, and there are those who are better settled separately. They need constant and high-quality care, and they also require much more food than medium-sized fish. What are large-sized aquarium fish suitable for home water?
Arovana Mastamembelus red band. Red-tailed som
Arovana (Latin Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) is a large fish of the Arovanov family. Natural habitat - tropical waters of South America. Nowadays it is popular in amateur aquariums around the world. Inhabits reservoirs with a water temperature not lower than 22 ° C. This is a pelagic species of fish. May live in rivers and lakes, where the concentration of dissolved oxygen is low. The body length of arovan is 90-120 cm. The body weight is 4.5-6 kg. The body is long, flattened on the sides. The scales are large, light, have a silvery shimmer. Dorsal and anal fins narrow and long, almost coincide with the caudal fin. It can jump out of the water at a distance of three meters. This is an omnivorous fish. In the aquarium it feeds on beetles, spiders, crabs, snails, frogs, and plants.
Mastamembelus krasnopolosy (lat. Mastacembelus erythrotaenia) is a large aquarium fish that can be settled only in large tanks with a capacity of at least 300 liters. At the age of the fry, mastacembel is a harmless creature of 5-6 cm in size. But after a few months it will become a 20-centimeter "snake" that can grow up to 50-60 cm in length. Mastazembelus is characterized by interesting behavior - he loves to explore the aquarium and the behavior of his neighbors.
Compatible with large fish that are also mobile. Inside the species there is aggression, so it is often kept alone in aquariums. Over time, can take food from the hands of man. Permissible parameters of the aquatic environment for the content: temperature 25-28 degrees Celsius, acidity 7.0 pH, hardness 5-15o. Requires powerful aeration, filtration and water replacement every 7 days (25% of the total). Females are larger than males; they become sexually mature at the age of 2 years.
Look at how mastazembelus red-striped looks.
Red-tailed Catfish (lat. Phractocephalus hemiliopterus), or Orinok catfish - a large predator, which is best kept in an aquarium with a volume of 500 liters or more. The red-tailed catfish grows quickly, and within a year its length will increase by 50 cm. Then it will grow another 40 cm. The catfish of this species is an avid hunter, who at a young age can destroy aquarium neighbors that fit in his mouth. Such voracious fish are often kept separately from other fish, or with incredibly large fish (Arvanov, astronotus, pseudoplasticists).
Feed the red-tailed catfish is better animal food. After buying a young catfish 6-8 cm in size, he is given food in the bloodworm, squids, shrimps, cod fillets. Later, you can give small fish, raw capelin sliced. Catfish can get used to a person, take food from their hands, allow themselves to be stroked.
Pseudoplastic striped. Shark catfish. Freshwater moray
Striped pseudoplatistoma (lat. Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum) is a large freshwater fish, which is also called “pad-footed catfish”. There are two pairs of antennae on the lower jaw, on the upper jaw - one pair. For the maintenance of fish you need a spacious aquarium with a volume of 500 liters. Psevdoplatistopa striped - predatory fish. The body color is grayish-steel, along it there are black stripes with branches and original patterns. Active at twilight time of the day. Who does such a large pet get on with? It is advisable to settle it alone in a spacious tank. But the aquarium will be needed even more spaciously, and a good neighborhood will turn out only with fish at least one meter in length (striped pseudoplatoma is 150 cm long). The neighbors must have a high body and an active, mobile disposition. These catfish also do not like aggressive fish. They have no scales, soft skin that is easily damaged.
Pangasius Siamese, or shark catfish (lat. Pangasius sutchi) - a large freshwater catfish with a moving nature. The body is a torpedo-shaped, slightly flattened head, the eyes are black and mobile. Superficially resembles a shark. Adult individuals are characterized by a dark color, silver belly. Young catfish along the body have several gray stripes, the color of the whole body is bright silver.
Pangasius are voracious pets who can eat all that is edible. You can give as food insects, worms, fish meat, shrimp, feed with vegetable components, cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal in the form of porridge). But it is important not to overfeed the catfish, and do a fasting day once a week. The length of this fish in nature is 150 cm. Under conditions of an aquarium, it can grow to a length of 20-30 cm. It is unacceptable to settle them in aquariums less than 150 liters, because they need a large space for swimming.
Look at the feeding of large aquarium fish.
Fresh-water moray is a fish with an interesting appearance that can be found not only in saltwater aquariums. It has no paired fins, gills pushed back. Instead of scales - skin, and the face looks very intimidating. Despite its appearance, moray eels are sensitive to environmental conditions and live in the aquarium for only 2 years. In the absence of shelters in the aquarium, a lot of mucus appears on the skin. Body color - gray, dirty brick, rarely albinos.
Muren can be kept in fresh water, but if their health deteriorates, it is better to salt the water with sea salt with a concentration of 5 ppm and higher. Allowed water temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius. In the aquarium should be aeration, high-quality filtration, and enough shelters in the form of caves. The tank should be covered with a lid, and the holes in the devices should be covered with a grid. Body length - 70 cm. Moray eels live with large and non-aggressive fish who love salted water. Can be kept in a species aquarium.You can feed adults with frogs, fish, shrimp 1 time in 7 days, young animals - three times a week.
PLATIDORAS CONTENTS DESCRIPTION BREEDING PHOTO COMPATIBILITY
Habitat Striped catfish Platydoras (Platydoras armatulus) was first described by Valenciennes in 1840. The genus name "Platydoras" comes from two Greek words: platys = smooth, doras = skin. This species is widely distributed in South America. Individuals are found in the Amazon Basin in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, as well as in some other Brazilian river basins, in the Rio Orinoco River Basin in Colombia and Venezuela, Rio Essequibo in Guyana, and in the coastal drains of Suriname and French Guiana. The species is not listed in the International Red Book.
For many years, Plateidoras was erroneously called Platydoras costatus, until in 2008 a group of researchers led by Piorsky did not classify. The species Platydoras costatus are individuals with a limited habitat, including a pair of rivers in eastern South America. In turn, the striped catfish Platidoras is distributed throughout South America, inhabits the Amazon and Orinoco river basins, and has been caught for sale for decades. This fish belongs to the catfish "Raphael".
There are also two very similar species with a striped color, but living in different places. This is Platydoras costatus and long-nosed plateidoras (Orinocodoras eigenmanni), which has a more elongated face. Another very common type of Raphael is the spotted catfish Agamyxis pectinifrons, which, judging by the name, has a spotted color. Platydoras armatulus lives in reservoirs with stagnant water or a weak current.
In streams and wetlands, individuals lurk among tree roots or aquatic vegetation. Somiki feed on shellfish, crustaceans and detritus. They are usually found in areas with soft sand, which are buried in case of danger. The rainy season causes them to migrate to flooded forests, where there is a lot of food.
Although these fish are territorial, in nature they gather in flocks for greater security. There is evidence that juveniles eat parasites and dead scales on the body of predatory fish, for example, Wolf and Tiger Fish Hoplias cf. Malabaricus. Platidoras fry are bright, striped and very similar to other species of fish-cleaners. Most likely, the striped color is a kind of signal for other fish that not the food approaches them, but the cleaner. The stripes fade with age, and perhaps that is why the desire to clean predators disappears.
CONTENT AND CARE
Counting the necessary space for the life of armored, you need to remember that they grow quite large. So the baby is half the size of a half finger in such a long time.
If, nevertheless, it is decided that the striped catfish settles in the aquarium, then it is necessary to provide a tank with a volume of 100-150 liters to its possession.
It is important to take into account that almost all catfish lead the bottom life, therefore, too high vessels with a small bottom area are not suitable for keeping these species of fish.
It is best to use a cover-equipped rectangular aquarium with a wall height of 35-60 cm and a similar width.In addition to a large bottom area, such containers have another advantage - most aquarium plants feel good in them.
We can not say that the striped catfish aquarium fad, but there are quite strict requirements for water indicators.
- the content of oxides of calcium and magnesium (hardness) - 6-15 ° dH;
- pH (acidity) - 5-7 pH;
- water temperature - 22-30 ° C.
The most comfortable habitat for catfish is a mild neutral environment without salts, warmed to 26-30 ° C. This is not surprising, because in their homeland in South America the rivers are filled by rains and melting mountain snow.
However, a huge part of tropical fish sold in Russia was bred and raised by domestic aquarists.These individuals are better adapted to local realities, feel well in fairly tough and acidic water and are not afraid of short-term hypothermia.
But the presence of aeration, filtration and the creation of a small bottom stream will significantly improve the health of the fish. Do not forget to replace 25-30% of the water in the tank once a week.
The composition of the soil and the design of the bottom
In his native element, Platidoras (striped catfish) is used to living on a soft bottom, hiding in the undergrowth, in clutches of muds, or among stones. In the aquarium it is necessary to try to create similar conditions, so the ground should be with a small structure. For this, a layer of small round gravel or sand will suit 5-10 cm.
The presence of abundant vegetation, snags and hidden places is also important. Som prefers to be at the very bottom, but often loves to swim around the aquarium, therefore, it is desirable to have floating dense plants, such as a hornet and an elodea.
Armor are twilight-nocturnal. Too bright lighting makes them unnerving, frightening and forcing them to seek shelter, in the role of which you can use ceramic tubes, pots, artificial caves and grottoes, large stones.
Feed and Diet
The striped catfish is an aquarium glutton that eats both animal feed and plant food.Due to the tendency to overeating, it is necessary to constantly control the size of his tummy, and having noticed that he has greatly increased, do not feed the fish for a couple of days.
Feeding is done once a day, before turning off the light.
Platidoras eats the following sinking feeds with great pleasure:
- live and frozen bloodworm, tube maker, enkhitreus, grindal, cortex, earthworms;
- small pieces of meat and fish, caviar of other fish, various crustaceans;
- special tableted, granulated feed, flakes;
- pieces of zucchini and cucumbers, spinach, lettuce and seaweed.
It is important that the protein component of the diet was 3-4 times larger than the volume of vegetable components. In search of food, the striped catfish goes out after dusk and remains active all night. Fish feed picks up from the bottom or searches for it, loosening the soil, which helps to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium and improves substrate aeration.
Compatible Catfish Platydoras
Raphael striped catfish peace-loving bottom dwellers. They are great for multi-species aquariums and are very friendly to their neighbors of medium and large sizes. However, small fish will be perceived as food. Due to the strong armor on the body, representatives of the species Platydoras armatulus are also settled with large aggressive fish.
As neighbors, South American and Central American cichlids, large tetras and other haracin, cyprinid, gourami and other anabontis, gambusian and other soma, which do not have a heightened sense of territoriality, are perfect. Soms can be kept alone or in a group.
With group maintenance, individuals will manifest territorial behavior, therefore clashes between members of the group are inevitable, but they will not cause any damage to each other. In consequence, they will even begin to share their shelters with each other. In the wild, Platydoras armatulus specimens congregate for protection. Males and females If you look at the fish from above, it is noticeable that mature females are thicker than males.
Reproduction of singing catfish In captivity, a striped catfish is bred very rarely. It is a spawning fish, but it is bred for sale by hormonal injections. There are only isolated cases of successful spawning in the aquarium, when the breeders found already swimming fry.
Also, a pair of successful breeding cases recorded in very large aquariums, but it turned out to be very difficult and very little information about the process. Whitebait catfish platydoros (© Joel Rahkonen) In the wild, Platidoras lay eggs for fertilization in rivers and streams. It is also known that smaller representatives of Bronyakovs are also called nest builders.
In the aquarium, they can collect various debris, or find places with leafy litter or pieces of wood and try to hide under them. Then another fish of the same species swallows the "nest", but even this will not be a fact of successful fertilization and subsequent reproduction.
Long fish like a worm
LONG FISHING AS A WORM
I present to your attention a very interesting inhabitant of an aquarium that looks like a long worm - AKANTOFTALMUS (Acanthophthalmus)!
These serpentine fish are often found in our aquariums and deserve attention, because in addition to the decorative properties and interesting worm-like body structure they perform useful functions in the aquarium.
These fish worms come from Indochina and the islands of Southeast Asia. In the spaces of the former USSR, they appeared in the 70s. Fish have a long striped body whose size can reach 12 centimeters. Thus, acquiring a couple of akantoftalmusov in a year you will get quite good such palm-sized worms)))
Acantoftalmusy - this bottom fish that burrow into the ground or hiding in shelters. They do not like bright light and lead a gloomy way of life. Because of the secretive lifestyle of these worms, you can not see for weeks. And you need to be very careful when you take out the decor from the aquarium (for example, for cleaning), because these whales are carefully hiding in them, they can fall out and stay somewhere on the carpet.
These small worms do not need special feeding, since they are the orderlies of the aquarium world - they clean the soil and eat the rest of the fish food. In this connection, they are not only unpretentious fish, but provide an indispensable service to the hostess, helping in cleaning the aquarium.
The content of wormfish is also not whimsical, here are the parameters for their comfortable existence:
Detachment, family: carp-shaped, loachworm.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-30 ° C.
Ph: pH 6.5-7.2.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Compatibility: with all kinds of fish.
Aquarium for aquantophthalmos: any, preferably wide.
All akantoftalmus can be divided into types:
Acantoftalmum is mottled
Here are the sex differences of wormfish,
On photo male and female aktoftalmusa
It seems to me that the worms acantophthalmos deserve attention, as a novice aquarist, so sophisticated pros. They will bring a variety of shapes to your aquarium world.