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Pump filter for aquarium

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Aquarium pump

A pump or pump is one of the most necessary accessories for an aquarium. With its help, the dwelling for underwater inhabitants is filled with water. The pump also serves to create the necessary pressure during the operation of the external filter in the aquarium. And if you wear a special foam sponge on the pump, then this pump can be used for mechanical cleaning of the aquarium. Therefore, the pump is a device that combines both a compressor and a filter. The main thing in the care of such a pump is to rinse filter sponges regularly and on time. And so that the pump does not clog quickly, turn it off at the time of feeding the fish. And about an hour after the end of their meal, the pump can be turned on again.

Another important point when using the pump is to keep the pump as quiet as possible. Many fish lovers say very noisy work of aquarium compressors, and the pump can be silent. This is its main advantage over the compressor. Today, pumps of various brands from various manufacturers are on sale. For example, the EheimCompakt 600 noiseless pump is used to increase and enhance the circulation of water in an aquarium. Due to the small size of this universal pump, it can be easily masked with aquarium vegetation. This pump is easy to maintain.

In addition to filling the aquarium with water, the pump also has several other functions:

  • creates a flow of water, using the flow of the pump, which is necessary for the existence of some underwater living organisms; for example, corals need a strong flow of water, which brings them food (plankton) and takes away their metabolic products;
  • promotes the circulation of water in the aquarium, in this case, pumps are used for the flow, as well as special circulation pumps. During this mixing, the water is saturated with oxygen and cleaned, returning clean and transparent again to the aquarium;
  • The air pump in the aquarium is designed to create a continuous stream of air necessary for the operation of the aerator, the bottom filter or for other devices. It should be installed above the water level in order to avoid water from the aquarium.

Installing the pump in the aquarium

Depending on the location of the pump in the aquarium, its functions may be different. The pumps differ from each other according to the installation method and are of three types:

  • internal;
  • external;
  • universal.

The internal pump is installed in the aquarium, and it can only be used while being submerged, and the external pumps are attached outside the water tank. But most often, pumps make universal, they can be installed both inside and outside the tank with water. For fixing the pump both inside and outside, various devices are used, for example, suction cups, special clamps and so on.

How to choose a pump for the aquarium?

To choose the right pump, you must first know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it is used to supply water to an aquarium and to create a flow in a small tank, then a low-power pump will be sufficient. But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters you need a more powerful pump. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and marine aquariums. And there are some pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are not inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of foreign ones.

Buying a pump for the aquarium should not be saved, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.

Aquarium pump and everything you need to know about it.

Aquarium pump - one of the important devices. It works to mix water in an aquarium, create a flow, to supply air, less often to fill the aquarium with water. And if you use a special foam rubber sponge with the pump, then this pump can be used as an internal filter for the mechanical cleaning of the aquarium. You need to know the size of the aquarium and understand what the pump will be used for. For small sizes they take low-powered pumps, for huge sizes they use pumps of greater productivity. However, the tank must always fit the size of the aquarium. If the pump for the aquarium is used to fill the aquarium with water, then it is important to take into account such a parameter as the height of the water rise. Each specific pump model has its own: from a few centimeters, a few meters. According to this aspect, pumps are traditionally chosen, if you use it to fill the aquarium with water, and also to create streams and waterfalls.

pump for aquarium photo

Efficiency is traditionally measured in l / h, and properly selected equipment is required to pump 3-5 sizes of aquarium water per hour. Pumps are available for outdoor and indoor use. Which pump to buy decides any user for himself. Almost everyone thinks that only an external pump for an aquarium does not darken the view of the internal arrangement of the aquarium, and choose to install them specifically, for example, these, like the pumps of the brand Hailea and Aquarium systems. There are pumps that are designed for use in freshwater and marine aquaria, thanks to the supplied rotor clay axis. The aquarium pump with a metal axis is suitable for use only in freshwater aquariums. Therefore, when purchasing a pump, it is necessary to clarify its appearance, for which aquarium it is needed, and also for the manufacturer of the pump.

Installing the pump in the aquarium

Depending on the location of the pump in the aquarium, its functions may be different. The pumps differ from each other according to the installation method and are of three types:

  • internal;
  • external;
  • universal.

The internal pump is installed in the aquarium, and it can only be used while being submerged, and the external pumps are attached outside the water tank. But most often, pumps make universal, they can be installed both inside and outside the tank with water. For fixing the pump both inside and outside, various devices are used, for example, suction cups, special clamps and so on.

How to choose a pump for the aquarium?

To choose the right pump, you must first know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it is used to supply water to an aquarium and to create a flow in a small tank, then a low-power pump will be sufficient. But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters you need a more powerful pump. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and marine aquariums.

And there are some pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are not inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of foreign ones.

Buying a pump for the aquarium should not be saved, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.

In today's market, buyers often come across devices from manufacturers such as Eheim, Aquael, Aquarium, etc. At Eheim, a water pump for an aquarium successfully copes with increased circulation of water, while the slider allows you to control the intensity of the generated water flow.

The main line produced by the company - This is Eheim Universal, Eheim Compact and Eheim Compact +. Most Eheim models are attached using suction cups and are considered versatile, as they can be attached both in the aquarium and on its outer wall. Their capacity is from 270 to 2280 l / h. It will be possible to buy a submersible pump for an aquarium both for 1000 rubles (which capacity is 120-380 l / hour) and for 14,000 rubles with a capacity (2400 l / hour). The features of Eheim pumps can be considered: Small size; Suction mount; The possibility of complete immersion in water; Adjustment of pump power; Possibility of use in both salty and fresh water;

Protection of the inhabitants of the aquarium with a tread (intake grille); Stylish appearance; Built-in multifunctional filters. It is with such powerful systems that talented designers create a huge underwater realm, where air bubbles "draw" fancy figures. For small aquariums, where there is no need for expensive and powerful pumps, you can use cheaper pumps.

Everywhere common device under the brand name Hailea. Each pump for the aquarium of this brand is equipped with a water flow regulator, an innovative sump valve and a rubber suction cup. Compared with expensive models from Eheim, they are less attractive in appearance, but at the same time, pumps of this brand successfully cope with their work, and therefore are actively bought up by people.

You can buy a water pump for an aquarium from this manufacturer already for 400-500 rubles, with a capacity of 180 l / hour. If you need the most powerful device - for 6000 rubles you can buy a device with a capacity of 7800 l / h. Also known model brand Aquael. This is another representative of the budget class - prices for devices start at around 300 rubles. For this amount you can buy a model Aquael Circulator 350, capable of pumping up to 350 liters per hour, with a power of only 4.5 watts. This is the weakest model - there are devices in the assortment of the manufacturer, labeled as Aquael Circulator 500, 650, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2600. The number on the label, of course, indicates performance.

The price of the most powerful device is within 4500 rubles. Another well-known representative is Resun. Models of this brand also belong to the budget - it is often chosen by amateurs who have small aquariums at home. The manufacturer has a huge range of devices - in the presence of more than two dozen items. The weakest and cheapest is the Resun SP 500. It can pump up to 200 liters per hour, with a power of 5 watts.

Such a device costs only 300 rubles - one of the minimum indicators in its segment. Already for 600 rubles, this brand offers to buy a device with a capacity of 1380 liters. The most powerful option - 12000 l / h: Resun Eco-Power EP-12000. There is such a device in the region of 6000 rubles. Among the obvious shortcomings of this brand of equipment should be the absence of a regulator - which is not very convenient.

Application and care

The main care of the pump consists of timely washing and changing the filter element. There is a trick that can facilitate the care of the device, while feeding the fish, turn off the filter. So the food will not fall directly on the sponge, which means that they will stay clean longer. The pump for aquariums can start working again an hour after the fish have eaten. Aquarium pump has a great advantage in front of the compressor. Many aquarists are forced to abandon the compressor due to the noisy operation of the pump. Most manufacturers are aimed at reducing the emitted sounds.

On the shelves of zoo and aqua stores you can find products of domestic and import manufacturers. They all differ in characteristics and cost. In order to choose the right pump you need to know:

  • The volume of the aquarium in which the water pump will be installed;
  • Purpose of use;
  • For devices capable of filling the aquarium, take into account the level of water rise;
  • Required performance (aquarium volume multiplied by 3-5 times / hour);
  • Aesthetics.

Experienced aquarists allocate devices of foreign companies, assuring the duration of work and compliance with the necessary requirements. However, high-quality aquarium pump is not cheap.

Popular manufacturers of water pumps:

  • Tunze;
  • Eheim;
  • Hailea;
  • Aquarium system;

Do not sacrifice aesthetics for the functional part. Even the smallest water pumps can do the following:

  • Create currents that in some cases are necessary for the physiological needs of the inhabitants. Its use is mandatory in aquariums with corals that live only in strong currents. Thanks to him, the polyp receives nutrients.
  • Circulate water (aquarium pump with a current or a circular pump). This action purifies water, saturates it with oxygen and mixes with aquarium water, keeping the microclimate created by the inhabitants.
  • Assist in the work of filters, aerators and other devices and units. To do this, you need to install water in a way that water from the aquarium does not fall on the body.

CO2 FOR THE AQUARIUM WITH OWN HANDS PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION.

REAR BACKGROUND FOR AQUARIUM PHOTO VIDEO DETAILED DESCRIPTION.

COVER FOR THE AQUARIUM OWN HANDS PHOTO VIDEO.

TABLES OF AQUARIUM FISH - AQUARIUM INDICATORS, INDICATORS FOR SHRIMPS.

Internal aquarium filters: in search of the best

Going to buy a filter for cleaning aquarium water, you need to imagine which device is more suitable in each specific case: external or internal, with high capacity or low, expensive or cheap. A large number of aquarists stop in their choice on internal cleaners. There are a lot of models of such filters, and often the question arises, which of them should be chosen.

Internal water filters are very popular in the aquarists society. They have:

  • small dimensions;
  • installed directly in the tank;
  • quite easy to operate and maintain.

There are a lot of similar devices on the pet supplies market, and there is clearly not enough time for a careful reading of the instructions for each sample. In order to immediately make the right choice, you need to have an idea of ​​what filters manufacturers offer, what are their differences, advantages and disadvantages.

Device and principle of operation

Internal water purifiers have a fairly simple device. Each of them is a cylindrical housing with slots for drawing in water, to which a small pump is attached.

Inside the case is one or more filter materials. In the simplest form, this material is foam rubber (flexible polyurethane foam).

Water, passing under pressure through the foam cells, gets rid of mechanical impurities and goes back to the aquarium. Colonies of saprophytes (microorganisms that accumulate in the cells of foam rubber) produce biological purification of aqua, turning decomposed organic residues into inorganic substances.

In appearance, the device looks like a glass. That is what the owners of ornamental fish often call it.

Types of aquarium internal filters

Devices can be divided by filtering capabilities. The simplest glasses carry out only mechanical cleaning of water and partially biological. Accordingly, they are the cheapest.

In some models, the number of sections for the installation of filter material is increased, which also allows for chemical treatment of water using activated carbon or zeolite.

Internal filters also differ in their performance, that is, in the volume of water that is pumped through the system per unit of time. Immediately it should be noted that the 300-liter capacity is the principal limit for the technical devices under consideration.

As a rule, the pump on the internal cleaner is mounted on top of the glass, but there are models where it is located below.

There are modern devices that have additional options, for example:

  • built-in water heater to maintain the temperature in the aquarium;
  • an injector for supplying air with water;
  • regulator and pump power indicator;
  • flow direction switch and others.

Of course, accessories and options affect the price of the device.


Which filter is better?

Perhaps no one aquarist can give a clear answer to this question. There are quite a few models on the market that have been successfully operated for a long period.

Sera

If we consider the problem from the point of view of the price for the device, then among the domestic cleaners of economy class it is possible to distinguish products of the German company Sera.

Cheap devices of this brand L30, L60, L120, L150 and even L300 are easy to use and reliable. The numbers indicate the volume of the aquarium for which they are intended.

Fluval

Italian devices of the Fluval brand are long-lived in the market of aquarium accessories. The best-selling device in the Italian model range is the Fluval4 Plus. He has a strong pump, power flow indicator and a modern, memorable design.

However, this model has relatively large dimensions, and its filter elements quickly become clogged. According to the declared design features, the filter cartridge can be changed without stopping the operation of the device and without removing it from the water.

But in fact, in the course of this operation, some of the garbage goes back into the water. It is better to turn off the device for a while and quietly change the cartridge.

AquaEl FAN

Domestic AquaEl FAN Polish aquarium cleaners have become very popular. And completely justified. Having low power consumption with a relatively powerful pump, Polish devices are reliable, simple, effective.

They compare favorably with their Chinese and some European counterparts with an original filtering material (a phenol-free sponge) on which bacteria actively settle, providing high-quality processing of organic residues and nitrogen compounds.

According to aquarists, AquaEl FAN has only one drawback - an increased level of noise during work with aeration.

Eheim

The internal filtering devices of the Eheim brand can be called the elite of this type of devices. Designers of the German company Eheim GmbH & Co meticulously and with fiction approached the problem of creating a unified filter.

For example, the model Eheim 2212 AquaBall has the original device of the outlet. Like a joystick, it can be rotated to either side with a ball design. This is very convenient, since the flow of water and air bubbles can even be directed downwards.

The devices are virtually silent, the filter sections in the glass can be swapped, regular bio-fillers do an excellent job with their biological cleaning function.

The considered devices, which are the most expensive in their class, have only one drawback - the axis of the pump impeller is ceramic (in all other models it is metal). Therefore, special care must be taken when disassembling and maintaining such a filter.

A variety of filters for aqua, working inside the aquarium, great. Which one is better? Perhaps one that satisfies the requirements of reliability, functionality, efficiency and is suitable for an aquarium of a particular tank.

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