Gold fish

The story of the golden fish


What is the Tale of the Golden Fish? :: Golden Fish Tale :: Education :: Other

What "The Tale of the Golden Fish"

The tale of the goldfish or, more precisely, the Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish, is written by the great Russian poet and storyteller Alexander Pushkin. It was written in 1833.

Fairy tale plot

The old fisherman lived with his wife at the seashore. Once in the network of an old man comes across a fish is not easy, but gold. She speaks to the fisherman in a human voice and asks to let her go. The old man does this and does not ask for any reward for himself.
Returning to his old hut, he talks about his wife. She scolds her husband and forces him to return to the shore as a result, in order to demand a reward from a wonderful fish - at least a new trough in exchange for the old one, broken. By the sea, an old man is calling for a fish, she appears and advises the fisherman not to be sad, but to go home quietly. At home, the old man sees in the old woman a new trough. However, she is still dissatisfied with the fact that there is and demands that the magic of the fish be found more useful.
In the future, the old woman begins to demand more and more and sends the old man to the fish again and again, so that he asks for a new hut as a reward, then the nobility, and then the royal title. The old man every time goes to the blue sea and calls out the fish.
As the old women grow inquiries, the sea becomes darker, more turbulent, and restless.
Fish for the time being fulfills all requests. Having become a queen, the old woman sends the husband's “trick” away from herself, ordering her to be kicked out of her palace, but soon she again demands to bring him to her. She is going to continue to use it as a lever of influence on a goldfish. She no longer wants to be a queen, but wants to be a sea ruler, so that the goldfish herself should serve her and be on her packages. The goldfish did not respond to this request, but silently swam away into the blue sea. Having returned home, the old man found his wife in his old dugout, and in front of her was a broken trough.
By the way, it was thanks to this tale that the popular catch phrase, “to remain at the bottom of the trough”, that is, to end up with nothing, entered the Russian spoken culture.

The origins of the tale

Like most of Pushkin’s fairy tales, “The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish is based on a folklore storyline and contains a certain allegorical meaning. So, it has the same storyline with the Pomeranian tale“ On the Fisherman and His Wife ”as presented by the Brothers Grimm. In addition, some of the motives echo the story of the Russian folk tale "Greedy old woman." However, in this story the magic tree was the source of magic instead of a goldfish.
It is interesting that in the fairy tale presented by the Brothers Grimm, the old woman eventually wished to become a Pope. This can be seen as a hint of papa John, the only woman’s father in history who managed to take this post by deception. In one of the first known editions of the Pushkin's fairy tale, the old woman also asked for her papal tiara and received it before demanding the post of sea ruler. However, this episode was later deleted by the author.

"The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish" by A. S. Pushkin. Tale of a goldfish in a new way

Who among us since childhood is not familiar with the "Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish"? Someone read it in childhood, someone first met her when he saw a cartoon on TV. The plot of the work is undoubtedly familiar to everyone. But not many people know how and when this fairy tale was written. It is about the creation, origins and characters of this work, we will talk in our article. And also we will consider modern alterations of a fairy tale.

Who wrote the story about the goldfish and when?

The fairy tale was written by the great Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin in the village of Boldino on October 14, 1833. This period in the work of the writer is called the second Boldino autumn. The work was first published in 1835 in the pages of the Library for Reading magazine. At the same time, Pushkin created another famous work - "The Tale of the Dead Princess and Seven Heroes".

History of creation

Back in early action, A. S. Pushkin became interested in folk art. The tales he had heard in the cradle of his beloved nanny were preserved in his memory for a lifetime. In addition, later, already in the 20s of the 19th century, the poet was studying folk folklore in the village of Mikhailovsky. It was then that he began to appear ideas of future fairy tales.

However, Pushkin turned directly to the folk stories only in the 30s. He began to try himself in the creation of fairy tales. One of them was a fairy tale about a goldfish. In this work, the poet tried to show the nationality of Russian literature.

For whom did A.S. Pushkin write fairy tales?

Pushkin wrote fairy tales in the highest flowering of his work. And initially they were not intended for children, although they immediately entered the circle of their reading. The tale of a goldfish is not just fun for children with morality at the end. This is primarily a sample of creativity, traditions and beliefs of the Russian people.

Nevertheless, the plot of the tale itself is not an exact retelling of folk works. In fact, not much of Russian folklore is reflected in it. Many researchers claim that most of the poet’s tales, including the tale about a goldfish (the text of the work confirms this), were borrowed from German tales collected by the Grimm brothers.

Pushkin chose the plot he liked, reworked it at his discretion, and clothed him in a poetic form, without worrying about how authentic the stories would be. However, the poet managed to convey, if not the plot, then the spirit and character of the Russian people.

Images of the main characters

The tale of a goldfish is not rich in characters - there are only three of them, however, this is enough for a fascinating and instructive plot.

The images of the old man and the old woman are diametrically opposed, and their views on life are completely different. They are both poor, but reflecting different sides of poverty. So, the old man is always disinterested and ready to help in trouble, because he has repeatedly been in the same position and knows what grief is. He is kind and calm, even when he was lucky, he does not use the offer of the fish, but simply releases it.

The old woman, despite the same social situation, is arrogant, cruel and greedy. She pushed around the old man, tormented him, constantly scolding and always displeased with all. For this, she will be punished at the end of the tale, left with a broken trough.

However, the old man does not receive any reward, because he is unable to resist the will of the old woman. For his humility he did not deserve a better life. Here Pushkin describes one of the main features of the Russian people - long-suffering. That it does not allow you to live better and calmer.

The image of the fish is incredibly poetic and imbued with popular wisdom. It acts as a higher power, which for the time being is ready to fulfill desires. However, her patience is not unlimited.


The tale of an old man and a goldfish begins with a description of the blue sea, on the coast of which an old man and an old woman have been living in a dugout for 33 years. They live very poorly and the only thing that feeds them is the sea.

One day an old man goes fishing. He throws a net twice, but both times he brings only sea mud. For the third time, the old man is lucky - a goldfish falls into his nets. She speaks in a human voice and asks to let her go, promising to fulfill her wish. The old man did not ask anything from the fish, but simply let it go.

Returning home, he told everything to his wife. The old woman began to scold him and told him to go back, to ask the fish for a new trough. The old man went, bowed to the fish, and the old woman received what she asked for.

But that was not enough for her. She demanded a new home. Fish fulfilled this desire. Then the old woman wanted to become a pillar noblewoman. Again the old man went to the fish, and again she fulfilled the desire. The fisherman himself was sent by an evil wife to work at the stable.

But this was not enough. The old woman told her husband to go back to the sea and ask her to make her a queen. This desire has been fulfilled. But this did not satisfy the old woman’s greed. She again called the old man to her place and told her to ask the fish to make her the tsarina of the sea, while she served on her packages.

I gave the fisherman the words of his wife. But the fish didn’t answer, just splashed its tail and swam away to the depths of the sea. For a long time he stood by the sea, waiting for an answer. But the fish no longer appeared, and the old man returned home. And there an old woman waited for him with a trough, sitting by the old dugout.

Plot source

As noted above, the fairy tale about a fisherman and a goldfish has its roots not only in Russian, but also in foreign folklore. So, the plot of this work is often compared with the fairy tale "The Greedy Old Woman", which was part of the collection of the Brothers Grimm. However, this resemblance is very remote. German authors focused all their attention on the moral conclusion - greed is not good enough, you should be able to be content with what you have.

The actions in the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm also unfold on the seashore, however, instead of a goldfish, the flounder acts as the executor of desires, which later becomes the enchanted prince. Pushkin replaced this image with a goldfish, symbolizing wealth and luck in Russian culture.

Tale of a goldfish in a new way

Today you can find a lot of alterations of this tale in a new way. Characteristic of them is the change of time. That is, from old times the main characters are transferred to the modern world, where there is also a lot of poverty and injustice. The moment of catching a goldfish remains unchanged, like the magic heroine herself. But the desire of the old woman change. Now she needs an Indesit car, new boots, a villa, a Ford. She wants to be a blonde with long legs.

In some alterations, the end of the story also changes. The tale can end with a happy family life of an old man and an old woman who has looked younger by 40 years. However, such an end is the exception rather than the rule. Usually the ending is either close to the original, or tells of the death of an old man or old woman.


Thus, the tale about a goldfish lives to this day and remains relevant. This is confirmed by many of its alterations. The sound of a new way gives her a new life, but the problems laid down by Pushkin, even in the alterations, remain unchanged.

All about the same heroes tell these new options, all the same and greedy old woman, and submissive old man, and a wish-fulfilling fish, which speaks of the incredible skill and talent of Pushkin, who managed to write a work that remains relevant and after almost two centuries.

The spiritual meaning of the tale of the fisherman and the fish.

We all grew up on Pushkin's fairy tales. Have we always understood the meaning of these tales?

Pushkin writes a tale about a fisherman and a fish when he was already 34 years old. This is a mature age. He has already rethought much. His most important works have already been written. He steals up to the main one - the Captain's Daughter.

Why did he decide to write a few fairy tales? On the one hand, this is the tradition of deep antiquity, the stories of his beloved nanny, on the other hand, these are the literary tales of the Grimm brothers, in particular, the story of the goldfish he took and the Grimm brothers' s Pomeranian fairy tale, albeit greatly remaking its content, since for Pushkin it was very important to show moral choice humana fairy tale - a lie, but a hint in it, good fellows - a lesson".

What does the story about a fish and a fish tell?

"There lived an old man with an old woman near the very blue sea. Lived in a dilapidated mud hut exactly 30 years and three years". What you should immediately pay attention to."There was an old man with an old woman"- with his old woman, that is, with his wife. She is married, that is, she lives with her husband. Her husband is the main one, his wife follows him. Pushkin wrote this tale when he was already married. Therefore, family relations for him is very important.

"There lived an old man with an old woman near the very blue sea"Here, obviously, there is an image of the universe. There is land and sea. So this is not just an old man with an old woman. These are the progenitors.

"He lived exactly 30 years and three years“They lived in a dugout. The most amazing thing was that they were in a state of rest. It was quite enough for them: a dugout and a broken trough. They, in general, did not want anything more. The most important thing was the state of harmony, peace In this peace they remained.

And why is nothing more given to them? Is this a kind of test for these old men and women?

It is also important to note that each of them was engaged in his own business: the old man was fishing, and the old woman was spinning yarn. They were not idle. According to the results of their work, they had to have a profit of some kind.

Once, an old man abandoned a net, but for the first time a net came only with mud of the sea. The second time I threw it - the sea water came. And when the third time he abandoned the net, he caught a goldfish - not simple, but gold. Gold, golden color - a symbol of eternity.

So, this fish is not quite ordinary. The question is that in the elements of the sea this fish stays and the fish speaks in a human voice - also a miracle. However, the most noticeable is the reaction of the old man to the voice of the fish, more precisely to what she says:

"You let me go, older, in the sea. Dear for myself I will give you something, buy off what you want".

"The old man was surprised, scared. He fished for 30 years and three years, but never caught such a fish". Here the question arises. Why do the old man first was surprised, and then got scared? What is he scared? Whether the fish speak in a human voice, or what it promises to give it to the dear something, i.e. buyout.

The most powerful testfor a man is money and power. Not everyone can pass this test. Pushkin here draws attention to this in his fairy tale.

The old man lived at rest. He doesn’t need money, because it will take him out of the state of peace, and in general he doesn’t need anything. However, when he told about the old woman, the old woman's reaction was quite the opposite.

"Today I caught it was a fish, a goldfish, not simple. In our opinion, the fish said. I asked to go home to the blue sea, at a high price I paid off, I paid off than I wished. I did not dare to take a ransom from her, so I let her into the blue sea".

This is the word "NOT GROWING". Why not dare? Because the fish is unusual or is there something else? Somehow the old man perceives the fish in a completely different way and the old woman perceives this fish in a completely different way.

"An old woman the old woman said: you fool, you dupe, you did not know how to take the ransom from the fish"What immediately catches your eye here? That the old woman attacked the old man. She began to scold him, that is, her subordination was violated.

The position of the husband and wife is clearly marked in the wedding ceremony. The priest says to the groom: "husband, let him love his wife"and to his future wife he says:"the wife be afraid of her husband". We see that there is a profanation of what happened during the wedding. The old woman plays the main role in this family. The harmony of relationships is immediately broken. She controls the old man: instead of fearing her husband, she begins to command them.

What did she want to ask fish? It is very important here, as Pushkin says about it: "even if you took her trough". "Even if"- that is, would take something, just to take.

Does the fairy tale say that the old man and the old woman have a household, some kind of living creature: a bird or cattle? They have nothing. Hence, the trough, in principle, they absolutely do not need, i.e. reproaches the old woman of his old man that he took nothing at all. But he does not need anything. For an old man, the most important thing is to be able to resti.e. in harmony with nature, with the outside world.

Here he went to the blue sea and sees that the sea is a little worried, because what he does is unnatural, the harmony in nature is already broken. This element and testifies. He began to click the goldfish. Goldfish sailed: "what youneed to strache?"

Note: here is the meaning of the word "YOU": what do you need. The old man, in fact, does not need anything, but he loves his old woman, and came to ask for his old woman:"have mercy, sovereign fish, my old woman has forbidden me".

Significantly "My old woman does not give me the old man"So the old man needs rest, and the old woman needs a trough?"It took her a new trough. Ours is completely split“We can assume that if it took the old woman’s trough long ago, the old man would have done it long ago. Therefore, the question is not the trough, but the request, any request - if only the goldfish would fulfill this request.

"Do not be sad, go to yourself with God, will younew trough". It will be YOU trough and not sad, go yourself with God - it means with peace.

The old man returns to the old woman, and her new trough, but even more than ever, the old woman has rejected: "Fool you, dupe, begged the fish trough, how many self-interest in this trough ... ". The key word here is" SHAKE. "So, it pursues some kind of goal - the earthly goal, of course:"ask for a house". Of course, the hut is better than the trough.

See, the request is on the rise. Can a person ever stop in the accumulation of earthly riches? For Pushkin, this question is very important from a spiritual point of view: "do not collect earthly riches, but collect spiritual riches - heavenly". Pushkin knows this very well. Therefore, he tries to reflect this in his fairy tale.

Покорный старик опять идёт к синему морю. Здесь очень важно обратить внимание на покорность старика. Ведь он должен был поставить свою жену на место. Он прекрасно понимает, что не должно просить у рыбки то, чего они в общем-то не заслуживают.

А почему прежде Господь им ничего не давал? А потому, что и прежде они не прошли бы это испытание. Уже на старости, казалось бы, опыта побольше и можно легче разобраться в их сплетениях жизни и нравственных поступках своих.

And now the humble old man goes again to the blue sea to beg for a hut. It is clear that this is not the end of the request, and that the old woman will ask for more and more, but the old man wants to please his old woman. Why? Because he wants to get peace.

"Have mercy, Grand Duchess. Even more, the old woman is cursing, the old man does not give me rest: a grumpy woman asks for a house"How many characteristics the old woman immediately: and a grumpy woman and does not give rest and curse ...

Of course, here his primacy should have manifested, i.e. he should have been to instruct his old woman, his wife in an appropriate way, but the old man does not.

Since the golden fish promised to fulfill any request of the old man, it fulfills this one. But the sea is more and more worried. Hence, it does not welcome these requests, and the behavior of the old man and the old woman.

The old man returned to the old woman. Sees - hut stands. The old woman is sitting and already has a new trough, but the old woman's desire is even more sprayed. She now wants to be a noblewoman pillar. "I asked a dupe, a hut. Go back, bow to the fish - I do not want to be a black peasant woman, I want to be a pillar noblewoman"

Can an old woman be a pillar nobleman by her origin? Of course not.

We see, as soon as passion increases. Indulgence, in fact, indulges this old man. The old woman did not bother, she did not catch the fish, but, nevertheless, she demands a reward for herself.

What does he see: "a high tower, on the porch stands his old woman in an expensive sable warmer, a brocade on a makovka kichka. Pearls are wrapped around the neck, on their hands are gold rings, red boots on their feet, and diligent servants in front of it. She beats them, for Chuprun drags". Here is the behavior that the old woman so longed for. A peasant woman’s idea is such that a high noblewoman only for chuprun, for chuby, should carry her servants and punish her in every way.

How does the attitude of the old woman to the old man change? Now she does not notice him, i.e. legal your spouse. "Hello madam-madam noblewoman, tea is your darling happy now?"; "the old woman shouted at him, she sent him to the stable"Here you are, please, the attitude of the wife to her husband. He now has to serve her at the stable. And the passion of the old woman even more inflamed.

A week later, the other wanted her to be the queen now.

"Even more, the old woman was embarrassed", - notes Pushkin, that is, she has completely lost her mind because she does not give an account of her desires and does not limit them. The old woman does not want to be a noblewoman, wants to be a free queen.

The old man was scared, begged: "what are you a woman, henbane overeat? "He turns to her not as to the noble lad:"what are you a woman, henbane overeat? "Maybe this moment is the most decisive moment. You see, he was scared of her next request and was trying, really, belatedly, to put her in place: "what are you a woman, henbane overeat?"

Nevertheless, the old woman had already entered the role of a pillar noblewoman: she screamed at the old man and said that if he did not go of her own will, then he would be delivered there by force. Subordination is not just broken - now she has gained power over the old man.

Can an old man curb this passion to an old woman? Of course not. Now only the intervention of another force can contribute to this. The old man dutifully goes to the blue sea. It has already reared, it has darkened. Should the old man pay attention to this? Yes, he sees, but he can do nothing with his shrewish old woman.

Asks a goldfish to make the old woman a free queen. The old man returns to his old woman and well: "before him are the royal chambers; in the chambers he sees his old woman. At the table she sits queen. She poured overseas wine, she seizes gingerbread printed. Around her stands a formidable guards, on the shoulders of a hatchet hold. I saw the old man - scared. At his feet he bowed to the old woman". There is an amazing game of concepts.

Who was the old man afraid of? The Queen. Who bowed to his feet? Old woman In other words, he does not see the old woman behind the images of the queen?

"Hello, fearsome Queen, well, now your darling is happy!"Everything is done by the old man as if to make her darling happy.

But do these riches of the soul? That is the question?

"The old woman did not look at him, only ordered to drive him away from his eyes."A formidable guard ran up, pushed him out of the porch, and the people laugh, scoff at the old man:"Serving you, old ignorant, henceforth to you, ignorant, science: do not sit down in your sleigh".

Here the question immediately arises: in whose sleigh did the old man try to sit? The old woman is the wife of an old man, even though she wears royal clothes. Another thing is that the old man can not be king. That's the whole question.

"Here another week passes, even more than that, the old woman was puffed up. The courtiers for the husband sends". An interesting detail: it sends all the same for the HUSBAND, commands the HUSBAND.

Now she already has a new, most fantastic idea: "go back, bow to the fish - I don’t want to be a free queen, but I want to be the master of the sea to live in the ocean and the sea served me a golden fish, and it would be on my packages".

This unbridled fantasy, this unbridled passion dictates desire. The old woman now wants the fish to serve now. Before that, the old man served, fulfilled her every request, and now she wants the goldfish herself to serve it. Something objected husband to his wife? Guided her? Not.

This humility in many respects contributed to the indulgence and growth of the passion of the old woman. "The old man did not dare to contradict her, did not dare to say a word across. Here he goes to the blue sea, sees a black storm on the sea, and angry waves swelled“Element expresses once again its attitude to what is happening. The old man understands this, but he has no choice. It’s easier to ask the fish than to contradict his old woman.what do you need, older? "

Surprisingly the appeal of the fish to the old man: "OLDER". This is not so much an indication of age, but it is a respectful attitude, maybe even a spiritual condition of a person. After all, he had mercy, let her in the blue sea. The fish is trying to thank him, but does her gratitude benefit the old man?

"Have mercy, the empress-fish: what should I do with a damned woman? She does not want to be a queen, she wants to be the ruler of the sea"

Very interesting question: "what do i do with a cursed woman? "This time it's not about fulfilling the old woman's next request. It is about having to do something with the damned woman. It is impossible to stop her. In any case, the old man cannot stop his wife. He has already missed this opportunity.

The fish said nothing, only twisted its tail and swam away into the blue sea.

It would seem that she did not fulfill the last request. Did she break the promise she made at the very beginning? Nothing like this. The last appeal of an old man to a fish is a request for help: what should he do with his grumpy woman? Fish and fulfills the last request of the old man. The old man returned to the old woman. She sees: she is sitting at her old dugout, and in front of her is a broken trough.

Where the fairy tale began, it ends. It turns out that the old woman is punished, and the old man? The old man did not reason the old woman, i.e. his wife In fact, he became an indulgent whim, and his wife was not afraid of her husband, and why should he be afraid of him if he lost control of her? It turns out that only a goldfish and could instruct or direct an old woman with an old man. Actually, she does.

In the final of the tale they are together again. They have an old dugout, before it is a broken trough.

The old man and the old woman did not pass the test. Not only the old woman is to blame for this, but also the old man himself, who let a lot of things to his wife.

This tale is in many respects similar to the Russian tale of "The Hen Ripple," when the hen Ryaba laid down a golden egg to an old man and an old woman. Egg as a symbol of the universe, golden as a symbol of eternity. An old man and an old woman are trying to break an egg. What they want to look inside, i.e. is it a process of knowing good and evil?

Just as in Paradise, Adam and Eve tried to know with the help of the fruits of the tree of knowledge, what is good and evil. Here, too, the old man and the old woman treated the golden egg with carelessness: the mouse ran, the tail twisted, the egg fell and broke.

Mouse - a representative of otherworldly forces. If they were careless about egg-paradise, then they lost it. Now here the old man and the old woman are crying, and the chicken cackles and says to them: do not cry, the old man and the old woman, I will carry you a new egg. This will be the egg is not gold, but simple. In other words, Adam and Eve will be given a different one - the earthly world in which they must abide. A heavenly golden egg has already been taken from them.

In fact, in these two fairy tales - Pushkin and the Russian folk tale - the same is said: man is tested by earthly goods and it is very important how he relates to what he has. For a person, the most important thing is spiritual formation, not material acquisition.. Pushkin will talk about this in his other stories.

The meaning of the fairy tale "Hen Ryaba"

How to make a story plan "tale of a fisherman and a fish" Grade 2, explain.


It is possible to take in paragraphs a line from a fairy tale in quotes: 1. why did you not ask the fish for anything (I do not remember literally)
2. "I do not want to be ..."
3 "oh you ... I do not want to be ...,", etc. And the last one is "and before the stauha a broken trough"


1. The old man caught a goldfish in the sea
2. The old woman ordered to get a trough from the fish
3. The old man asks to trough the fish, it helps him, the old woman orders to beg the hut
4. The old man again asks the fish for help, she helps, the old woman wanted to be a holehead
Well, and so on ...)
just need to pull out the main idea from each piece of text, well, that is, from each event in the text

Ivan Kiryaneko

1. The old man caught a goldfish in the sea
2. The old woman ordered to get a trough from the fish
3. The old man asks to trough the fish, it helps him, the old woman orders to beg the hut
4. The old man again asks the fish for help, she helps, the old woman wanted to be a holehead
Well, and so on ...)
just need to pull out the main idea from each piece of text, well, that is, from each event in the text


1. The life of an old man and an old woman.
2. Caught an old man a goldfish.
3. Talk fish and old man.
4. The old man told the old woman about the fish.
5. Sent the old woman behind the trough.
6. The old man asks the fish trough.
7. Sent the old woman to the fish for a new hut.
8. The old man asks for a new hut.
9. Wants the old woman to become a pillar noblewoman.
10. The old man asks the fish to the old woman became a pillar noblewoman.
11. Fish made the old woman a noblewoman.
12. Wants the old woman to become a free queen.
13. The old man asks the fish, so that the old woman will become a free queen.
14. The fish made the old woman a free queen.
15. Wants to become an old lady of the sea.
16. The old fish told the old woman the desire.
17. I listened to the fish and swam away.
18. There was an old woman at the broken trough.